BERNERS-LEE, TIMOTHY JOHN / Computer science / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research


Computer science / BERNERS-LEE, TIMOTHY JOHN


Director, World Wide Web Consortium

Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory for Computer Science, M.I.T.

Research interests

Dr. Berners-Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web. Through his invention, people were able to acquire information and work together by combining their knowledge in a web using hypertext documents through the Internet. He implemented the first World Wide Web server, using HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), HTTP(Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and URL(Uniform Resource Locator) developed by himself. The HTML is a global publishing format in the Internet to enable people to make up their documents to be viewed on computer screens.
The technical essence of the World Wide Web is in displaying HTML documents by Web browsers, which are programs to navigate across computer networks and display various types of information. HTML pages can be used to make up not only simple texts but also complex multimedia information containing images, sound, virtual reality, and Java applets.

The World Wide Web developed by Dr. Berners-Lee is used not only for information exchange among scientists and engineers but also for a wide variety of communications among many people in the world. It has revolutionally changed the way people communicate along with widespread use of the Internet and personal computers. Also, use of the Internet and of personal computers has benefited from the deployment and popularization of the World Wide Web technology.

Prizes and awards

1995 Kilby Foundation's "Young Innovator of the Year" Award
1995 ACM Software Systems Award
1996 ACM Kobayashi Award
1996 IEEE Computer Society Wallace McDowell Award
1996 Computers and Communication (C&C) Award
1997 Duddell Medal of the Institute of Physics
1997 Interactive Association's Distinguished Service Award
1997 MCI Computerworld/Smithsonian Award for Leadership in Innovation
1997 International Communication Institute's Columbus Prize
1997 Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
1998 Charles Babbage Award
1998 Mountbatten Medal of the National Electronics Council
1998 The Lord Lloyd of Kilgerran Prize
1998 PC Magazine Lifetime Achievement Award in Technical Excellence
1998 Eduard Rhein Technology Award
1999 World Technology Award for Communication Technology
2000 Paul Evan Peters Award
2000 George R. Stibitz Computer Pioneer Award at the American Computer Museum
2000 Special Award for Outstanding Contribution of the World Television Forum
2000 Royal Medal of the Royal Society
2002 Japan Prize

Distinguished Fellow, British Computing Society
Honorary Fellow, Institute of Electrical Engineering
Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Fellow, Royal Society
The 3Com Founders Chair, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science


Berners-Lee, T.J., Information Management: A Proposal, Document at CERN, 1990
(Original document to propose the idea of the World Wide Web.)

Berners-Lee, T.J., et al, "World-Wide Web: Information Universe", Electronic Publishing: Research, Applications and Policy, April 1992

Berners-Lee, T.J., et al, "The World Wide Web", Communications of the ACM, August 1994.

Tim Berners-Lee with Mark Fischetti, Weaving the Web, Harper, San Francisco, 1999

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