Organizations / Korea, North - CIRS

International Center for Scientific Research

Organizations / Korea, North

  • Country name : North Korea.
  • Official name : Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
  • System of government : socialist unitarian republic.
  • National anthem :

Geography

  • Area : 120 540 km².
  • Capital : Pyongyang.
  • Border countries : China, Russia, south Korea.

People

  • Population : 22,5 millions (2003).
  • Language(s) : Korean.
  • Religions : Bouddhist, Confusianist, Christian.

Economy

>In 1953, the North Korean economy is destroyed by the war against South Korea and the United States.
>Based on a socialist model highly centralized, North Korea builts a strong indusrial sector in the 60's around armament and heavy industries.
>The country has rich mineral resources, like coal, iron and silver.
>The North Korean agriculture, highly collectivist, can't feed the whole country. In 1995 and 1996, after two devastating floods, North Korea faces famine.
>North Korea is one of the world most isolated economy, even if since the early 90's and the fall of USRR, the government has a new policy to develop exchanges with other countries.



History

>The Korean peninsula was first unified in the 7th century, under the kingdom of Silla.
>During a long period, from 1392 to 1910, the Dynasty Hi ruled the country. In 1592, after a Japanese invasion and a devastating war, the country remained isolated from the rest of the world until the end of the 19th century.
>From 1910 to 1945, the country was invaded by Japan. The Japanese started to transform the country by developing modern industries and infrastructures, but under very harsh conditions.
>After World War II, in 1945, the country was divided into two zones, along the 38th parallel : the American army took control of the south, and the Soviets took control of the north.
>1948 : North Korea becomes the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
>1950 : North Korea invades South Korea, starting a devastating war that will cause the loss of 2 million people.
>1953 : An armistice was signed, leaving the border along the 38th parallel.
>1972 : First discussions between the two Koreas.
>1991 : North Korea becomes a member of the United Nations, as well as South Korea.
>1994 : Kim Il-Sung, that ruled the country since 1972, dies. His son Kim Jong-Il takes over from him.
>1995-1995 : the country faces famine after two devastating floods.
>2000 : first summit between the two Koreas, with the visit of the South Korean President Kim Dae Jung in Pyongyang.

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