FERT, ALBERT / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research


Physics / FERT, ALBERT



Professor at University Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific director of the Unité mixte de physique CNRS/Thales.

Research interests

Experimental and theoretical research in condensed matter physics (metals, magnetism, magnetic nanostructures, spin electronics).

In 1988, both Prof. Albert Fert, independently and simultaneously with Prof. Dr. Peter Grünberg, discovered the giant magneto-resistance (GMR) effect, the great change of electrical resistance of a conductor when subjected to an external magnetic field. The discovery stemmed from basic research by the two scientists working for many years, and provided a foundation for the subsequent development of the field of spin-electronics.

Prizes and awards

APS International Prize for New Materials (1994),
International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Magnetism Award (1994),
Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (1997),
CNRS Gold Medal (2003),
Japan Prize (2007)
2007 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance"


One of his 270 articles is in the " Top Ten " of the ten most cited Physical Review :

"M. N. Baibich, J. M. Broto, A. Fert, F. Nguyen Van Dau, F. Petroff, P. Etienne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, et J. Chazelas, Giant Magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr Magnetic Superlattices, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472, 1988."

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