Professor of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University.
Osheroff is a codiscoverer of superfluidity in 3He, the second known superfluid. Further, he discovered the logarithmic dependence of electrical conductivity of thin films on electric field and temperature. He obtained the first structural information of nuclear spin ordering of solid 3He below l mK, the only antiferromagnet involving atomic exchange.
Research efforts center around studies of quantum fluids and solids and glasses at ultra-low temperatures. Current work in quantum fluids and solids includes studies of transport properties in nuclear magnetically ordered solid 3He, studies of the B phase nucleation in superfluid 3He, and experimental searches for new magnetically ordered two dimensional phases of both solid and liquid 3He on graphite surfaces. The work involving glasses is intended to elucidate the nature of two level systems in amorphous materials at ultra-low temperatures, and to develop new low heat capacity/high resolution thermometers for use in the 1 to 10 mK temperature range.
Specialty: ultra-low temperature physics
Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Member of the National Academy of Sciences
Simon Memorial Prize 1976
Oliver E. Buckley Prize, 1981
MacArthur Prize Fellow, 1981
Walter J. Gores award for teaching, 1991
Co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics, 1996
Douglas D. Osheroff, "The Nature of Discovery in Physics," American Journal of Physics, vol. 69, no.1 (January 2001): 26-37