Organizations / Sweden - CIRS

International Center for Scientific Research

Organizations / Sweden

  • Country name : Sweden
  • Official name : Kingdom of Sweden.
  • System of government : Constitutional monarchy.
  • National anthem :

Geography

  • Area : 449 960 km².
  • Capital : Stockholm.
  • Border countries : Finland, Norway.

People

  • Population : 8,9 millions (2003).
  • Language(s) : Swedish.
  • Religions : Lutheranism (95 %), Roman Catholic (1,5 %), other (3,5 %).

Economy

>Sweden is one of Europe's most industrialized countries and enjoys one of the world's highest standards of living.
>The Swedish economy is based on timber, hydropower and iron ore : it is one of the largest producers of timber products and iron ore in the world.
>Although only less than 10 per cent of the land is cultivated, Sweden is self-sufficient in agricultural products.

History

>From about AD 800, Swedish Vikings established colonies in other countries and trade routes.
>1397-1521 : Through the Kalmar Union, attempt to unite Sweden, Norway and Denmark into one kingdom.
>1523-1654 : Under the Vasa dynasty, Sweden became a great European power.
>1814-1905 : Union of Norway with Sweden.
>In World War I and II, Sweden maintained a position of neutrality.
>In 1995, Sweden became an official member state of the European Union.


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