VENEZIANO, GABRIELE / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research




Theoretical physicist and one of the founders of string theory.

Senior Staff Member, Division TH, CERN, Genève, Suisse.

Chair of Elementary Particles, Gravitation and Cosmology at the Collège de France, Paris, France.

Research interests

His early research was on Dual Resonance Models, the precursor of String Theory. Then he turned his attention to quantum field theories, in particular to quantum chromodynamics and nonperturbative properties of supersymmetric theories. Since 1986 he has returned to string theory and, in particuIar, to its cosmological implications. He has initiated a new approach to cosmology, the so-called pre-big bang scenario, in which the big bang, instead of being the beginning of time, is the result of a long preceding evolution.

Prizes and awards

I. Ya. Pomeranchuk Prize, ITEP, Moscow (Mai 1999)
Médaille d’or de la République Italienne, Rome (Juin 2000)
Dannie Heineman prize of American Physical Society (Mai 2004)"For his pioneering discoveries in dual resonance models which, partly through his own efforts, have developed into string theory and a basis for the quantum theory of gravity."
Enrico Fermi prize of the Italian Physical Society, September 2005
Einstein Medal of the Albert-Einstein Gesellschaft, Berne, June 2006
Oskar Klein Medal, 2007


M. Gasperini, G. Veneziano
Singularity and exit problems in two-dimensional string cosmology
Phys. Lett. B387 (1996) 715.

M. Gasperini, M. Maggiore and G. Veneziano
Towards a non-singular pre-big bang cosmology
Nucl. Phys. B494 (1997) 315.

G. Veneziano,
Inhomogeneous pre-big bang string cosmology
Phys. Lett. B406 (1997) 297.

G. M. Shore and G. Veneziano
Testing target independence of the “proton spin” effect in semi-inclusive
deep inelastic scattering
Nucl.Phys. B516 (1998) 333-353.

D. de Florian, G.M. Shore and G. Veneziano
Target fragmentation at polarized HERA: a test of universal topologicalcharge screening in QCD
Contribution to the proceedings of the 1997 workshop on “Physics with polarized protonds at HERA”, DESY-Zeuthen and CERN, March-Sept. 1997.

G. Veneziano
Theoretical Outlook,
EPS Conference, Jerusalem (1997).

M. Grazzini, L. Trentadue and G. Veneziano,
Fracture functions from cut vertices
Nucl.Phys. B519 (1998) 394-404.

A. Buonanno, K.A. Meissner, C. Ungarelli and G. Veneziano,
Classical inhomogeneities in string cosmology
Phys. Rev. D57 (1998) 2543.

J. Maharana, E. Onofri and G. Veneziano,
A numerical simulation of pre-big bang cosmology
JHEP 4 (1998) 4.

A. Buonanno, K. A. Meissner, C. Ungarelli and G. Veneziano,
Quantum inhomogeneities in string cosmology
JHEP 1 (1998) 4.

R. Brustein, M. Gasperini and G. Veneziano,
Duality in cosmological perturbation theory
Phys. Lett. B431 (1998) 277.

R. Durrer, M. Gasperini, M. Sakellariadou and G. Veneziano,
Seeds of large-scale anisotropy in string cosmology
Phys. Rev. D59 (1999) 043511.

R. Durrer, M. Gasperini, M. Sakellariadou and G. Veneziano,
Massless (pseudo-)scalar seeds of CMB anisotropy
Phys. Lett. B 436 (1998) 66.

G. Veneziano,
Quantum geometric origin of all forces in string theory,
in “The geometric Universe” (Oxford University press, 1998) p. 235.

A. Buonanno, T. Damour and G. Veneziano,
Pre-big bang bubbles from the gravitational instability of generic string vacua
Nucl. Phys. B 543 (1999) 275.

M. Gasperini, and G. Veneziano,
Constraints on pre-big bang models for seeding large-scale anisotropy by massive Kalb-Ramond axions
Phys. Rev. D59 (1999) 043503.

A. Ghosh, G. Pollifrone and G. Veneziano,
Quantum fluctuations in open pre-big bang cosmology
Phys. Lett. B 440 (1998) 20.

G. Veneziano,
Physics and Mathematics: a happily evolving marriage?
in “ Les relations entre les Mathématiques et la physique theorique”, Festschrift for the 40th anniversary of the IHES (IHES publications, 1998), p.183.

G. Veneziano,
Pre bangian origin of our entropy and time arrow
Phys. Lett. B 454 (1999) 22.

G. Veneziano,
Entropy bounds and string cosmology, Proc. of Conference in honour of F. Englert “Fundamental interactions: from symmetries to black holes” (ULB, Bruxelles, March 1999) p. 273.

A. Melchiorri, F. Vernizzi, R. Durrer and G. Veneziano,
CMB anisotropies and extra dimensions in string cosmology
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (1999) 4464.

A. Ghosh, R. Madden and G. Veneziano,
Back reaction to dilaton-driven inflation,
Nucl.Phys. B570 (2000) 207.

T. Damour and G. Veneziano,
Self-gravitating fundamental strings and black holes,
Nucl. Phys. B568 (2000) 93.

G. Veneziano,
Testing String Theory by probing the pre-bangian Universe,
Proceedings of COSMO-98 Conference (Asilomar, Ca 1998)
D.O. Caldwell editor (AIP, 1999), p. 97.

R. Brustein and G. Veneziano,
A causal entropy bound,
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 5695.

G. Veneziano,
String Cosmology: the pre-big bang scenario,
Proc. Les Houches summer school, “The Primordial Universe”, Les Houches, 1999, O. Binetruy et al eds. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2000), p.

Valerio Bozza, Gabriele Veneziano ,
O(d,d)-invariant collapse/inflation from colliding superstring waves
JHEP 0010 (2000) 035.

R. Brustein, S. Foffa and G. Veneziano
CFT, Holography, and Causal Entropy Bound
Phys.Lett. B507 (2001) 270-276.

V. Bozza, M. Gasperini and G. Veneziano
Localization of Scalar Fluctuations in a Dilatonic Brane-World Scenario
Nucl.Phys. B619 (2001) 191.

L. Giusti, G.C. Rossi, M. Testa and G. Veneziano
The U_A(1) Problem on the Lattice with Ginsparg-Wilson Fermions
Nucl.Phys. B628 (2002) 234-252.

M. Gasperini, F. Piazza and G. Veneziano,
Quintessence as a run-away dilaton
Phys.Rev. D65 (2002) 023508.

M. J. Duff, L. B. Okun and G. Veneziano
Trialogue on the number of fundamental constants
JHEP 03 (2002) 023.

G. Veneziano,
Large-N bounds on, and compositeness limit of, gauge and gravitational interactions
JHEP 0206 (2002) 051.

E. Kohlprath and G. Veneziano
Black holes from high-energy beam--beam collisions
JHEP 0206 (2002) 057.

T. Damour, F. Piazza and G. Veneziano
Runaway dilaton and equivalence principle violations
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 081601.

T. Damour, F. Piazza and G. Veneziano
Violations of the equivalence principle in a dilaton-runaway scenario
Phys.Rev. D66 (2002) 046007.

V. Bozza, M. Gasperini, M. Giovannini and G. Veneziano
Assisting pre-big bang phenomenology through short-lived axions
Phys.Lett. B543 (2002) 14-22.

M. Gasperini, and G. Veneziano,
The pre-big bang scenario in string cosmology
Phys. Reports, 373 (2003) 1-212.

V. Bozza, M. Gasperini, M. Giovannini and G. Veneziano,
Constraints on pre-big bang parameter space from CMBR anisotropies
Phys. Rev. D67 (2003) 063514.

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