MANSFIELD, PETER / Fisica / Investigadores

Centro Internacional de Investigación Científica

Investigadores

Fisica / MANSFIELD, PETER

c/opamela.daviesnottingham.ac.uk

Puesto

Emeritus Professor of Physics,
Magnetic Resonance Centre
School of Physics and Astronomy
University of Nottingham, UK.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy

Peter Mansfield further developed the utilization of gradients in the magnetic field. He showed how the signals could be mathematically analysed, which made it possible to develop a useful imaging technique. Mansfield also showed how extremely fast imaging could be achievable. This became technically possible within medicine a decade later.

Peter Mansfield utilized gradients in the magnetic field in order to more precisely show differences in the resonance. He showed how the detected signals rapidly and effectively could be analysed and transformed to an image. This was an essential step in order to obtain a practical method. Mansfield also showed how extremely rapid imaging could be achieved by very fast gradient variations (so called echo-planar scanning). This technique became useful in clinical practice a decade later.

Awards :

* 1983 Gold Medal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, for pioneering scientific contributions to biology and medicine.
* 1984 joint award of the Royal Society Wellcome Foundation Gold Medal and Prize.
* 1988 Duddell Prize and Medal by the Institute of Physics
* 1988 Silvanus Thompson Medal by the British Institute of Radiology.
* 1989 Antoine Béclère Medal from the International Society of Radiology and the Antoine Béclère Institute in Paris.
* 1990 joint award of the Royal Society Mullard Medal and Prize for technological innovation in NMR imaging leading to industrial development.
* 1992 jointly with P. Lauterbur the International Society of Magnetic Resonance (ISMAR) prize in recognition of "contributions to the fundamentals of NMR and its applications, especially NMR imaging".
* 1993 Barclay Medal by the British Journal of Radiology for "contributing materially to the advancement of the science and practice of radiology".
* 1993 First Silver Plaque of the European Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biology.
* 1995 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Prize for MRI.
* 1995 Gold Medal of the European Congress of Radiology and the European Association of Radiology.
* 1995 Gold Medal of the journal Clinical MRI for services to magnetic resonance.
* 1996 R. Coxon and J. Hykin, received the First Annual Editor's Excellence Award for outstanding scientific research. for the paper "EVI of the Brain at 3.0 T" published in JCAT.
* 1997 together with former students, R. Rzedzian and I. Pykett, Rank Prize for work on EPI.
* 2003, Nobel Prize for Medicine together with Paul Lautebur.


Honours :

* Elected Fellow of Queen Mary College (now Queen Mary and Westfield College), London University in June 1986
* Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, London in February 1987.
* Elected President of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 1987-88.
* Knighted in the New Year's Honours for 1993.
* Elected Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Radiology in 1993.
* Elected to Honorary Membership of the British Institute of Radiology in 1993.
* Elected Honorary Member of the Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in 1994.
* Elected Fellow of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in 1994.
* Conferred Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Strasbourg, 1995.
* Conferred Honorary Doctorate, University of Kent at Canterbury 1996.
* Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Physics, Jan 1997.
* Conferred Doctor Honoris Causa, Jagellonian University of Physics, Krakow, Poland, Jun 2000.

P. Mansfield. Snapshot magnetic resonance imaging (nobel lecture). Angew. Chem. -Int. Edit., 43:5456-5464, 2004.

B. L. W. Chapman, B. Haywood, and P. Mansfield. Optimized gradient pulse for use with EPI employing active acoustic control. Magn. Reson. Med., 50:931-935, 2003.

P. Mansfield, R. M. Bowley, and B. Haywood. Controlled E-field gradient coils. Magn. Reson. Mat. Phys. Biol. Med., 16:113-120, 2003.

P. Glover and P. Mansfield. Limits to magnetic resonance microscopy. Rep. Prog. Phys., 65:1489-1511, 2002.

P. Mansfield, B. Haywood, and R. Coxon. Active acoustic control in gradient coils for MRI. Magn. Reson. Med., 46:807-818, 2001.

P. Mansfield and M. Bencsik. Stochastic effects on single phase fluid flow in porous media. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 19:333-337, 2001.

J. Hykin, R. Moore, K. Duncan, S. Clare, P. Baker, I. Johnson, R. Bowtell, P. Mansfield, and P. Gowland. Fetal brain activity demonstrated by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Lancet, 354:645-646, 1999.

J. Wright, D. Evans, P. Gowland, and P. Mansfield. Validation of antroduodenal motility measurements made by echo- planar magnetic resonance imaging. Neurogastroenterol. Motil., 11:19-25, 1999.

A. J. Freeman, P. A. Gowland, and P. Mansfield. Optimization of the ultrafast Look-Locker echo-planar imaging T-1 mapping sequence. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 16:765-772, 1998.

M. Bencsik, B. Issa, M. A. Al-Mugheiry, R. W. Bowtell, and P. Mansfield. Fluid transport in glass beads phantoms: Spatial velocity measurements and confirmation of the stochastic model. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 16:605-607, 1998.

P. Mansfield and M. Bencsik. Fluid flow in porous systems. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 16:451-454, 1998.

P. Mansfield, P. M. Glover, and J. Beaumont. Sound generation in gradient coil structures for MRI. Magn. Reson. Med., 39:539-550, 1998.

P. Mansfield. 24 years of NMR in medical imaging: From diffraction to echo- planar imaging and beyond. Phys. Medica, 13:188-192 (Suppl. 1), 1997.

P. Mansfield and B. Issa. Fluid transport in porous rocks .1. EPI studies and a stochastic model of flow. J. Magn. Reson. Ser. A, 122:137-148, 1996.

P. Mansfield and B. Issa. Fluid transport in porous rocks .2. Hydrodynamic model of flow and intervoxel coupling. J. Magn. Reson. Ser. A, 122:149-156, 1996.

J. Wright, V. Adams, P. Gowland, R. Spiller, D. Evans, and P. Mansfield. Gastric mixing of a solid and liquid meal measured by echo planar magnetic resonance imaging (EPI). Gastroenterology, 110:A781 (Suppl. S), 1996.

J. Wright, D. Evans, P. Gowland, and P. Mansfield. Validation of echo planar magnetic resonance imaging (EPI) when used for the assessment of antroduodenal motility. Gastroenterology, 110:A782 (Suppl. S), 1996.

D. N. Guilfoyle, B. Issa, and P. Mansfield. Rapid volumetric NMR imaging of fluids in porous solids using a 3D pi-EPI (PEPI) hybrid. J. Magn. Reson. Ser. A, 119:151-156, 1996.

A. R. RajabiSiahboomi, R. W. Bowtell, P. Mansfield, M. C. Davies, and C. D. Melia. Structure and behavior in hydrophilic matrix sustained release dosage forms .4. Studies of water mobility and diffusion coefficients in the gel layer of HPMC tablets using NMR imaging. Pharm. Res., 13:376-380, 1996.

B. Issa, M. A. AlMugheiry, and P. Mansfield. Transient flow through porous rocks studied by PEPI. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 14:933-935, 1996.

A. M. Peters, P. S. Robyr, R. W. Bowtell, and P. Mansfield. Echo-planar microscopy of porous rocks. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 14:875-877, 1996.

M. A. AlMugheiry, B. Issa, and P. Mansfield. Simulating MRI flow maps in porous rocks: A new approach. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 14:823-826, 1996.

P. Mansfield and B. Issa. A microscopic model of fluid transport in porous rocks. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 14:711-714, 1996.

P. R. Harvey and P. Mansfield. Echo-volumar imaging (EVI) at 0.5 T: First whole-body volunteer studies. Magn. Reson. Med., 35:80-88, 1996.

P. Mansfield, R. Coxon, and J. Hykin. Echo-volumar imaging (evi) of the brain at 3.0 t - first normal volunteer and functional imaging results. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr., 19:847-852, 1995.

P. Glover, J. Hykin, P. Gowland, J. Wright, I. Johnson, and P. Mansfield. An assessment of the intrauterine sound intensity level during obstetric echo-planar magnetic-resonance-imaging. Br. J. Radiol., 68:1090-1094, 1995.

R. W. Bowtell and P. Mansfield. Quiet transverse gradient coils - lorentz force balanced designs using geometrical similitude. Magn. Reson. Med., 34:494-497, 1995.

D. J. O. Mcintyre, A. M. Peters, R. W. Bowtell, K. Bingham, P. Mansfield, and P. G. Morris. Mapping the utilization of protein stores during the germination of the castor bean using the nmr microscope. Plant Physiol., 108:43 (Suppl. S), 1995.

R. W. Bowtell, A. Peters, J. C. Sharp, P. Mansfield, E. W. Hsu, N. Aiken, A. Horsman, and S. J. Blackband. Nmr microscopy of single neurons using spin-echo and line narrowed 2dft imaging. Magn. Reson. Med., 33:790-794, 1995.

B. L. W. Chapman and P. Mansfield. A quiet gradient-coil set employing optimized, force-shielded, distributed coil designs. J. Magn. Reson. Ser. B, 107:152-157, 1995. Abstract/Full Text

B. L. W. Chapman and P. Mansfield. Quiet gradient coils - active acoustically and magnetically screened distributed transverse gradient designs. Meas. Sci. Technol., 6:349-354, 1995.

P. Mansfield, B. L. W. Chapman, R. Bowtell, P. Glover, R. Coxon, and P. R. Harvey. Active acoustic screening - reduction of noise in gradient coils by lorentz force balancing. Magn. Reson. Med., 33:276-281, 1995.

P. N. Baker, I. R. Johnson, P. A. Gowland, J. Hykin, V. Adams, P. Mansfield, and B. S. Worthington. Measurement of fetal liver, brain and placental volumes with echo-planar magnetic-resonance-imaging. Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol., 102:35-39, 1995.

A. Mahdi, P. A. Gowland, P. Mansfield, R. E. Coupland, and R. G. Lloyd. The effects of static 3.0-t and 0.5-t magnetic-fields and the echo-planar imaging experiment at 0.5-t on escherichia-coli. Br. J. Radiol., 67:983-987, 1994.

P. Mansfield and R. Bowtell. Nmr marries afm. Phys. World, 7:24-25, 1994.

A. R. Rajabisiahboomi, R. W. Bowtell, P. Mansfield, A. Henderson, M. C. Davies, and C. D. Melia. Structure and behavior in hydrophilic matrix sustained-release dosage forms .2. nmr-imaging studies of dimensional changes in the gel layer and core of hpmc tablets undergoing hydration. J. Control. Release, 31:121-128, 1994.

P. Mansfield, P. Glover, and R. Bowtell. Active acoustic screening - design principles for quiet gradient coils in mri. Meas. Sci. Technol., 5:1021-1025, 1994.

P. R. Harvey and P. Mansfield. Avoiding peripheral-nerve stimulation - gradient wave-form criteria for optimum resolution in echo-planar imaging. Magn. Reson. Med., 32:236-241, 1994.

P. N. Baker, I. R. Johnson, P. A. Gowland, A. Freeman, V. Adams, and P. Mansfield. Estimation of fetal lung-volume using echo-planar magnetic- resonance-imaging. Obstet. Gynecol., 83:951-954, 1994.

P. Mansfield, R. Coxon, and P. Glover. Echo-planar imaging of the brain at 3.0-t - first normal volunteer results. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr., 18:339-343, 1994.

P. M. Glover, R. W. Bowtell, G. D. Brown, and P. Mansfield. A microscope slide probe for high-resolution imaging at 11.7 tesla. Magn. Reson. Med., 31:423-428, 1994.

P. N. Baker, I. R. Johnson, P. A. Gowland, J. Hykin, P. R. Harvey, A. Freeman, V. Adams, B. S. Worthington, and P. Mansfield. Fetal weight estimation by echo-planar magnetic-resonance- imaging. Lancet, 343:644-645, 1994.

P. N. Baker, I. R. Johnson, V. Adams, P. A. Gowland, and P. Mansfield. Uterus didelphys demonstrated with echo-planar magnetic- resonance-imaging. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 170:813-814, 1994.

R. Bowtell, J. C. Sharp, A. Peters, P. Mansfield, A. R. Rajabisiahboomi, M. C. Davies, and C. D. Melia. Nmr microscopy of hydrating hydrophilic matrix pharmaceutical tablets. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 12:361-364, 1994.

P. Mansfield and B. Issa. Studies of fluid transport in porous rocks by echo-planar mri. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 12:275-278, 1994.

B. Issa and P. Mansfield. Permeability estimation from t-1 mapping. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 12:213-214, 1994.

J. Hykin, A. Freeman, P. Gowland, R. Bowtell, B. Worthington, R. Spiller, and P. Mansfield. Measurement of GI water content using EPI at 0.5 tesla. MAGMA, 2:471-473, 1994.

J. Wright, L. V. Adams, J. Hykin, P. Gowland, B. Issa, P. Boulby, P. Tokarczuk, D. Evans, R. Spiller, and P. Mansfield. The measurement of gastric motor function and transit in man by echo planar magnetic resonance imaging. MAGMA, 2:467-469, 1994.

S. J. Blackband, R. W. Bowtell, A. Peters, J. C. Sharp, P. Mansfield, E. W. Hsu, N. Aiken, and A. Horsman. NMR microscopy of single neurons at 500 MHz. MAGMA, 2:445-447, 1994.

A. Freeman, P. Gowland, D. Jellineck, D. Wilcock, J. J. Firth, B. Worthington, P. Mansfield, and G. Ratcliffe. Dynamic T/sub 1/ studies of gadolinium uptake in brain tumors using LL-EPI. MAGMA, 2:409-412, 1994.

P. Mansfield, A. Freeman, and R. Bowtell. Active screening in RF coil design. MAGMA, 2:391-392, 1994.

J. Hykin, R. Bowtell, P. Mansfield, P. Glover, R. Coxon, B. Worthington, and L. Blumhardt. Functional brain imaging using EPI at 3 T. MAGMA, 2:347-349, 1994.

P. Mansfield, P. R. Harvey, and M. K. Stehling. Echo-volumar imaging. MAGMA, 2:291-294, 1994.

R. Bowtell, P. Mansfield, R. T. Coxon, P. R. Harvey, and P. M. Glover. High-resolution echo-planar imaging at 3.0 T. MAGMA, 2:241-245, 1994.

P. N. Baker, I. R. Johnson, P. R. Harvey, P. A. Gowland, and P. Mansfield. A 3-year follow-up of children imaged in-utero with echo-planar magnetic-resonance. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 170:32-33 (Part 1), 1994.

P. R. Harvey and P. Mansfield. Resonant trapezoidal gradient generation for use in echo-planar imaging. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 12:93-100, 1994.

P. Gowland and P. Mansfield. Accurate measurement of T1 in-vivo in less-than 3 seconds using echo-planar imaging. Magn. Reson. Med., 30:351-354, 1993.

P. Mansfield and P. R. Harvey. Limits to neural stimulation in echo-planar imaging. Magn. Reson. Med., 29:746-758, 1993.

D. F. Evans, G. Lamont, M. K. Stehling, A. M. Blamire, P. Gibbs, R. Coxon, J. D. Hardcastle, and P. Mansfield. Prolonged monitoring of the upper gastrointestinal-tract using echo-planar magnetic-resonance-imaging. Gut, 34:848-852, 1993. Abstract

J. C. Sharp, R. W. Bowtell, and P. Mansfield. Elimination of susceptibility distortions and reduction of diffusion attenuation in nmr microscopy by line-narrowed 2dft. Magn. Reson. Med., 29:407-410, 1993.

P. Mansfield, R. Bowtell, and S. Blackband. Ingress of water into solid nylon-6.6. J. Magn. Reson., 99:507-524, 1992.

P. Gowland, P. Mansfield, P. Bullock, M. Stehling, B. Worthington, and J. Firth. Dynamic studies of gadolinium uptake in brain-tumors using inversion-recovery echo-planar imaging. Magn. Reson. Med., 26:241-258, 1992.

D. N. Guilfoyle, P. Mansfield, and K. J. Packer. Fluid-flow measurement in porous-media by echo-planar imaging. J. Magn. Reson., 97:342-358, 1992.

P. Mansfield, R. Bowtell, S. Blackband, and D. N. Guilfoyle. Magnetic-resonance-imaging - applications of novel methods in studies of porous-media. Magn. Reson. Imaging, 10:741-746, 1992.

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