HELL, STEFAN W. / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research


Physics / HELL, STEFAN W.



Leader of the of the High Resolution Optical Microscopy Group at the Max-Planck-Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, Germany.

Research interests

confocal fluorescence microscopy, multi-photon excitation, fluorophore photophysics, Abbe's resolution limit, superresolution, deconvolution, 4Pi-confocal microscopy, PSF-Engineering

Our approaches are based on confocal or multi-photon excitation scanning systems.


Hell, S.W. and Stelzer, E. (1992) Properties of a 4Pi-confocal microscope, J. Opt. Soc. Am .A, 9, 2159

Schrader, M. and Hell, S.W. (1996) 4Pi-confocal images with axial superresolution, J. Microsc. 183, 189

Hell, S.W. et al. (1996) Three-photon excitation in fluorescence microscopy, J. Biomed. Opt. 1, 71

Schrader, M., et al. (1996) Potential of confocal microscopes to resolve in the 50-100 nm range, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, No. 24, in press.

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