Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University, Durham, UK.
Core member of the Virgo Consortium
Recent advances in cosmology appear to demonstrate that about 70 percent of our Universe currently consists of Dark Energy, a mysterious force field which is causing it to expand ever more rapidly. About one quarter apparently consists of Cold Dark Matter, a new kind of elementary particle not yet directly detected on Earth. Only about 5 percent is made out of the ordinary atomic matter we are familiar with, most of that consisting of hydrogen and helium. Telescopes sensitive to microwaves have been able to image the Universe directly when it was only 400,000 years old. The only structure at that time was weak ripples in an otherwise uniform sea of matter and radiation. Gravitationally driven evolution later turned these ripples into the enormously rich structure we see today. It is this growth which the Millennium Run is designed to follow, with the twin goals of checking that this new paradigm for cosmic evolution is indeed consistent with what we see, and of exploring the complex physics which gave rise to galaxies and their central black holes.
The science goals of Virgo are to carry out state-of-the-art cosmological simulations. The research areas include the large-scale distribution of dark matter, the formation of dark matter haloes, the formation and evolution of galaxies and clusters, the physics of the intergalactic medium and the properties of the intracluster gas.
2007 Gao, Liang and White, Simon D. M. Assembly bias in the clustering of dark matter haloes MNRAS, 377, L5 (Citations: 33) ADS Abstract
2007 Croton, Darren J., Gao, Liang, and White, Simon D. M. Halo assembly bias and its effects on galaxy clustering MNRAS, 374, 1303 (Citations: 45) ADS Abstract
2007 Evrard, A. E., Bialek, J., Busha, M., White, M., Habib, S., Heitmann, K., Warren, M., Rasia, E., Tormen, G., Moscardini, L., Power, C., Jenkins, A. R., Gao, L., Frenk, C. S., Springel, V., White, S. D. M., and Diemand, J. Virial Scaling of Massive Dark Matter Halos: Why Clusters Prefer a High Normalization Cosmology astro, arXiv:astro-ph/0702241 (Citations: 0) ADS Abstract
2006 Gao, Liang and White, Simon D. M. Asymmetries in the inner regions of ΛCDM haloes MNRAS, 373, 65 (Citations: 10) ADS Abstract
2006 Gao, L., Yoshida, N., Abel, T., Frenk, C. S., Jenkins, A., and Springel, V. The first generation of stars in LCDM cosmology astro, arXiv:astro-ph/0610174 (Citations: 0) ADS Abstract
2006 Croton, Darren J., Springel, Volker, White, Simon D. M., De Lucia, G., Frenk, C. S., Gao, L., Jenkins, A., Kauffmann, G., Navarro, J. F., and Yoshida, N. Erratum: The many lives of active galactic nuclei: cooling flows, black holes and the luminosities and colours of galaxies MNRAS, 367, 864 (Citations: 8) ADS Abstract
2006 Croton, Darren J., Springel, Volker, White, Simon D. M., De Lucia, G., Frenk, C. S., Gao, L., Jenkins, A., Kauffmann, G., Navarro, J. F., and Yoshida, N. The many lives of active galactic nuclei: cooling flows, black holes and the luminosities and colours of galaxies MNRAS, 365, 11 (Citations: 453) ADS Abstract
2005 Gao, Liang, Springel, Volker, and White, Simon D. M. The age dependence of halo clustering MNRAS, 363, L66 (Citations: 98) ADS Abstract
2005 Reed, Darren S., Bower, Richard, Frenk, Carlos S., Gao, Liang, Jenkins, Adrian, Theuns, Tom, and White, Simon D. M. The first generation of star-forming haloes MNRAS, 363, 393 (Citations: 30) ADS Abstract
2005 Springel, Volker, White, Simon D. M., Jenkins, Adrian, Frenk, Carlos S., Yoshida, Naoki, Gao, Liang, Navarro, Julio, Thacker, Robert, Croton, Darren, Helly, John, Peacock, John A., Cole, Shaun, Thomas, Peter, Couchman, Hugh, Evrard, August, Colberg, Jörg, and Pearce, Frazer Simulations of the formation, evolution and clustering of galaxies and quasars Natur, 435, 629 (Citations: 487) ADS Abstract
2004 Gao, L., White, S. D. M., Jenkins, A., Stoehr, F., and Springel, V. The subhalo populations of ΛCDM dark haloes MNRAS, 355, 819 (Citations: 157) ADS Abstract
2004 Gao, Liang, Loeb, Abraham, Peebles, P. J. E., White, Simon D. M., and Jenkins, Adrian Early Formation and Late Merging of the Giant Galaxies ApJ, 614, 17 (Citations: 47) ADS Abstract
2004 Gao, L., De Lucia, G., White, S. D. M., and Jenkins, A. Galaxies and subhaloes in ΛCDM galaxy clusters MNRAS, 352, L1 (Citations: 66) ADS Abstract