Associate Professor of Anthropology and Quaternary and Climate Studies at the University of Maine, USA.
Editor of Andean Past, published by Cornell University.
He teaches courses on South American Prehistory, Archaeology, Peoples and Cultures of South America and Paleo-environmental Archaeology.
His research focuses on prehistoric coastal adaptations, primarily in Peru. Topical interests include the effects on cultural development of climate change, particularly the prehistory of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, and environmental change, particularly rising sea level during the last deglaciation; also the development and organization of complex societies in the coastal setting.
Methodological interests include the analysis of molluscan remains from archaeological sites.
Current projects include evaluation of evidence for mid-Holocene climate change on the north Peruvian coast; investigation of Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene maritime adaptations at sites in southern Peru; study of northern Peruvian beach ridge sequences and their relation to El Niño and tectonic activity.
Research Projects :
Quebrada Jaguay: Early South American Maritime Adaptations
Sandweiss, D.H. 1986. "The Beach Ridges at Santa, Peru: El Niño, Uplift, and Prehistory." Geoarchaeology 1:17-28.
Rollins, H.B., D.H. Sandweiss, U. Brand, and J.C. Rollins. 1987. "Growth Increment and Stable Isotope Analysis of Marine Bivalves: Implications for the Geoarchaeological Record of El Niño." Geoarchaeology 2:181-187.
Sandweiss, D.H. 1992. "The Archaeology of Chincha Fishermen: Specialization and Status in Inka Peru." Carnegie Museum of Natural History Bulletin 29.ix + 162 pp.
T. Heyerdahl, Sandweiss, D.H., A. Narváez 1995. The Pyramids of Túcume: The Quest for Peru's Forgotten City. Thames & Hudson, London.
Sandweiss, D.H. 1996. "Mid-Holocene Cultural Interaction Between the North Coast of Peru and Ecuador." Latin American Antiquity 7:41-50.
Sandweiss, D.H., J.B. Richardson III, E.J. Reitz, H.B. Rollins, and K.A. Maasch 1996. "Geoarchaeological Evidence from Peru for a 5,000 BP Onset of El Niño." Science 273:1531-1533.
Sandweiss, D.H. and E.S. Wing 1997. "Ritual Rodents: The Guinea Pigs of Chincha, Peru." Journal of Field Archaeology 24:47-58.
Sandweiss, D.H., J.B. Richardson III, E.J. Reitz, H.B. Rollins, and K.A. Maasch 1997. "Determining the Early History of El Niño: Response." Science 276:966-967.
Sandweiss, D.H., H. McInnis, R.L. Burger, A. Cano, B. Ojeda, R. Paredes, M.C. Sandweiss, and M.D. Glascock 1998. "Quebrada Jaguay: Early South American Maritime Adaptations." Science 281:1830-1832
Sandweiss, D.H. 1999. The Return of the Native Symbol: Peru Picks Spondylus to Represent New Integration with Ecuador. Society for American Archaeology Bulletin 17(2): 1, 8-9.
Copson, W. and D.H. Sandweiss 1999. Native and Spanish Perspectives on the 1578 El Niño. In The Entangled Past: Integrating History and Archaeology. Proceedings of the 1997 Chacmool Conference, edited by M. Boyd, J.C. Erwin, and M. Hendrickson, pp. 208-220. Calgary: University of Calgary.
Sandweiss, D.H., K.A. Maasch, R.L. Burger, J.B. Richardson III, H.B. Rollins, A. Clement 2001 Variation in Holocene El Niño frequencies: Climate records and cultural consequences in ancient Peru. Geology 29:603-606.
Sandweiss, D.H., M.E. Moseley, J. Haas, W. Creamer 2001 Amplifying Importance of New Research in Peru. Science 294:1651-1653.