HAROCHE, SERGE / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research

Researchers

Physics / HAROCHE, SERGE

harochephysique.ens.fr

Position

Professeur au Collège de France, Chaire de Physique Quantique.

Département de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France.

Research interests

Après une thèse sur l'atome habillé effectuée (1967-71) sous la direction de Claude Cohen- Tannoudji, il a développé dans les années 1970-80 des méthodes nouvelles de spectroscopie laser basées sur l'étude des battements quantiques et de la superradiance. Il s'est ensuite intéressé aux atomes de Rydberg, états atomiques géants que leur sensibilité aux microndes rend particulièrement bien adaptés à des études fondamentales sur l'interaction matière-rayonnement. Il a montré que ces atomes, couplés à des cavités supraconductrices contenant quelques photons, constituent des systèmes idéaux pour tester les lois quantiques fondamentales et pour démontrer des opérations de logique quantique prometteuses pour le traitement de l'information.

Prizes and awards

Prix Aimé Cotton of the French Physical Society (1971)
Loeb Lecturer at Harvard University (1980)
Grand Prix de Physique Jean Ricard of the French Physical Society (1983)
Einstein Prize for Laser Science (Industrial and University Research Affiliates) (1988)
Humboldt Award, Germany (1992)
Michelson Medal of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia (1993)
EPS travelling lecturer (1993-94)
Tomassoni award of La Sapienza University, Roma (2001)
Prix Nobel de physique 2012, conjointement avec l'Américain David Wineland, pour leurs travaux sur la manipulation de particules quantiques individuelles.


Membership in Professional Institutions:

French Physical Society
European Physical Society (EPS)
American Physical Society, Member 1988, Fellow 1990
Membre Correspondant de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1986,
Membre de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1993

Publications

M.Brune, S.Haroche, V.Lefèvre-Seguin, J.M.Raimond and N.Zagury, "Quantum Nondemolition measurement of small photon number by Rydberg atom phase sensitive detection". Phys.Rev.Lett. 65 (1990) p. 976.

S.Haroche and J.M.Raimond, "Electrodynamics of single atom in a cavity" in "Lasers and Quantum Optics", proceedings of Mar del Plata Summer School, Argentina (1988); Narducci, Quel, Tredicce éditeurs. World Scientific (1990).

J.M.Raimond, M.Brune, P.Goy and S.Haroche, "Micromaser à deux photons". Annales de Physique (France), Colloque n°1, 15, (1990), p.17.

S.Haroche, "La physique atomique en microcavité". Annales de Physique (France), Colloque n°1,15, (1990), p.101.

S.Haroche, "Probing the vacuum noise in confined space" in "Noise and chaos in nonlinear dynamical systems", Grigolini et al éditeurs, Cambridge Univ.Press. (1990).

S.Haroche, "Vacuum induced kinetic effects on an atom in a cavity" in "Light induced kinetic effects on atoms, ions and molecules", proceedings of the Elba conference (May 1990); Moi, Gozzini, Gabbanini, Arimondo et Strumia éditeurs, Ets Editrice, Pisa (1991).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Radiative shifts in Cavity QED and their use in quantum nondemolition measurements of small photon number fields" in Atomic Physics XII, Zorn et Lewis éditeurs. American Institue of Physics (1991).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Trapping atoms by the vacuum field in a cavity". Euro.Phys.Lett. 14, 19 (1991).

A.Nussenzweig, J.Hare, A.Steinberg, L.Moi, M.Gross and S.Haroche, "A continuous beam of circular Rydberg atoms for fundamental tests and applications in metrology". Euro.Phys.Lett. 14, 755(1991).

S.Haroche, "Cavity QED: the physics of an atom and a few photons in a box". Physics World (March 1991).

S.Haroche, "Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics" in "Fundamental Systems in Quantum Optics" les Houches session LIII J. Dalibard, J.M. Raimond et J. Zinn Justin éditeurs, Elsevier Science Publishers (1992).

M.Brune, S.Haroche, J.M.Raimond, L.Davidovich and N.Zagury, "Manipulation of photons in a cavity by dispersive atom-field coupling: quantum nondemolition measurements and generation of Schrödinger cats" Phys.Rev.A 45 5193(1992).

F.Bernardot, P.Nussenzveig, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Vacuum Rabi Splitting observed on a microscopic atomic sample in a microwave cavity". Euro.Phys.Lett. 17 33(1992).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Manipulation of optical fields by atomic interferometry: quantum variations on a theme by Young". Appl.Phys.B. 54 355(1992).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Measuring photon numbers in a cavity by atomic interferometry: optimizing the convergence procedure". J.Physique II 659(1992).

V.Sandoghdar, C.Sukenik, E.Hinds and S.Haroche, "Direct measurement of the van der Waals interaction between an atom and its images in a micron-sized cavity". Phys.Rev.Lett. 68 3432(1992).

M.Brune, J.M.Raimond, S.Haroche and L.Davidovich, " QND measurements and Schrödinger cat states generation in cavity QED" in Laser Spectroscopy X, Ducloy, Giacobino et Camy éditeurs, World Scientific (1992).

J.Hare, A.Nussenzweig, C.Gabbanini, P.Goy, M.Gross and S.Haroche, "Towards a Rydberg constant measurement on circular atoms" IEEE Transactions on Instrum. and Measur. 42 (1993).

L.Collot, V.Lefèvre-Seguin, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Very high Q whispering gallery mode resonances observed on fused silica microspheres. Euro.Phys.Lett 23 327 (1993).

M.Weidemuller, C.Gabbanini, J.Hare, M.Gross and S.Haroche, "A beam of laser cooled lithium Rydberg atoms for precision microwave spectroscopy", Opt.Comm. 101, 342 (1993).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Atomic motion in the field of a few photons stored in a high Q cavity and matter-wave interferometry" in Atomic Physics XIII, Walther, Hansch and Neizert editors, A.I.P. (1993).

E.Hinds, V.Sandoghdar, C.Sukenik and S.Haroche, "Spectroscopy in a micronsize cavity" in Atomic Physics XIII, Walther, Hansch and Neizert editors, A.I.P. (1993).

S.Haroche and J.M.Raimond, "Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics" Scientific American (April 1993).

S.Haroche "Measuring photons non destructively" Europhysics News,24, 51, April 1993.

P.Nussenzveig, F.Bernardot, M.Brune, J.Hare, J.M.Raimond, S.Haroche and G.Gawlik, "Preparation of high-principal-quantum-number "circular" states of rubidium". Phys.Rev A48, 3991 (1993).

L.Davidovich, A.Maali, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Quantum switches and nonlocal microwave fields" Phys.Rev.Lett. 71, 2360 (1993).

S.Haroche and J.M.Raimond, "Manipulation of non classical field states by atom interferometry" in "Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics", supplément de Advances in Atom. and Molec. Physics, Berman éditeur, Academic Press (1994).

S.Haroche, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and L.Davidovich, "Mesoscopic Quantum Coherences in Cavity QED" in "Fundamentals of Quantum Optics III", Ehlotzky éditeur, Springer Verlag (1994).

S.Haroche, "Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics", in "Frontiers in Laser Spectroscopy", Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi (Course CXX), M Inguscio et T.Hansch editors, North Holland (1994).

S.Haroche, J.M.Raimond and M.Brune, "Manipulation of Quantum Fields in a cavity by atomic interferometry" in "Atomic Interferometry", édité par DeMartini et Zollinger, World Scientific (1994).

J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Atoms in cavities" in "Confined electrons and photons", Weisbuch et Braunstein editeurs, Plenum Press (1994).

M.Brune, P.Nussenzveig, F.Schmidt-Kaler, F.Bernardot, A.Maali, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "From Lamb shift to Light shifts: Vacuum and sub-photon cavity fields measured by atomic inteferometry" Phys.Rev.Lett. 72, 3339 (1994).

L.Davidovich, N.Zagury, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Teleportation of an atomic state between two cavities using nonlocal microwave fields", Phys.Rev.A 50, R895 (1994).

F.Treussart, J.Hare, L.Collot, V.Lefèvre-Seguin, D.Weiss, V.Sandoghdar, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Quantized atom-field force at the surface of a microsphere", Opt.Lett., 19, 1653 (1994).

S.Haroche, "Manipulating quantum fields with a single atom in a cavity" in "Proceedings of the Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy Conference 1994", H.Kluge editor (1994).

S.Haroche, "Experiments with single atoms, molecules or photons" in "Advances in Quantum Phenomena", Proceedings of a Nato Ettore Majorana School in Physics, Beltrametti and Levy-Leblond editors, Plenum (1995).

S.Haroche, "Atoms and photons in high-Q cavities: new tests of quantum theory" in "Fundamental Problems in Quantum Theory", D.Greenberger editor, Annals New York Academy of Sciences (1995).

S.Haroche and J.M.Raimond, "Cavity QED, Entanglement and Mesoscopic Quantum Coherences" in "Coherence and Quantum Optics VII", Proceedings of the 7th Rochester Conference, Eberly et al editors (1995).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, "Atoms and Photons in High Q Cavities: Towards simple Quantum Logic Gates" in Laser Spectroscopy 12, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, M.Inguscio et al editors, World Scientific (1995).

P.Domokos, J.M.Raimond, M.Brune and S.Haroche,"A Simple Cavity-QED two-bit universal quantum logic gate: principle and expected performances", Phys.Rev A 52, 3554 (1995).

J.C.Knight, N.Dubreuil, V.Sandoghdar, J.Hare, V.Lefevre, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Mapping whispering-gallery modes in microspheres with a near-field probe", Opt.Lett 20, 1515 (1995).

D.S.Weiss, V.Sandoghdar, J.Hare, V.Lefevre, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Splitting of high-Q Mie modes induced by light backscattering in silica microspheres", Opt.Lett. 20, 1835 (1995).

L.Davidovich, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Mesoscopic quantum cokerences in cavity QED: preparation and decoherence monitoring schemes", Phys Rev A 53, 1295 (1996).

V.Lefevre, J.C.Knight, V.Sandoghdar, D.S.Weiss, J.Hare, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " Very high Q whispering gallery modes in silica microspheres for cavity-QED experiments" in Advanced series in Applied Physics Vol 3, R.Chang and A.Campillo edotors (1996).

M.Brune, F.Schmidt-Kaler, A.Maali, J.Dreyer, E.Hagley, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Quantum Rabi Oscillation: A direct test of Field Quantization in a cavity", Phys.Rev.Lett 76, 1800 (1996).

V.Sandoghdar, C.Sukenik, S.Haroche and E.Hinds, "Spectroscopy of atoms confined to the single node of a standing wave in a parallel plate cavity", PRA 53, 1919 (1996).

P.J.Bardroff, E.Mayr, W.P.Schleich, P.Domokos, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Simulation of Quantum state endoscopy", PRA 53, 2736 (1996).

P.Domokos, J.M.Raimond, M.Brune and S.Haroche, "Power and limits of quantum computing: analysis via a concrete algorithm", in the Proceedings of the Cargese schoolworkshop (Sept 1995).

J.C.Knight, N.Dubreuil, V.Sandoghdar, J.Hare, V.Lefevre-Seguin, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Characterizing whispering-gallery modes in microspheres by direct observation of the optical standing wave in the near field", Optics Letters 21, 698 (1996).

V.Sandoghdar, F.Treussart, J.Hare, V.Levefre-Seguin, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche "Very low threshold whipsering gallery mode microsphere laser", Phys.Rev.A 54, R1777 (1996).

J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche "Quantum Computing: Dream or nightmare" in Proceedings of Rencontres de Moriond 1996, Editions Frontieres.

S.Haroche and J.M.Raimond "Quantum Computing: Dream or nightmare?" Physics Today, August 1996, Page 51.

M.Brune, E.Hagley, J.Dreyer, X.Maitre, A.Maali, C.Wunderlich, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "Observing the progressive decoherence of the meter in a quantum measurement", Phys.Rev.Lett. 77, 4887 (1996).

S.Haroche, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond, E.Hagley, C.Wunderlich, A.Maali, J.Dreyer and X.Maitre, "Generation of a Schrödinger Cat of radiation and observation of its decoherence" in Proceedings of the International Conference on Atomic Physics, Walraven et al editors, (1996).

E.Hagley, X.Maître, G.Nogues, C.Wunderlich, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " Generation of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pairs of atoms ", Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 1 (1997).

X.Maître, E.Hagley, G.Nogues, C.Wunderlich, P.Goy, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " Quantum memory with a single photon in a cavity ", Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 769 (1997).

J.M.Raimond, M.Brune and S. Haroche, " Reversible decoherence of a mesoscopic superposition of field states ", Phys.Rev.Lett. 79, 1964 (1997).

S.Haroche, J.M.Raimond and M.Brune, " Le chat de Schrödinger se prête à l'expérience ", La Recherche, September 1997 (page 50).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, " Schrödinger cats and entanglement experiments in Cavity QED ", Proceedins of THICOLS, 13th International Conference on Laser Spectrosocopy, World Scientific, (1997).

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Raimond, " Experiments with single atoms in a cavity: entanglement, Schrödinger's cats and decoherence ", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (to be published).

S.Haroche, " Entanglement, mesoscopic superpositions and decoherence studies with atoms and photons in a cavity ", Physica Scripta, (to be published).

X.Maître, E.Hagley, J.Dreyer, A.Maali, C.Wunderlich, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " An experimental study of a Schrödinger cat decoherence with atoms and cavities ", Jour.Mod.Optics, 44, 2023 (1997).

S.Haroche, " Observing the decoherence of the meter in a measurement: a variation on Schrödinger's cat experiment ", Proceedings of the Xth Max Born Symposium, Quantum Future, (1998).

S.Haroche, " Tests of quantum mechanics with single atoms in high Q cavities ", Proceedings of the 3rd Euroconference on atomic physics with stored highly charged ions (1998).

S.Haroche, " Entanglement, decoherence and the quantum-classical boundary ", Physics Today, July 1998.

J.M.Raimond, E.Hagley, X.Maître, G.Nogues, C.Wunderlich, M.Brune and S.Haroche, " Atoms and cavities : Explortations of quantum entanglement ", Proceedings of ICAP'98, edited by W.Baylis and G.Drake.AIP conference proceedings (1999)

S.Haroche, " Quantum Engineering with atoms and photons in a cavity " in Epistemological and Experimental Perspectives in Quantum Physics, Greenberger, Reiter and Zeilinger, editors, Kluwer academic publishers, (1999).

S.Haroche, " Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics: a review of Rydberg atom- microwave experiments on entanglement and decoherence " in Proceedings of Latino-American Summer School in Physics, S.Hacyan, R. Jauregui and R. Lopez-Peña editors, American Institute of Physics (1999).

S.Haroche, " Engineering entanglement between atoms and photons in a cavity: non-locality, Schrödinger cats and decoherence ", Proceedings of International Symposium on Quantum Mechanics'98, Y.Ono editor, Tokyo (1999).

S.Haroche, " Quantum Knitting in Cavity QED: from the non-destructive measurement
of a single photon to three-atom-entanglement " in ICOLS 1999, Proceedings of the 14th Internatinal Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, R.Blatt editor (1999).

A.Rauschenbeutel, G.Nogues, S.Osnaghi, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " Generation of GHZ-type three atom correlations in a cavity QED experiment ", in ICOLS 1999, Proceedings of the 14th Internatinal Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, R.Blatt editor (1999).

G.Nogues, A.Rauschenbeutel, S.Osnaghi, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, " Seeing a single photon without destroying it ", Nature, 400, 239 (1999).

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, S. Haroche, " Very low threshold lasing in Er3+ doped ZBLAN microsphere ", Electronics Letters (1999).

A.Rauschenbeutel, G.Nogues, S.Osnaghi, P.Bertet, M.Brune, Jean-Michel Raimond and S ? Haroche, " Coherent Operation of a tunable quantum phase gate in Cavity QED ", Phys.Rev.Lett. 83, 5166 (1999).

A.Rauschenbeutel, G.Nogues, S.Osnaghi, P.Bertet, M.Brune, Jean-Michel Raimond and Serge Haroche, " Step by step engineered multiparticle entanglement ", Science, 288, 2024 (2000).

S.Haroche, G.Nogues, A .Rauschenbeutel, S.Osnaghi, P.Bertet, M.brune and J.M.Raimond, " Step by step engineered entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity ", in ICAP'2000 edited by P.De Natale, AIP conference proceedings, (2000)

S.Haroche, "Une exploration au cœur du monde quantique (quand les expériences de pensée deviennent réelles" dans Université de tous les savoirs , Vol 3 "Qu'est ce que l'Univers?", Odile Jacob, (2000). 185. P.Bertet, S.Osnaghi,

A.Rauschenbeutel, G.Noguès, A.Auffeves, M.Brune, J.M.Raimond and S.Haroche, "A complementarity experiment with an interferometer at the quantum-classical boundary", Nature, 411, 166 (2001)

S.Haroche, M.Brune and J.M.Ramond, "Counting and entangling Planck's quanta with atoms in a box", Proceedings of the Symposia Quantum Theory Centenary, Ann.Physik10, 1-2, 55 (2001).

S.Haroche, "Entanglement and decoherence in Cavity Quantum Electroodynamics Experiments", Proceedings of NATO ARW on ``Decoherence and its Implications ...'' (2001).

J.M.Raimond, M.Brune and S.Haroche, "Colloquium: Manipulating quantum entanglement with atoms and photons in a cavity", Rev.Mod.Phys. 73, 565 (2001).

S.Osnaghi, P.Bertet, A.Auffeves, P.Maioli,M.Brune, J.M.Ramond and S.Haroche, Phys.Rev.Lett. 87, 037902-1 (2001).

A.Rauschenbeutel, P.Bertet, S.Osnaghi, G.Noguès, M.Brune, J.M.Ramond and S.Haroche, Phys.RevA, 64, 050301(R), (2001).

J.M. Raimond, P. Bertet, S. Osnaghi, A. Rauschenbeutel, G. Nogues,A. Auffeves, M. Brune and S. Haroche, Laser Spectroscopy 15, proceedings of the Icols XV conference, In press: "A interferometer with a mesoscopic beam splitter: an experiment on complementarity and entaglement" (2001).

S.Haroche, JM. Raimond, M. Brune, Proceedings of the Varenna summer school, 2001, in press: "Entanglement, complementarity and decoherence in cavity QED experiments" (2001)

S.Haroche, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, Proceedings of the Rochester conference, 2001, In press: "Manipulating entanglement with atoms and photons in a box" (2001)

Coherence preserving trap architecture for long-term control of giant Rydberg atoms, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 103001 (2004) P. Hyafil, J. Mozley, A. perrin, J. Tailleur, G. Nogues, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche

Entanglement of a mesoscopic field with an atom induced by photon graininess in a cavity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 230405 (2003) A. Auffeves, P. Maioli, S. Gleyzes, T. Meunier, G. Nogues, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche

Direct measurement of the Wigner function of a one-photon Fock state in a cavity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 200402 (2002) P. Bertet, A. Auffeves, P. Maioli, S. Osnaghi, T. Meunier, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche

Quantum search with two-atom collisions in cavity QED Phys. Rev. A 66, 010302 (2002) F. Yamaguchi, P.Milman, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche

Generating and probing a two-photon Fock state with a single atom in a cavity Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 143601 (2002) P. Bertet, S. Osnaghi, P. Milman, A. Auffeves, P. Maioli, M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, S. Haroche


Books (editor):

Laser Spectroscopy, Proceedings of the Second International Conference, Megève (1975), coeditors: S.Haroche, J.C.Pebay-Peyroula, ,T.Hansch and S.Harris, Springer (1975).

Frontiers in Laser Spectrscopy, Proceedings of Les Houches summer school, session XXVII, coeditors: R. Balian, S.Haroche and S. Liberman, North Holland (1977).

Atomic Physics 11, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference in Atomic Physics (1988), coeditors: S.Haroche, J.C.Gay and G.Grynberg, World Scientific (1989).

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