IBM Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon, Switzerland
J. Georg Bednorz was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987 for his discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in a new class of materials. Drs. Bednorz and Mueller startled the world by reporting superconductivity in a layered, ceramic material at a then-record-high temperature -- 33 degrees above absolute zero, or 0 Kelvin (roughly -460 degrees Fahrenheit). Their discovery set off an avalanche of research worldwide into related materials that yielded dozens of new superconductors, eventually reaching a transition temperature of 135 Kelvin.
Thirteenth Fritz London Memorial Award (1987), Dannie Heineman Prize (1987), Robert Wichard Pohl Prize (1987), Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (1988), The Marcel Benoist Prize (1986), Nobel Prize for Physics ( 1987), APS International Prize for MaterialsResearch (1988), Minnie Rosen Award, the Viktor Mortiz Goldschmidt Prize and the Otto Klung Prize