CRUTZEN, PAUL JOSEF / Chimie / Chercheurs

Centre International de Recherche Scientifique

Chercheurs

Chimie / CRUTZEN, PAUL JOSEF

airmpch-mainz.mpg.de

Position

Professor Emeritus, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, Division of Atmospheric Chemistry, Mainz, Germany.

Dutch chemist who discovered that certain compounds of nitrogen and oxygen break down ozone. Ozone, a form of oxygen in the earth's upper atmosphere, shields the earth from much of the sun's ultraviolet radiation. The ozone-destroying compounds are produced in automobile exhausts and in various industrial processes.
Crutzen's work contributed to the realization in the 1970's that the earth's protective ozone layer is threatened by human activity, and the resulting environmental legislation that included laws concerning vehicle emissions.

Thèmes de recherche

- Global modelling of atmospheric chemical processes (2-D, 3-D) for troposphere, stratosphere and lower mesosphere ;
- Interactions of atmospheric chemistry with climate ;
- Studies of the potential role of halogen photochemistry with ozone in the marine boundary layer ;
- Tropospherical chemistry, including the role of biomass burning in the tropics and subtropics

Prix et récompenses

Recipient of the Leo Szilard Award for "Physics in the Publics Interest" of the American Physical Society (1985), Recipient of the Tyler Prize for the Environment (1989), Recipient of the Max-Planck Research Prize, with Dr. M. Molina, U.S.A. (1994), Recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, with Dr. M. Molina and Dr. F. S. Rowland, U.S.A. (1995), Recipient of The Louis J. Battan Author`s Award (with Dr. T.E. Graedel) by the American Meteorological Society (1996), H. Julian Allen Award 1998, for outstanding scientific paper (co-authored) of 1998 at NASA Ames Research Center (1999).

Publications

Books
Enquete Commission "Preventive Measures to Protect the Earth's Atmosphere", 1991: Protecting the Earth: A Status Report with Recommendations for a new Energy Policy. Ed. Deutscher Bundestag, Referat Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Bonn, 2 Volumes.

Crutzen, P.J., J.-C. Gerard and R. Zander (Eds.), 1989: Our Changing Atmosphere. Proceedings of the 28th Liège International Astrophysical Colloquium June 26-30, 1989, Université de Liège, Cointe-Ougree, Belgium, 534 pp.

Crutzen, P.J. and J.G. Goldammer, 1993: Fire in the Environment: The Ecological, Atmospheric, and Climatic Importance of Vegetation Fires. Dahlem Konferenz (15-20 March 1992, Berlin), ES13, Wiley, Chichester, 400 pp.

Graedel, T.E. and P.J. Crutzen, 1994: Chemie der Atmosphäre. Bedeutung für Klima und Umwelt, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, 511 pp.

Crutzen, P.J., 1996: Atmosphäre, Klima, Umwelt (Edited and with an introduction by P.J. Crutzen), Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, 227 pp.

Special Publications
Crutzen, P.J., 1996: Mein Leben mit O3, NOx und anderen YZOx-Verbindungen (Nobel-Vortrag). Angew. Chem., 108 , 1878-1898.

Crutzen, P.J., 1996: My life with O3, NOx, and other YZOx compounds (Nobel Lecture). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 35, 1758-1777.

Crutzen, P.J., 1997: Die Beobachtung atmosphärisch-chemischer Veränderungen: Ursachen und Folgen für Umwelt und Klima. (Festvortrag anläßlich der Hauptversammlung der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Bremen am 6. Juni 1997). In: Max-Planck-Gesellschft. Jahrbuch 1997. Ed. Generalverwaltung der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft München, Van den Hoek & Ruprecht, Göttingen, 1997, 51-71.

Crutzen, P.J., 1998: The BULLETIN Interviews. Professor Paul Josef Crutzen. WMO Bulletin, 47 (2), 3-15.

Journal articles

Williams, J., U. Pöschl, P. J. Crutzen, A. Hansel, R. Holzinger, C. Warneke, W. Lindinger and J. Lelieveld, 2001: An atmospheric chemistry interpretation of mass scans obtained from a proton transfer mass spectrometer flown over the tropical rainforest of Surinam. J. Atmos. Chem., 38, 133-166.

Wagner, V., R. von Glasow, H. Fischer and P. J. Crutzen, 2002: Are CH2O measurements in the marine boundary layer suitable for testing the current understanding of CH4 photooxidation?: A model study. J. Geophys. Res., 107 (D3), 101029-000722.

R. von Glasow, R. Sander, A. Bott & P. J. Crutzen. Modeling halogen chemistry in the marine boundary layer. 1. Cloud-free MBL J. Geophys. Res., (in press, 2002).

R. von Glasow, R. Sander, A. Bott & P. J. Crutzen. Modeling halogen chemistry in the marine boundary layer. 2. Interactions with sulfur and the cloud-covered MBL J. Geophys. Res., (in press, 2002).

R. Gabriel, R. von Glasow, R. Sander, M. O. Andreae & P. J. Crutzen. Bromide content of sea-salt aerosol particles collected over the Indian Ocean during INDOEX 1999 J. Geophys. Res., (in press, 2002).

Other Publications

Crutzen, P. J., 2002: Eine schillernde Hypothese…mit der sich's leben läßt und ohne die man als Forscher auskommt. GAIA, 1/2002 , 19-21.

Crutzen, P. J., 2002: A Critical Analysis of the Gaia Hypothesis as a Model for Climate/Biosphere Interactions. GAIA, 2/2002, 96-103.

Crutzen, P. J., 2002: The effects of industrial and agricultural practices on atmospheric chemistry and climate during the anthropocene. J. Environ. Sci. Health, 37, 423-424.

Crutzen, P. J. and V. Ramanathan, 2002: The Ascent of Atmospheric Sciences. In: Science - Pathways of Discovery, I. Amato (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2002, 175-188.

v. Glasow, R., M. G. Lawrence, R. Sander and P. J. Crutzen, 2002: Modeling the chemical effects of ship exhaust in the cloud-free marine boundary layer. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 2, 525-575.

Levin, Z., Y. Rudich, P. J. Crutzen, M. Andreae and A. Bott, 2002: The role of cloud processing of organic matter on the formation of soluble layers on mineral dust particles and the impact on clouds characteristics. Final Report to GIF, April 2002.

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