GRUNBERG, PETER / Physics / Researchers

International Center for Scientific Research




Retired, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany.

Research interests

Spinelectronics, Voltage-controlled magnetization switching, Spin-current induced magnetization switching

Today, compact and fast hard discs are a useful tool for the information society. Our data, which are becoming more and more extensive thanks to the music and video industry, are just a few clicks away. This convenient access has become possible through a discovery which was made at Research Centre Jülich not so long ago.

At the end of the 80s, Peter Grünberg discovered that the electrical resistance of thin magnetic layers can be greatly changed through external magnetic fields. Since the mid-nineties, the so-called GMR or giant magnetic resistance effect has been used in all common hard discs to read magnetic bits and bytes. The effect is based on the quantum-mechanical combination of electron spins in the material layers.

In only ten years, the GMR effect has made its way from the laboratory to the consumer and is now used daily a billion of times.

Prizes and awards

1994 : APS International Prize for New Materials (with A. Fert und S.S.P. Parkin)
1994 : IUPAP Magnetism Award (with A. Fert)
1996 : Technology Prize of the "Association of Friends and Benefactors of Research Centre Jülich"
1997 : Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (with A. Fert und S.S.P. Parkin)
1998 : German Future Prize awarded by the President of the Federal Republic of Germany
2002 : Honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy of Ruhr University Bochum
2003 : External Scientific Member of the Max Planck Society
2004 : Manfred von Ardenne Prize for Applied Physics from the European Society of Thin Films (EFDS)
2006 : Award for "European Inventor of the Year" by the European Commission and the European Patent Office
2007 : Stern Gerlach Medal of the German Physics Society (DPG)
2007 : Japan-Prize der Science and Technology Foundation of Japan (JSTF) (with A. Fert)
2007 Wolf-Foundation-Prize in physics (with A.Fert)
2007 : Nobel Prize in physics (with A.Fert)


Grünberg, P.; Bürgler, D. E.; Dassow, H.; Rata, A. D.; Schneider, C. M.
Spin-transfer phenomena in layered magnetic structures: Physical phenomena and material aspects
Acta Materialia, 55 (2007), 1171

Paul, A.; Braak, H.; Bürgler, D. E.; Schreiber, R.; Rata, D.; Grünberg, P.; Schneider, C. M.; Brückel, T.
Polarized neutron reflectivity of dilute magnetic semiconductors
Physica B: Condensed Matter, 397 (2007), 59 - 61

Bürgler, D. E.; Gareev, R. R.; Pohlmann, L. L.; Braak, H.; Buchmeier, M.; Luysberg, M.; Schreiber, R.; Grünberg, P. A.
Antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling across epitaxial Si spacers
Magnetic Nanostructures / ed.: B. Aktas, L. Tagirov, F. Mikailov. - Berlin, Springer, 2007. - (Springer Series in Material Science ; 94). - 978-3-540-49334-1. - S. 133 - 146

Legal notice - Contact

Copyright © 2013 - - All rights reserved