PHILLIPS, WILLIAM D. / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research

Researchers

Physics / PHILLIPS, WILLIAM D.

william.phillipsnist.gov

Position

Physics Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce, Gaithersburg, U.S.A.

William D. Phillips, a leading researcher in laser cooling of atoms.

Group leader of the Laser Cooling and Trapping Group.

Research interests

The Laser Cooling and Trapping Group studies the physics of laser cooling, electromagnetic trapping and other radiative manipulation of neutral atoms and dielectric particles. These fundamental studies are used to develop applications to new kinds of physics measurements and processes such as high resolution spectroscopy, atomic clocks, atomic collisions, atom optics, bio-molecular interactions, and atomic-scale and nano-scale fabrication.


Projects:

- Atomic Clock: develop advanced techniques of laser cooling cesium atoms for use in atomic clocks.

- Bose Einstein Condensation: investigate properties and applications of dilute quantum gases of alkali atoms.

- Cold Collisions: study ground state and photoassociative collisions of ultracold atoms.

- Metastable Xe: study ultracold Rydberg atoms and plasmas using laser cooled and trapped metastable xenon.

- Optical Lattices: investigate the properties and applications of ultracold atoms confined in periodic potentials made of light.

- Optical Tweezers: optically manipulate microscopic objects to address problems in biochemistry and biotechnology.

Prizes and awards

Outstanding Young Scientist Award of the Maryland Academy of Sciences (1982), Scientific Achievement Award of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1982), Silver Medal of the Department of Commerce (1983), Samuel Wesley Stratton Award of the National Bureau of Standards (1987), Arthur S. Flemming Award of the Washington Downtown Jaycees (1988), Gold Medal of the Dept. of Commerce (1993), Michelson Medal of the Franklin Insitute (1996), Nobel Prize in Physics (1997), Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science (APS) (1998).

1997 Nobel Laureate in Physics for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.

Publications

Helmerson, K., Davies, B.J., Kishore, R., and Phillips, W.D.,
Colliding Biological Objects Using Optical Tweezers: A New Technique for Studying Adhesion,
in Proc. 21st Annual Meeting of the Adhesion Society (ISSN 1086-9506), ed. by R.A. Dickie (1998), pp. 306-308.

Davies, B.J., Mammen, M., Helmerson, K., Kishore, R., Choi, S.-K., Phillips, W.D., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Optically Controlled Collisions of Biological Objects,
Proc. of SPIE the International Biomed. Opt. Soc. (ISBN 0819423947), ed. by D.L. Farkas, B.J. Tromberg and R.C. Leif (1998), pp. 15-23.

Laburthe-Tolra, B., O'Hara, K., Huckans, J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., and Porto, J.V.,
Experimental Study of a Bose Gas in One Dimension,
in Laser Spectroscopy: Proc. 16th Int'l Conf. Laser Spectroscopy, ed. by P. Hannaford, A. Sidorov, H. Bachor, and K. Baldwin (World Scientific, 2004), p.124.

Laburthe-Tolra, B., O’Hara, K.M., Huckans, J., Phillips, W.D., Rolston, S.L., and Porto, J.V.,
Observation of reduced three-body recombination in a correlated 1D Bose gase,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 190401 (2004).

Peil, S., Porto, J.V., Laburthe-Tolra, B., Obrecht, J.M., King, B.E., Subbotin, M., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Patterned Loading of a Bose-Einstein Condensate Into an Optical Lattice,
Phys. Rev. A 67(5), 051603 (2003).

Porto, J.V., Rolston, R., Laburthe-Tolra, B., Williams, C.J., and Phillips, W.D.,
Quantum Information with Neutral Atoms as Qubits,
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 361, 1417-1427 (2003).

McKenzie, C., Denschlag, J.H., Haffner, H., Browaeys, A., de Araujo, L.E.E., Fatemi, F.K., Jones, K.M., Simsarian, J.E., Cho, D., Simoni, A., Tiesinga, E., Julienne, P.S., Helmerson, K., Lett, P.D., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Photoassociation of sodium in a BEC,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 120403 (2002).

Rolston, S.L. and Phillips, W.D., Nonlinear and quantum atom optics,
Nature 416, 219 (2002).

Hagley, E.W., Deng, L., Phillips, W.D., Burnett, K., and Clark, C.W.,
The atom laser,
Opt. Photon. News (May 2001), p. 22-26.

Hagley, E.W., Deng, L., Phillips, W.D., Burnett, K., and Clark, C.W.,
The Atom Laser,
Opt. Photon. News 13, 22 (May 2001).

Helmerson, K. and Phillips, W.D.,
Cooling, Trapping and Manipulation of Neutral Atoms and BEC by Electromagnetic Fields,
in Bose-Einstein Condensation, From Atomic Physics to Quantum Fluids (Proc. of the Thirteenth Physics Summer School, Canberra, Australia), ed. by C.A. Savage and M.P. Das (World Scientific, Singapore, 2001), pp. 231-280.

Hensinger, W., Haeffner, H., Browaeys, A., Heckenberg, N.R., Helmerson, K., McKenzie, C., Phillips, W.D., Rolston, S.L., Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H., and Upcroft, B.,
Dynamical Tunneling of Ultracold Atoms,
Nature 412, 52 (2001).

Cognet, L., Savalli, V., Featonby, P.D., Helmerson, K., Westbrook, N., Westbrook, C.I., Phillips, W.D., Aspect, A., Zabow, G., Drndic, M., Lee, C.S., Westervelt, R.M., and Prentiss, M.,
Smoothing a Current-Carrying Atomic Mirror,
Europhys. Lett. 47, 538 (1999).

Deng, L., Hagley, E.W., Denschlag, J., Simsarian, J.E., Edwards, M., Clark, C.W., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
The temporal, matter-wave-dispersion Talbot effect,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5407 (1999).

Deng, L., Hagley, E.W., Wen, J., Trippenbach, M., Band, Y., Julienne, P.S., Simsarian, J.E., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Four-Wave Mixing with Matter Waves,
Nature 398, 218 (1999).

Edwards, M., Griggs, D.A., Holman, P.L., Clark, C.W., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Properties of a Raman Atom Laser Output Coupler,
J. Phys. B 32, 2935 (1999).

Edwards, M., Griggs, D.A., Holman, P.L., Clark, C.W., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Properties of a Raman Atom-Laser Output Coupler,
J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys 32, 2935 (1999).

Hagley, E.W., Deng, L., Kozuma, M., Trippenbach, M., Band, Y.B., Edwards, M., Doery, M., Julienne, P.S., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Measurement of the Coherence of a Bose-Einstein Condensate,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3112 (1999).

Hagley, E.W., Deng, L., Kozuma, M., Trippenbach, M., Band, Y.B., Edwards, M., Doery, M., Julienne, P.S., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Measurement of the Coherence of a Bose-Einstein Condensate,
Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 3112 (1999).

Hagley, E.W., Deng, L., Kozuma, M., Wen, J., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
A Well Collimated Quasi-Continuous Atom Laser,
Science 283, 1706 (1999).

Helmerson, K. and Phillips, W.D.,
Cooling, Trapping and Manipulation of Neutral Atoms and BEC by Electromagnetic Fields,
in Bose-Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases, Proc. Enrico Fermi Course CXL, ed. by M. Inguscio, S. Stringari, and C.E. Wieman (IOS, Amsterdam, 1999), pp. 391-438.

Kozuma, M., Deng, L., Hagley, E.W., Wen, J., Luttwak, R., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Coherent Splitting of Bose-Einstein Condensed Atoms With Optically Induced Bragg Diffraction,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 871 (1999).

Ovchinnikov, Y.B., Muller, J.H., Doery, M.R., Helmerson, K., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Diffraction of a Released Bose-Einstein Condensate with a Pulsed Standing Light Wave,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 284 (1999).

Phillips, W.D.,
Atoms In Optical Lattices: Cooling, Trapping and Squeezing Atoms with Light,
Adv. Quantum Chem. 30, 19-39 (1998).

Phillips, W.D.,
Nobel Lectures in Physics 1997,
Rev. Mod. Phys. 70(3), 685 (1998).

Davies, B.J., Helmerson, K., Kishore, R., Phillips, W.D., and Weetall, H.H.,
Optical Tweezers Based Immunosensor,
Appl. Opt. 38, 18 (1998).

Helmerson, K., Raithel, G., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Dynamical Motion of Atoms in Optical Lattices,
in Laser Spectrscopy XIII, ed. by Z.-J. Wang, Z.-M., Zhang, and Y.-Z. Wang (World Scientific, Singapore, 1998), pp. 125-30.

Raithel, G., Phillips, W.D., and Rolston, S.L.,
Collapse and Revivals of Wave Packets in Optical Lattices,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3615 (1998).

Raithel, G., Phillips, W.D., and Rolston, S.L.,
Magnetization and Spin-Flip Dynamics of Atoms in Optical Lattices,
Phys. Rev. A 58, R2660 (1998).

Phillips, W.D.,
Quantum Motion Of Atoms Confined In An Optical Lattice,
Mater. Sci. Eng. B 48, 13-18 (1997).

Bard, A., Berggren, R.K., Wilbur, J.L., Gillaspy, J.D., Rolston, S.L., McClelland, J.J., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Self-Assembled Monolayers Exposed by Metastable Argon and Metastable Helium for Neutral Atom Lithography and Atomic Beam Imaging,
J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 15, 1805 (1997).

Helmerson, K., Kishore, R., Phillips, W.D., and Weetall, H.H.,
Optical Tweezers-Based Immunosensor Detects Femtomolar Concentration of Antigens,
Clinical Chem. 43, 379 (1997).

Phillips, W.D.,
A Beam Line for Highly Charged Ions Extracted from the NIST EBIT,
Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2528 (1996).

Phillips, W.D., Ekstrom, C., Golding, W., and Rolston, S.L.,
Laser Cooling of Neutral Atoms for Frequency Standards,
in Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, ed. by J. Bergquist (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 5-10.

Gatzke, M., Birkl, G., Deutsch, I.H., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Bragg Scattering from Optical Lattices,
in Laser Spectroscopy XII, ed. by M. Inguscio, M. Allegrini, and A. Sasso (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 49-50.

Gillaspy, J.D., Berggren, K.K., Bard, A., Wilbur, J.L., McClelland, J.J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Metastable Atom Lithography: A New Technique for Creating Nanostructures,
IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. Newslett. 10, 9 (1996).

Gillaspy, J.D., Berggren, K.K., Bard, A., Wilbur, J.L., McClelland, J.J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Metastable Atom Lithography: a New Technique for Creating Nanostructures,
LEOS Newsletter, 10(1), pp. 9-11 (1996).

Mammen, M., Helmerson, K., Kishore, R., Choi, S.-K., Phillips, W.D., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Optically Controlled Collisions of Biological Objects to Evaluate Potent Polyvalent Inhibitors of Virus-Cell Adhesion,
Chem. & Biology 3, 757 (1996).

Rolston, S.L., Birkl, G., Deutsch, I.H., Gatzke, M., Orzel, C., Phillips, W.D., Sterr, U., and Walhout, M.,
Optical Lattices,
in Laser Spectroscopy XII, ed. by M. Inguscio, M. Allegrini, and A. Sasso (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996), p. 35-38.

Tiesinga, E., Williams, C.J., Julienne, P.S., Jones, K.M., Lett, P.D., and Phillips, W.D.,
A Spectroscopic Determination of Scattering Lengths for Sodium Atom Collisions,
J. Res. NIST 101, 505 (1996).

Phillips, W.D.,
Colder and Better: Some New Developments in Laser Cooling, Trapping and Manipulation of Atoms,
in Atomic Physics 14, ed. by O.J. Wineland, C.E. Wieman, and S.J. Smith (AIP, New York, 1995), p. 211.

Berggren, K.K., Bard, A., Wilbur, J.L., Gillaspy, J.D., Helg, A.G., McClelland, J.J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Microlithography By Using Neutral Metastable Atoms and Self-Assembled Monolayers,
Science 269, 1255 (1995).

Berggren, K.K., Bard, A., Wilbur, J.L., Gillaspy, J.D., Helg, A.G., McClelland, J.J., Rolston, S.L., Phillips, W.D., Prentiss, M., and Whitesides, G.M.,
Microlithography by Using Neutral Metastable Atoms and Self-Assembled Monolayers,
Science 269, 1255 (1995).

Birkl, G., Gatzke, M., Deutsch, I.H., Rolston, S.L., and Phillips, W.D.,
Bragg Scattering from Atoms in an Optical Lattice,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2823 (1995).

Hodapp, T.W., Gerz, C., Furtlehener, C., Westbrook, C.I., and Phillips, W.D.,
Three-dimensional Spatial Diffusion in Optical Molasses,
Appl. Phys. B 60, 135 (1995).

Lett, P.D., Ratliff, L.P., Wagshul, M.E., Phillips, W.D. and Rolston, S.L.,
Photoassociative Ionization Spectroscopy of Ultracold Na,
in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 94, Conf. Proc. No. 329, ed. by H.-J. Kluge, J.E. Parks, and K. Wendt (AIP, New York, 1995) p. 289.

Goldner, L.S., Gerz, C., Spreeuw, R.J.C., Rolston, S.J., Westbrook, C.I., Phillips, W.D., Marte, P., and Zoller, P.,
Coherent Transfer of Photon Momentum By Adiabatic Following in a Dark State,
Quant. Opt. 6, 387-389 (1994).

Goldner, L.S., Gerz, C., Spreeuw, R.J.C., Rolston, S.J., Westbrook, C.I., Phillips, W.D., Marte, P., and Zoller, P.,
Momentum Transfer in Laser-Cooled Cs by Adiabatic Passage in a Light Field,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 997 (1994).

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