Archaeology / News - CIRS

International Center for Scientific Research

News / Archaeology

New research reveals earliest directly dated rock paintings from southern Africa

SCIENCEDAILY - 07 June 2017

Scientists have pioneered a technique to directly date prehistoric rock paintings in southern Africa, which reveal dates much older than previously thought.

Middle Stone Age ochre processing tools reveal cultural and behavioural complexity

SCIENCEDAILY - 10 November 2016

Middle Stone Age humans in East Africa may have employed varied techniques to process ochre for functional and symbolic uses, according to a study.

Fossilized dinosaur brain tissue identified for the first time

SCIENCEDAILY - 02 November 2016

Researchers have identified the first known example of fossilized brain tissue in a dinosaur from Sussex. The tissues resemble those seen in modern crocodiles and birds

Early humans used innovative heating techniques to make stone blades

SCIENCEDAILY - 24 October 2016

Humans living in South Africa in the Middle Stone Age used advanced heating techniques that vastly improved living conditions during the era.

Medieval cities not so different from modern European cities

SCIENCEDAILY - 17 October 2016

Modern European cities and medieval cities share a population-density-to-area relationship, a new paper concludes – the latest research to find regularities in human settlement patterns across space and time.

New evidence shifts the timeline back for human arrival in the Americas

SCIENCEDAILY - 04 October 2016

Humans occupied South America earlier than previously thought, according to the recent discovery of ancient artifacts found at an archeological site in Argentina.

Researchers identify oldest textile dyed indigo, reflecting scientific knowledge from 6,200 years ago

SCIENCEDAILY - 20 September 2016

A 6,200-year-old indigo-blue fabric from Huaca, Peru has been found by a researcher, making it one of the oldest-known cotton textiles in the world and the oldest known textile decorated with indigo blue.

Life history of the 360-million-year-old tetrapod Acanthostega rewrites the tetrapod move to land

SCIENCEDAILY - 13 September 2016

Researchers have shown that fossils of the 360 million-year-old tetrapod Acanthostega, one of the iconic transitional forms between fishes and land animals, are not adults but all juveniles. This conclusion based on high-resolution synchrotron X-ray scans of fossil limb bones, sheds new light on the life cycle of Acanthostega and the so-called conquest of land by tetrapods.

An exceptional palaeontological site going back 100,000 years is unearthed in Arrasate

SCIENCEDAILY - 13 September 2016

An important site containing at least 40 species reflecting fauna during the Upper Pleistocenewas discovered in 2012 by quarry workers after carrying out a blasting operation. When they spotted the presence of a great many fossil remains in the clay that filled the cave, they halted the works. After confirming the importance of the site, researchers decided in 2013 to carry out an emergency excavation to retrieve the bone remains.

Ancient dental plaque sheds new light on the diet of Mesolithic foragers in the Balkans

SCIENCEDAILY - 05 September 2016

Micro-fossils trapped in dental calculus reveal that Late Mesolithic foragers were consuming domesticated plant foods c. 6600 BC, almost 400 years earlier than previously thought.

Cracking the coldest case: How Lucy, the most famous human ancestor, died

SCIENCEDAILY - 05 September 2016

Lucy, the most famous fossil of a human ancestor, probably died after falling from a tree, according to a new study. Researchers have found that the injury Lucy sustained was consistent with a four-part proximal humerus fracture, caused by a fall from considerable height when the conscious victim stretched out an arm in an attempt to break the fall.

The demise of the Maya civilization: Water shortage can destroy cultures

SCIENCEDAILY - 31 August 2016

Water reservoirs provide relief during short periods of drought. They can, however, make a society even more vulnerable to major catastrophes, if the population keeps growing without changing their habits. New models suggest that this could have caused the demise of the Maya civilization.

Archaeology team makes world-first tool discovery

SCIENCEDAILY - 14 August 2016

How smart were human-like species of the Stone Age? New research reveals surprisingly sophisticated adaptations by early humans living 250,000 years ago in a former oasis near Azraq, Jordan.

Neanderthals in Germany: First population peak, then sudden extinction

SCIENCEDAILY - 26 July 2016

Neanderthals once populated the entire European continent. Around 45,000 years ago, Homo neanderthalensis was the predominant human species in Europe. Archaeological findings show that there were also several settlements in Germany. However, the era of the Neanderthal came to an end quite suddenly. Based on an analysis of the known archaeological sites comes to the conclusion that Neanderthals reached their population peak right before their population rapidly declined and they eventually became extinct.

Paleontology: Aftermath of a mass extinction

SCIENCEDAILY - 26 July 2016

A new study of fossil fishes from Middle Triassic sediments on the shores of Lake Lugano provides new insights into the recovery of biodiversity following the great mass extinction event at the Permo-Triassic boundary 240 million years ago.

Ancient rocks reveal how Earth recovered from mass extinction

SCIENCEDAILY - 26 July 2016

Scientists have shed light on why life on Earth took millions of years to recover from the greatest mass extinction of all time.

What the world’s oldest calculator tells us about the Ancient Greeks' view of the Universe

Ancient Origins - 25 July 2016

When we talk of the history of computers, most of us will refer to the evolution of the modern digital desktop PC, charting the decades-long developments by the likes of Apple and Microsoft. What many don’t consider, however, is that computers have been around much longer. In fact, they date back millennia, to a time when they were analogue creations.

The success of the plant-eating dinosaurs

SCIENCEDAILY - 18 July 2016

Plant-eating dinosaurs had several bursts of evolution, and these were all kicked off by innovations in their teeth and jaws, new research has found.

The success of the plant-eating dinosaurs

SCIENCEDAILY - 17 July 2016

Plant-eating dinosaurs had several bursts of evolution, and these were all kicked off by innovations in their teeth and jaws, new research has found.

Our ancestors evolved faster after dinosaur extinction

SCIENCEDAILY - 01 July 2016

Our ancestors evolved three times faster in the 10 million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs than in the previous 80 million years, according to researchers. The team found the speed of evolution of placental mammals -- a group that today includes nearly 5000 species including humans -- was constant before the extinction event but exploded after, resulting in the varied groups of mammals we see today.

Previously unknown global ecological disaster discovered

SCIENCEDAILY - 01 July 2016

There have been several mass extinctions in the history of the earth with adverse consequences for the environment. Researchers have now uncovered another disaster that took place around 250 million years ago and completely changed the prevalent vegetation during the Lower Triassic.

BREAKING NEWS: Enormous Monument Over 2,000 Years Old Discovered in Petra

Ancient Origins - 23 June 2016

Archaeologists in Jordan have made an incredible find at the World Heritage site of Petra. A massive ceremonial platform measuring 184ft (56m) by 161ft (49m), which ‘has no parallels’ in the ancient city, was discovered just half a mile from the city center using high-tech satellite scanners.

World's oldest axe fragment found in Australia

SCIENCEDAILY - 15 May 2016

Australian archaeologists have discovered a piece of the world's oldest axe in the remote Kimberley region of Western Australia.

The genetic history of Ice Age Europe

SCIENCEDAILY - 11 May 2016

Analyses of ancient DNA from prehistoric humans paint a picture of dramatic population change in Europe from 45,000 to 7,000 years ago, according to a new study. The new genetic data reveal two big changes in prehistoric human populations that are closely linked to the end of the last Ice Age around 19,000 years ago.

Teeth vs. tools: Neandertals and Homo sapiens had different dietary strategies

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 May 2016

Over hundreds of thousands of years, the Neandertal lineage developed successfully in western Eurasia and survived severe fluctuations between colder and warmer climactic cycles of the Ice Age. The Neandertals disappeared at the high point of the last glacial period around 40 thousand years ago, at approximately the same time that modern humans migrated into Europe.

Mammal-like reptile survived much longer than thought

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 May 2016

Researchers have uncovered dozens of fossilized teeth in Kuwajima, Japan, and identified this as a new species of tritylodontid, an animal family that links the evolution of mammals from reptiles. The finding suggests that tritylodontids co-existed with some of the earliest mammal species for millions of years, overturning beliefs that mammals wiped out mammal-like reptiles soon after they emerged

A curious exodus from Europe for Mesozoic dinosaurs

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 May 2016

Researchers have used 'network theory' for the first time to visually depict the movement of dinosaurs around the world during the Mesozoic Era -- including a curious exodus from Europe.

Giant dinosaurs hatched with adult-like proportions

SCIENCEDAILY - 26 April 2016

Analysis of a new dinosaur fossil suggests that the largest species ever known to walk the Earth was born with adult-like proportions, perhaps allowing it to be more independent than some other species of dinosaur.

Dinosaurs 'already in decline' before asteroid apocalypse

SCIENCEDAILY - 26 April 2016

Dinosaurs were already in an evolutionary decline tens of millions of years before the meteorite impact that finally finished them off, new research has found.

DNA Suggests Yiddish Began on the Silk Road

ancient origins - 23 April 2016

For decades, linguists have questioned the origin of Yiddish, the millennium-old language of Ashkenazic Jews. Now, the Geographic Population Structure (GPS), which converts DNA data into its ancestral coordinates, has helped scientists determine that the DNA of Yiddish speakers could have originated from four ancient villages in northeastern Turkey.

Researchers identify 300 million year-old ‘Tully Monster’ was a vertebrate

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 15 April 2016

A 300-million-year-old fossil mystery has been solved by a research team led by the University of Leicester, which has identified that the ancient 'Tully Monster' was a vertebrate -- due to the unique characteristics of its eyes.

Oldest glass production kilns found in Israel

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 April 2016

An extraordinary archaeological discovery was revealed in an excavation of the Israel Antiquities Authority prior to the construction of a road being built at the initiative of the Netivei Israel Company. During the excavation, carried out as part of the Jezreel Valley Railway Project between Ha-‘Emekim Junction and Yagur Junction, remains of the oldest kilns in Israel were discovered where commercial quantities of raw glass were produced Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2016/04/oldest-glass-production-kilns-found-in.html Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

How an ancient civilization conserved water

SCIENCEDAILY - 11 April 2016

High-resolution, aerial imagery bears significance for researchers on the ground investigating how remote, ancient Maya civilizations used and conserved water.

Indonesian 'Hobbits' may have died out sooner than thought

SCIENCEDAILY - 05 April 2016

An ancient species of pint-sized humans discovered in the tropics of Indonesia may have met their demise earlier than once believed, according to scientists who reinvestigated the original finding. The group challenges reports that these inhabitants of remote Flores island co-existed with modern humans for tens of thousands of years.

How diet shaped human evolution

SCIENCEDAILY - 05 April 2016

A new study finds that the Ice-Age diet -- a high-protein intake of large animals -- triggered physical changes in Neanderthals, namely a larger ribcage and a wider pelvis.

Text in lost language may reveal god or goddess worshipped by Etruscans at ancient temple

SCIENCEDAILY - 05 April 2016

Archaeologists in Italy have discovered what may be a rare Etruscan sacred text likely to yield rich details about Etruscan worship and early beliefs of a lost culture fundamental to western traditions. The lengthy text is on a large 6th century sandstone slab uncovered from an Etruscan temple, say investigators.

Analysis of nuclear DNA from Sima de los Huesos hominins provides evidence of their relationship to Neanderthals

SCIENCEDAILY - 21 March 2016

Previous analyses of the hominins from Sima de los Huesos in 2013 showed that their maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA was distantly related to Denisovans, extinct relatives of Neanderthals in Asia. This was unexpected since their skeletal remains carry Neanderthals-derived features. Researchers have since worked on sequencing nuclear DNA from fossils from the cave, a challenging task as the extremely old DNA is degraded to very short fragments. The results now show that the Sima de los Huesos hominins were indeed early Neanderthals.

The fossilized remains of a new horse-sized dinosaur reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex and its close relatives became top predators.

SCIENCEDAILY - 21 March 2016

This is a life reconstruction of the new tyrannosaur Timurlengia euotica in its environment 90 million years ago. It is accompanied by two flying reptiles (Azhdarcho longicollis). The fossilized remains of a new horse-sized dinosaur, Timurlengia euotica, reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex and its close relatives became top predators, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Scientists have studied the Neanderthals' diet. Based on the isotope composition in the collagen from the prehistoric humans' bones, they were able to show that, while the Neanderthals' diet consisted primarily of large plant eaters such at mammoths and r

sciences et avenir - 21 March 2016

Scientists from the Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (HEP) in Tübingen have studied the Neanderthals' diet

Paleontologists discover 250-million-year-old new species of reptile in Brazil

SCIENCEDAILY - 14 March 2016

A new fossil reptile that lived 250 million years ago in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southernmost Brazil has been discovered by an international team of researchers. The species has been identified from a mostly complete and well preserved fossil skull.

New species of 'sail-backed' dinosaur found in Spain

SCIENCEDAILY - 21 December 2015

In a new study, scientists describe a 'sail-backed' dinosaur species named Morelladon beltrani, which inhabited the Iberian landmass approximately 125 million years ago.

Well-preserved skeleton reveals the ecology and evolution of early carnivorous mammals

SCIENCEDAILY - 11 December 2015

Prior to the rise of modern day mammalian carnivores, North America was dominated by a now extinct group of mammalian carnivores, hyaenodontids. Fossils of hyaenodontids are relatively common from the early Eocene, but most are specimens of teeth. A new find of a nearly complete skeleton has allowed for a more detailed study of the ecology and evolutionary relationships of these early carnivores.

Ancient trade routes between Bronze Age Iran and Mesopotamia uncovered

SCIENCEDAILY - 11 December 2015

Archaeologists have found evidence of raw materials trade between Bronze Age Iran and Mesopotamia.

Paleolithic elephant butchering site found in Greece

SCIENCEDAILY - 28 November 2015

A new Lower Paleolithic elephant butchering site has been discovered in Megalopolis, Greece. The site has yielded stratified stone artifacts in association with a nearly complete skeleton of Elephas antiquus.

Could There be a Third Bamiyan Buddha, Hidden for Centuries?

ancient origins - 25 November 2015

One of the most tragic examples of religious iconoclasm in recent history is the destruction of the two giant standing statues of Buddha by the Taliban in March 2001. These were the famed Buddhas of Bamiyan, which were carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamiyan Valley, in the Hazarajat province of central Afghanistan.

The Extensive Indus Valley Sites of Gujarat

ancient origins - 22 November 2015

The Indus Valley Civilization is believed to have existed between the 3rd and 2nd millenniums BC. This civilization covered an area of around 1,210,000 square km (467,183.6 square mi). As a comparison, the area that was occupied by the Mesopotamian civilization between the Tigris and Euphrates during the 3rd millennium BC was around 65,000 square km (25,096.6 square mi), whilst the areas of the ancient Egyptian civilization that were cultivated, i.e. the Nile Valley, only amounted to 34,440 square km (13,297.4 square mi).

Significant underwater antiquities found in Greece

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 20 November 2015

A team of marine geophysicists from the Laboratory of Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography at the University of Patras, Greece, has completed a marine geophysical and hydrographic survey off Methoni in the southern Peloponnesus. The survey was conducted under the auspices of the Greek Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities (Ministry of Culture and Sports), with support from Kongsberg Maritime.

14,500-Year-Old Stone Engravings: Archaeologists Uncover Earliest Known Art in Britain

ancient origins - 05 November 2015

Examples of the work of Britain’s earliest known artists, rock carvings at least 14,500-years-old, have been discovered on the island of Jersey. One of the pieces will be on display through 2016 in Jersey Museum’s Ice Age Island exhibition.

10,000-year-old frozen lion cubs found in Siberia

sciences et avenir - 30 October 2015

The unprecedented discovery of the ancient predator was made this summer in the Sakha Republic, also known as Yakutia. The cave lions were almost perfectly preserved in permafrost and could be much older.

The fiery world before dinosaurs: New research reveals fires were more common 300 million years ago than today

SCIENCEDAILY - 28 October 2015

Forest fires across the globe were more common between 300 and 250 million years ago than they are today, scientists have discovered. This is thought to be due to higher level of oxygen in the atmosphere at that time.

The Vulture Stone of Gobekli Tepe: The World’s First Pictogram?

ancient origins - 28 October 2015

An article in the archeology section of the Hürriet Daily News published in July of this year announced the world’s earliest pictogram had been discovered at the archeological site of Göbekli Tepe, southeast Turkey. Though it was not specified what example was being referred to, it is clear that Müslüm Ercan, Director of the Șanliurfa Museum, was referencing a scene depicted on the west-facing side of Pillar 43 of Enclosure D. Pillar 43 is known more widely as the ‘vulture stone’. Not long after, the UK’s Daily Mail picked up the story and had me say that I thought the disk, or orb, seen above the vulture’s extended left wing showed the sun. While this is not untrue, the following remarks clarify why I believe this to be the case.

Archaeologists identify Temple of Hatshepsut, the female Pharaoh the ancients tried to erase

ancient origins - 27 October 2015

King Thutmose III, sixth Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty in Ancient Egypt, tried to erase all memory of Hatshepsut, the “Woman Who Was King”, but he was unsuccessful as traces of this powerful female Pharaoh have remained. Now more evidence of her reign has been found, as archaeologists have discovered a temple with inscriptions to Hatshepsut.

Exploring the Origins of the Vandals, The Great Destroyers

ancient origins - 26 October 2015

The word vandal today may be defined as a person who deliberately destroys or damages property. Historically speaking, a Vandal was “a member of a Germanic people who lived in the area south of the Baltic Sea between the Vistula and the Oder rivers, overran Gaul, Spain, and northern Africa in the fourth and fifth centuries AD, and in 455 sacked Rome.” It is said that due to this infamous ‘sacking of Rome’ in 455 AD, the word ‘vandal’ was later used to describe people who destroyed or damaged property.

Sun-warmed dinosaurs may have been surprisingly good sprinters

SCIENCEDAILY - 14 October 2015

Were dinosaurs really fast, aggressive hunters like the ones depicted in the movie 'Jurassic World'? Or did they have lower metabolic rates that made them move more like today's alligators and crocodiles? New research indicates that some dinosaurs, at least, had the capacity to elevate their body temperature using heat sources in the environment, such as the sun.

'Super Stonehenge': Super circle of stones surround existing monument

SCIENCEDAILY - 13 September 2015

The Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project team has discovered evidence for a row of up to 90 standing stones, some of which may have originally measured up to 4.5 meters in height. Many of these stones have survived because they were pushed over and the massive bank of the later henge raised over the recumbent stones or the pits in which they stood. Hidden for millennia, only the use of cutting edge technologies has allowed archaeologists to reveal their presence without the need for excavation.

Unique writing system uncovered at Georgian site

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 August 2015

Archaeologists of Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU) have discovered a one line inscription of as yet unknown Georgian writing, dating back 2700 years on the altar pedestal of the 7th century BC temple dedicated to a fertility goddess at the Grakliani Hill, in the eastern Kaspi region

New species of horned dinosaur with 'bizarre' features revealed

SCIENCEDAILY - 09 June 2015

About 10 years ago, someone stumbled across some bones sticking out of a cliff along the Oldman River in southeastern Alberta, Canada. Now, scientists describe that those bones belonged to a nearly intact skull of a very unusual horned dinosaur -- a close relative of the familiar Triceratops that had been unknown to science until now.

Australian fossil forces rethink on our ancestors' emergence onto land

SCIENCEDAILY - 09 June 2015

A fossil's age raises the possibility that the first animals to emerge from the water to live on land were large tetrapods in Gondwana in the southern hemisphere, rather than smaller species in Europe.

Mollusk shells: Modern humans inhabited Near East at least 45,900 years ago, colonized Europe from there

SCIENCEDAILY - 09 June 2015

New high precision radiocarbon dates of mollusk shells show that modern humans occupied the Near East at least 45,900 years ago and colonized Europe from there.

Lethal wounds on skull may indicate 430,000 year-old murder

SCIENCEDAILY - 01 June 2015

Research into lethal wounds found on a human skull may indicate one of the first cases of murder in human history--some 430,000 years ago--and offers evidence of the earliest funerary practices in the archaeological record.

New human ancestor species from Ethiopia lived alongside Lucy's species

SCIENCEDAILY - 01 June 2015

A new relative joins 'Lucy' on the human family tree. Scientists have discovered a 3.3 to 3.5 million-year-old new human ancestor species. Upper and lower jaw fossils recovered from the Woranso-Mille area of the Afar region of Ethiopia have been assigned to the new species Australopithecus deyiremeda. This hominin lived alongside the famous 'Lucy's' species, Australopithecus afarensis.

World's oldest stone tools challenge ideas about first toolmakers

SCIENCEDAILY - 27 May 2015

Scientists working in the desert of northwestern Kenya have found stone tools dating back 3.3 million years, long before the advent of modern humans, and by far the oldest such artifacts yet discovered. The tools push the known date of such tools back by 700,000 years; they also may challenge the notion that our own most direct ancestors were the first to bang two rocks together to create a new technology.

Findings indicate existence of Neanderthals on Greek island of Naxos

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 May 2015

Did Neanderthals exist on Naxos island? Most probably, according to new research in Stelida, situated three km northwest of the capital of Naxos at a very developed tourist area.

Ancient shipyard used by Admiral Zheng He may lie beneath construction site

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 May 2015

Experts estimate that a construction site in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, where hundreds of shipbuilding tools have been unearthed, contains the remains of a shipyard that built vessels for one of China's greatest navigators, Zheng He. The admiral lived from 1371 to 1433.

Did the asteroid impact that killed the dinosaurs also cause the extinction of marine molluscs?

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 14 May 2015

New research, led by the University of Southampton, has questioned the role played by ocean acidification, produced by the asteroid impact that killed the dinosaurs, in the extinction of ammonites and other planktonic calcifiers 66 million years ago.

Unique fish fossils identified in Kenya

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 03 May 2015

A team of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich has identified the first fossil specimens of a major group of killifishes that is widely distributed in freshwater habitats today. The 6-million-year-old material sheds new light on the evolution of the bony fishes.

Scientists discover new species of dinosaur in Siberia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 31 March 2015

Scientists from Tomsk State University believe they have found a new species of dinosaur after painstaking work to examine bones discovered in 2008.

Oldest evidence of breast cancer found

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 March 2015

A team from a Spanish university has discovered what Egyptian authorities are calling the world's oldest evidence of breast cancer in the 4,200-year-old skeleton of an adult woman.

Fossil skull sheds new light on transition from water to land

SCIENCEDAILY - 23 March 2015

The first 3-D reconstruction of the skull of a 360-million-year-old near-ancestor of land vertebrates has been created. The 3-D skull, which differs from earlier 2-D reconstructions, suggests such creatures, which lived their lives primarily in shallow water environments, were more like modern crocodiles than previously thought.

Ring from Viking town found to have Islamic inscription

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 18 March 2015

More than a century after its discovery in a ninth century woman’s grave, an engraved ring has revealed evidence of close contacts between Viking Age Scandinavians and the Islamic world.

Mystery deepens over Amphipolis tomb

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 18 March 2015

A geologist who took part in the excavation of the ancient burial mound in Amphipolis in northern Greece says the ancient tomb found together with a series of vaulted rooms wasn't built at the same time, but somewhat later than the rooms themselves.

Excavation reveals ancient town and burial complex in Diros Bay, Greece

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 March 2015

Recent research has uncovered the remains of an ancient town and burial complex that date to the Neolithic and Bronze Age. In addition to the Neolithic 'spooning' couple that has been highlighted in recent news articles, the team also uncovered several other burials and the remains of an ancient village that suggest the bay was an important center in ancient times.

Discovery of 2.8-million-year-old jaw sheds light on early humans

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 March 2015

For decades, scientists have been searching for African fossils documenting the earliest phases of the Homo lineage, but specimens recovered from the critical time interval between 3 and 2.5 million years ago have been frustratingly few and often poorly preserved. However, a fossil lower jaw found in the Ledi-Geraru research area, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia, pushes back evidence for the human genus -- Homo -- to 2.8 million years ago.

When age matters: precise dating of ancient charcoal found near skull is helping reveal unique period in prehistory

SCIENCEDAILY - 06 March 2015

The precise dating of ancient charcoal found near a skull is helping reveal a unique period in prehistory. The Manot Cave, a natural limestone formation, had been sealed for some 15,000 years. It was discovered by a bulldozer clearing the land for development, and the first to find the partial skull, which was sitting on a ledge, were spelunkers exploring the newly-opened cave. Five excavation seasons uncovered a rich deposit, with stone tools and stratified occupation levels covering a period of time from at least 55,000 to 27,000 years ago.

How were fossil tracks made by Early Triassic swimming reptiles so well preserved?

SCIENCEDAILY - 02 March 2015

That swim tracks made by tetrapods occur in high numbers in deposits from the Early Triassic is well known. What is less clear is why the tracks are so abundant and well preserved. Paleontologists have now determined that a unique combination of factors in Early Triassic delta systems resulted in the production and unusually widespread preservation of the swim tracks: delayed ecologic recovery, depositional environments, and tetrapod swimming behavior.

Forensic analysis reveals Pharaoh was killed in battle

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 01 March 2015

In collaboration with the Ministry of Antiquities, The University of Pennsylvania team discovered new evidence on the life and death of pharaoh Senebkay who founded the 16th Dynasty of the Second Intermediate Period

Earliest-known arboreal and subterranean ancestral mammals discovered

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 February 2015

The fossils of two interrelated ancestral mammals, newly discovered in China, suggest that the wide-ranging ecological diversity of modern mammals had a precedent more than 160 million years ago

Islamic coins found in Viking grave from Norway

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 18 February 2015

In August 2014 a hobby archaeologist found a Viking Age sword with metal detector in a field in Skaun, just south of Trondheim in Central Norway. Now, archaeologists have examined the finding and have some exciting news about the owner.

Ancient tablets displayed in Jerusalem fuel looting debate

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 February 2015

At first glance, the ancient Babylonian tablets on exhibit for the first time at a Jerusalem museum look like nothing more than pockmarked lumps of clay.

Swimming reptiles make their mark in the Early Triassic

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 11 February 2015

Vertebrate tracks provide valuable information about animal behavior and environments. Swim tracks are a unique type of vertebrate track because they are produced underwater by buoyant trackmakers, and specific factors are required for their production and subsequent preservation. Early Triassic deposits contain the highest number of fossil swim track occurrences worldwide compared to other epochs, and this number becomes even greater when epoch duration and rock outcrop area are taken into account.

Archaeologists use airborne lasers to solve mystery of Angkor's demise

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 11 February 2015

A team of University of Sydney archaeologists, led by Dr Damian Evans, have used groundbreaking laser imaging to map central Angkor and to help identify how unstable climate change damaged the city's water system and contributed to its demise. Their groundbreaking work is the subject of a new SBS documentary.

Prehistoric caves found in Papua

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 February 2015

The Archaeology Office of Jayapura has in its research found prehistoric caves used to be inhabited by prehistoric people in the Karst hilly areas of Lake Sentani, Jayapura, Papua, a researcher said.

Magna Carta originals reunited for anniversary

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 February 2015

Four surviving original copies of the Magna Carta are on display in London as Britain begins 800th anniversary celebrations of the globally significant contract.

Ancient Texas pictograph mystery solved

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 06 February 2015

Among the mysteries of how ancient people created structures to mark the solstice and equinox with astonishing accuracy, this one is central: How did they determine the dates of those astronomical events?

Face of Siberian tattooed princess finally revealed

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 02 February 2015

Taxidermy expert uses painstaking techniques to create first ever replica of the ice maiden found preserved in the Siberian high altitude plateau.

Middle Triassic fossils reveal how flying fish started to glide

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 January 2015

Modern flying fish are remarkable for leaping from the water to glide in the air using long, winglike fins, presumably to escape aquatic predators. This extraordinary gliding strategy, unlike those in terrestrial gliders, is energetically very expensive and has otherwise been hypothesized to occur only in a single stem group of the Neopterygii, the Thoracopteridae from the Late Triassic of Austria and Italy and Middle Triassic of South China. The evolutionary origin of the overwater gliding strategy was poorly known in the thoracopterids, since there is little in the way of missing-link fossils to illuminate how these fish evolved flight.

Graeco-Roman necropolis uncovered in Alexandria

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 25 January 2015

Illegal excavations carried out by tombs raiders underneath a residential house in Alexandria have uncovered a Graeco-Roman necropolis.

Carnivorous reptile that preceded dinosaurs is crocodile cousin

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 25 January 2015

Finding a new species of dinosaur is pretty rare. Getting a hand in the discovery and naming of one -- that's rarer still.

Fossil ankles indicate Earth’s earliest primates lived in trees

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 22 January 2015

Earth’s earliest primates have taken a step up in the world, now that researchers have gotten a good look at their ankles.

DNA tests suggest Kennewick Man was Native American

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 22 January 2015

Nearly two decades after the ancient skeleton called Kennewick Man was discovered on the banks of the Columbia River, the mystery of his origins appears to be nearing resolution.

Stone Age artefacts found in Norway's melting glaciers

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 January 2015

Around 7,000 years ago the Earth was enjoying a warm climate. Now glaciers and patches of perennial ice in the high mountains of Southern Norway have started to melt again, revealing ancient layers.

Dinosaurs wiped out rapidly in Europe 66 million years ago

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 January 2015

Dinosaurs flourished in Europe right up until the asteroid impact that wiped them out 66 million years ago, a new study shows.

Two-faced fish suggests last common ancestor of jawed vertebrates was not shark-like

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 January 2015

An investigation of a 415 million year-old fish skull strongly suggests that the last common ancestor of all jawed vertebrates, including humans, was not very shark-like. It adds further weight to the growing idea that sharks are not 'primitive'.

Buddhist artefacts discovered in central China

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 January 2015

Archaeologists have discovered five precious sariras, believed to be collected from the cremated ashes of Buddhist masters, at an ancient tomb in central China's Hubei Province.

Ancient Egyptian fortress unearthed in Sinai

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 January 2015

The 3,000 year-old ruins and foundations of the largest known fortress in Egypt were unearthed at the ancient fortified city of Tell Habua near the Suez Canal, said Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al- Damaty Saturday.

Rapid desertification may have destroyed China's first kingdom

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 January 2015

The first known Chinese kingdom may have been destroyed when its lands rapidly transformed into deserts, possibly driving its people into the rest of China, a new study finds.

Massive dinosaur fossils found in SW China

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 January 2015

Chinese palaeontologists have unearthed many dinosaur fossils in Huili county of Southwest China's Sichuan province, the West China Metropolis Daily reported Monday.

Tomb of Fifth Dynasty queen discovered near Cairo

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 January 2015

Czech archaeologists have unearthed the tomb of a previously unknown queen believed to have been the wife of Pharaoh Neferefre who ruled 4,500 years ago, officials in Egypt say.

More on Highest altitude archaeological sites in the world explored in the Peruvian Andes

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 January 2015

Archaeologists say they’ve found the highest-known remains of Ice Age human settlements in the southern Peruvian Andes, dated to more than 12,000 years old.

Tomb of Osiris unearthed in Theban necropolis

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 05 January 2015

A tomb complex has been discovered in the necropolis at the West Bank of Thebes, complete with multiple shafts and chambers, say archaeologists.

Tram works unearth piece of Scottish prehistory

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 05 January 2015

Evidence of Edinburgh’s first farmers has been unearthed as part of a 6,000-year slice of Edinburgh’s history revealed by construction of its tram line, archaeologists have discovered.

Archaeologists reveal contents of 1,600-year-old Roman child coffin -

The Ancient Origins - 05 January 2015

A young girl’s body buried in the English countryside 1,600 years ago was a major find in 2013 because, archaeologists say, children of her age may not have been considered to have achieved full personhood because so many died so young. Many children of that time were buried in a simple burial shroud and their remains are rarely found. However, this child had been laid in a lead-lined coffin. Now new tests have also revealed the presence of the frankincense, olive oil and pistachio resin in the Roman-era grave. -

After Decades of Searching, the Causeway for the Great Pyramid of Egypt has been Found -

The Ancient Origins - 05 January 2015

Dozens of foreign missions carried out over three decades using the latest high-tech instruments failed to find the causeway of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Now, unexpectedly, the passage has finally been located by a local resident living near the Giza Plateau, who was illegally digging beneath his home when he discovered a tunnel leading to the Pyramid of Khufu, the largest of the three pyramids in Giza. -

Long hidden Iron Age castle revealed in 3,000-year-old ruins in Van Province, Turkey -

The Ancient Origins - 05 January 2015

The province of Van in Turkey is home to many amazing fortresses, castles and relics of the ancient past. Researchers have now located the site of castle ruins in Van, Turkey, near Hoşap Castle (pictured), which date back to the early Iron Age. -

Hoard of 5,000 Anglo Saxon coins worth over $1.5 million discovered by metal detectorists on Christmas dig -

The Ancient Origins - 05 January 2015

Amateur treasure hunters struck it rich when they unearthed a massive hoard of more than 5,000 silver coins during a Christmas gathering on farmland near Lenborough in Buckinghamshire, England. The coins date back more than 1,000 years and are believed to be worth more than £1 million (US$1.5 million). The discovery is among the largest hoards of Anglo Saxon coins ever found in Britain.

Fish fossil with well-preserved retina sheds light on colour vision

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 December 2014

A fish eye from a primitive time when Earth was but one single continent, has yielded evidence of color vision dating back at least 300 million years, researchers said Tuesday.

4,000 year old house found at Baghpat village offers rare clue to Harappan habitation

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 December 2014

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), in excavations carried out at Chandyan village in Baghpat, have found remnants of a house that corresponds to the late Harappan period. The discovery is important since, according to archaeologists, this is the first time evidence of habitation pertaining to that period has been found in the Upper Doab region between Ganga and Yamuna.

Massive 'underground city' discovered in Cappadocia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 December 2014

With 2014 soon coming to an end, potentially the year’s biggest archaeological discovery of an underground city has come from Turkey’s Central Anatolian province of Nevşehir [[Cappadocia]], which is known world-wide for its Fairy Chimneys rock formation.

Oldest stone tool ever found in Turkey discovered

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

Scientists have discovered the oldest recorded stone tool ever to be found in Turkey, revealing that humans passed through the gateway from Asia to Europe much earlier than previously thought, approximately 1.2 million years ago.

Ancient synagogue unearthed in Magdala

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

An ancient synagogue unearthed on the shoreline of the Sea of Galilee may have been a temple where Jesus preached, according to the Christian organisation that owns the site.

Mysterious pre-Columbian spheres on show in Costa Rican capital

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

The mysterious pre-Columbian spheres and other objects from an area in southern Costa Rica declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO can now be seen at in an exhibition in San Jose.

Mystery of the grave at Mazury lake solved

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

Almost 15 years ago, archaeologists studied burial ground located on an ancient island on the lake Łańskie. Objects found in the graves and their forms indicated that the dead belonged to the farming community living in the third millennium BC. However, the dates determined with the help of specialized methods were older by almost 1000 years, which caused consternation. Had the first shepherds reached Mazury so early?

Prehistoric site spotted in Nalgonda

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

The Department of Archaeology has identified a rare pre-historic period habitation near Pazzur village of Thipparthi mandal in Nalgonda district. Retired senior caretaker, A. Bhanu Murthy and Technical Assistant P. Nagaraju visited the site, locally called as Pati, couple of days ago and found some antiquities like ornamental beads, spool, couple of grinding stones, red ware and black ware pottery, decorated red ware and part of rim of a storage pot at the site.

The site of ancient Sizhou city rediscovered

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 December 2014

Chinese archaeologists have completed excavating the site of the ancient city of Sizhou in Xuyi county in East China's Jiangsu province.

Archaeologist to delve into Viking presence in Spain -

The Ancient Origins - 23 December 2014

Many people do not realize how far and wide the Vikings of the 8th to 11th centuries ranged. They voyaged from their homelands in Scandinavia, north and west to Iceland and Vinland and south down the Atlantic Coast and into the Mediterranean and Black Sea and up into Eastern Europe and Russia. -

13,800-year-old Haida site found underwater in Canada -

The Ancient Origins - 23 December 2014

Estimates of people’s presence in the Americas have ranged from about 12,000 to 50,000 years. A new study by a team of archaeologists that has been researching the subject, has found a site dating back 13,800 years, now underwater in the Juan Perez Sound off British Columbia in Canada. -

2,500-year-old Siberian Ice Maiden will finally be laid to rest in her homeland -

The Ancient Origins - 23 December 2014

The Siberian Ice Maiden, also known as the Princess of Ukok and the Altai Princess of Ochi-Bala, is a 2,500-year-old mummy of a woman found in 1993 in a kurgan (mound) of the Pazyryk culture in the Republic of Altai, Russia. It was considered to be among the most significant archaeological findings in Russia of the late 20th century. The indigenous people of Altai have been campaigning for years to rebury her remains, and now this wish may finally become a reality with plans presented for the construction of a special monument in her honor. -

Stonehenge dig finds 6,000 year old encampment

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 21 December 2014

The earliest Mesolithic encampment at Stonehenge has been discovered in a University of Buckingham archaeological dig and it will reveal for the first time how Britain’s oldest ancestors lived – but it could be damaged if Government plans for a tunnel at Stonehenge go ahead.

Asteroid that wiped out dinosaurs may have nearly knocked off mammals, too

Noticias de la ciencias y la tecnologia - 21 December 2014

The extinction of the dinosaurs 66 million years ago is thought to have paved the way for mammals to dominate, but a new study shows that many mammals died off alongside the dinosaurs.

7,500-year-old underwater village may have been oldest olive oil production center in the world -

The Ancient Origins - 13 December 2014

An underwater excavation site off of Haifa, Israel, has revealed a 7,500-year-old water well and Neolithic village. The finds are from a pre-metal and pre-pottery settlement that lived on the Kfar Samir site. This lost Levantine village is now 5 meters (16 feet) underwater due to prehistoric sea-level rise, drowning out what may have been the oldest olive oil production center of the world. The research team from Flinders University in Australia, Israel’s University of Haifa and the Israel Antiquities Authority, has been excavating the submerged structures in the area and using leading-edge photogrammetry, in the hopes of gleaning insights into the ancient society that once thrived there; what they ate, how they hunted, and who they traded with. Dr. Benjamin (left) and the Haifa University team clear away sands at the excavation site Dr. Benjamin (left) and the Haifa University team clear away sands at the excavation site. Credit: J. McCarthy. The well is thought to have supplied fresh water to the village. According to Flinders University maritime archaeologist Jonathan Benjamin, “Water wells are valuable to Neolithic archaeology because once they stopped serving their intended purpose, people used them as big rubbish bins.” Once sea levels began to rise the fresh well water became salty, and the villagers used it instead for their refuse, throwing in animal bones and food scraps. “This is superb for archaeologists because it means we can look through the refuse of prehistoric societies – including animal bones, plant fibers and tools – to see how these ancient civilizations lived, how they hunted and what they ate,” Benjamin says. Science and research website Phys.org reports that core sample results from the Kfar Samir site will give a clearer picture on the early Mediterranean diet, and the trade of the village. Researchers are expecting to find stone tools rather than metal, and needles made of bone, as well as seeds, plant fibers, and other organic material. Benjamin notes that the location may have been the oldest olive oil production center of the world, based on previous excavations. A study in the Journal of Archaeological Science describes the thousands of crushed olive stones and early olive-oil production technology found in pits at the prehistoric site in the 1990s. A water well submerged at the Kfar Samir archaeological site A water well submerged at the Kfar Samir archaeological site. Credit: Israel Antiquities Authority Leading-edge photogrammetry was used by the research team and Wessex Archaeology, in developing a “mosaic” of photographs, and a 3-D model of the well. Photogrammetry, determining measurements and exact positions using photographs, is not a new science, however its use is expanding into new underwater frontiers. Benjamin describes the technique in a statement, writing that it’s “not just about creating a pretty picture – for maritime archaeologists it’s a tool that we can use to study the site and make archaeological interpretations. We can spend a few minutes under water, but hours on land analysing the material in very fine detail.” To archaeologists and historians, the Levantine coast’s contribution to the world’s ancient history is vital. Research will continue on this and other ancient sites off Haifa, as sea levels continue to change over time, and more prehistoric areas and ancient finds are revealed. Featured image: Diver at Atlit Yam well, another ancient submerged Neolithic site off the coast of Haifa, Israel. Credit: Israel Antiquities Authority By Liz Leafloor Section: News History & Archaeology Tags: underwater archaeology Kfar Samir Haifa israel divers water well Neolithic village olive oil Ads by Adblade From The Web The best TV couples of the world The Top 5 Largest Aircraft in the World Top 10 Motorcycles of the Future Shocking Changes Of Hollywood Stars Top 5 Unnecessary Inventions You won't believe what this airline did with his luggage! Comments Zeek Wolfe wrote on 13 December, 2014 - 01:14 Permalink I'm a little confused and maybe someone can help. If the Levantine village was at sea level 7500 years ago and is now 5 meters submerged, then who can we blame for the this global warming? The last ice age ended about 10 thousand years ago. Do you think this sea rise might just be a natural event independant of human behaviour? Greenland was warm 8 hundred years ago with farmers making a living from cattle and agriculture. Its gotten real cold since then. These events have occured without a coal-fired power plant in sight and, thank God, no left-wing politicians, either. reply pepik wrote on 13 December, 2014 - 10:07 Permalink Try to watch this series: "Cosmos - A Spacetime Odyssey (2014), and especially to your question watch episode 09 "The Lost Worlds of Planet Earth" reply Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest. Your name * E-mail * The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Homepage Notify me when new comments are posted Subject Comment * More information about text formats No HTML tags allowed. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy. 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The finds are from a pre-metal and pre-pottery settlement that lived on the Kfar Samir site. This lost Levantine village is now 5 meters (16 feet) underwater due to prehistoric sea-level rise, drowning out what may have been the oldest olive oil production center of the world. The research team from Flinders University in Australia, Israel’s University of Haifa and the Israel Antiquities Authority, has been excavating the submerged structures in the area and using leading-edge photogrammetry, in the hopes of gleaning insights into the ancient society that once thrived there; what they ate, how they hunted, and who they traded with.

Archaeologists unearth tomb of Queen at the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses II -

The Ancient Origins - 13 December 2014

An Egyptian-French archaeological mission carrying out excavations at the Ramesseum temple on the west bank of Luxor have discovered a tomb dating back more than 3,000 years inscribed with, “the divine wife of God Amun”, an ancient Egyptian title given only to royal wives. The discovery has great historical importance as it sheds more light on the ancient figure, Karomama, whose name was found on statuettes within the tomb. -

Ten Amazing and Mysterious Geoglyphs from the Ancient World -

The Ancient Origins - 13 December 2014

The most well-known geoglyphs in the world are undoubtedly the Nazca Lines of coastal Peru. Yet, scattered across the globe are thousands of other geoglyphs that are equally as impressive. The earth carvings remain one of archaeology’s greatest mysteries. Despite a plethora of research on these amazing creations, the purpose of geoglyphs continues to elude researchers and remains a matter of conjecture. Some scientists believe they are linked to the heavens, representing constellations in the night sky. Other experts believe that the lines played a role in pilgrimage, with one walking across them to reach a sacred place. Yet another idea is that the lines are connected with water, something vital to life yet hard to get in the desert. Here we examine ten alluring geoglyphs from across the planet. -

Evidence of Viking metalworking in Arctic Canada

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

An object that was found by archaeologists a half-century ago has now been recognized as further evidence of a Viking or Mediaeval Norse presence in Arctic Canada during the centuries around 1000 A.D.

Statues unearthed in Karnak temple

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

The Egyptian-French Centre’s archaeological mission has discovered five statues during a routine excavation north of Luxor’s Karnak temple complex, according to Abdel-Hakim Karar, director of the Upper Egypt Antiquities Department.

Fatimid Cemetery in Aswan opened for public

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

Aswan’s Fatimid Cemetery, comprising tombs dating from the seventh to the 12th century A.D., was re-opened to the public after an eight-year renovation, according to the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry.

Ancient balloon-shaped animal fossil sheds light on Earth's ancient seas

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

A rare 520 million year old fossil shaped like a ‘squashed bird’s nest’ that will help to shed new light on life within Earth’s ancient seas has been discovered in China by an international research team – and will honour the memory of a University of Leicester scientist who passed away earlier this year.

Submerged Neolithic village found off Israel coast

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

A 7,500-year-old underwater water well that has been partially excavated from a site on Israel’s Mediterranean coast near Haifa will give important insights into the Neolithic society that once lived there.

Mammoth skeleton hauled from the North Sea

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 12 December 2014

Fossil hunters searching for ancient relics have found the skeleton of a 40,000-year-old woolly mammoth in North Sea.

Rare scenes on ancient Egyptian coffin reveal influence of Persian Empire occupation -

The Ancient Origins - 12 December 2014

A coffin from ancient Egypt has been revealed decorated with rare and unusual art that is not typical of the Egyptian style, demonstrating how much is lost when a civilization loses its most highly qualified and skilled artists. -

The translation of the Gallic faith into the Roman pantheon -

The Ancient Origins - 12 December 2014

The continental neighbors of the Romans, the Gallic tribes were considered barbaric entities which the Republic and Empire attempted to colonize multiple times. Stretching through modern day France and Spain, the Romans came into contact with the Gauls consistently throughout their history, most prominently when Julius Caesar made it his mission to dominate the tribes on the coast of the English Channel. In doing so, he paved the way for two marches on the British Isles, most notably his infamous "crossing the Rubicon," though both times he failed to conquer the Insular Gauls. However, his numerous conquests on the mainland allowed for constant military encampment within the Gallic lands, resulting in a need to bring the Gallic religion under some kind of Roman control. This culminated in what is now known as the Gallo-Roman religion, an amalgamation of the two faiths. -

The Magnificent Step Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara

The Ancient Origins - 12 December 2014

The Great Pyramid of Khufu in Giza is arguably the most famous of all pyramids in Egypt, or in the world for that matter. Yet, this was not the first pyramid that was built by the ancient Egyptians. An earlier Egyptian pyramid was built 4,600 years ago in Saqqara for a 3rd Dynasty pharaoh Netjerikhet, commonly known as Djoser. The person responsible for the design and construction of the pyramid was none other than Imhotep, who served as Djoser’s chancellor. The most noticeable difference between Djoser’s pyramid and that of Khufu is the shape of each structure. Unlike the Great Pyramid, Djoser’s pyramid consisted of six steps, similar to the ziggurats of the ancient Mesopotamian city states, and thus was commonly known as the Step Pyramid of Saqqara.

Xinjiang Khotanese Buddhist wall paintings displayed in Shanghai

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 09 December 2014

An exhibition of Xinjiang Buddhist frescos, Buddhist Vestiges Along the Silk Road: Mural Art from the Damago Site, Hotan, Xinjiang, opened at the Shanghai Museum in East China's Shanghai municipality on Nov 28.

Parthenon sculpture leaves Britain for the first time

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 09 December 2014

The decision of the British Museum to lend one of the Parthenon sculptures to an exhibition at the Hermitage Museum in Russia, has created a storm of reactions. This is how The Telegraph tells the story:

Coligny Calendar: The 1,800-Year-Old Lunisolar calendar banned by the Romans -

The Ancient Origins - 09 December 2014

In 1897, the Gaulish Coligny Calendar was discovered in Coligny, Ain, France. The bronze calendar was found broken into 73 pieces, which together form a 5 foot wide, 3.5 foot high bronze tablet. When assembled, it displays a lunisolar calendar, which follows both moon phases and the time of solar year. It is believed that the calendar, dating back to the 2nd century AD, had been banned by the Romans as it indicated druidic practices.

Ancient sarcophagus belonging to singer of god Amun unearthed in Luxor -

The Ancient Origins - 09 December 2014

A team of Spanish archaeologists have unearthed a sarcophagus during the recent restorations of the tomb of Amenhotep Huy, ruler of Lower Nubia Kush under king Tutankhamun, located at Qurnet Marej in Luxor, Egypt. The sarcophagus is inscribed with hieroglyphics indicating that it belongs to a singer in the temple of Amun. -

The Mighty Wall of Hadrian, Emperor of Rome

The Ancient Origins - 08 December 2014

Built by Emperor Hadrian of the Roman Empire, Hadrian's Wall stretches across the width of England south of its modern border with Scotland. This incredible monument covers over seventy miles (120 km) going from Wallsend on the east coast of England in North Tyneside to the salt marshes of the Solway Estuary in Cumbria on the west coast. It was built in two phases under the direction of Roman Emperor Hadrian, who was among the ‘Five Good Emperors’ of Rome. Hadrian was an extremely prominent Roman Emperor, who reigned from 117 to 138 AD. -

The artistic value of the magnificent sculptures of Amphipolis -

The Ancient Origins - 08 December 2014

Roman writer Pliny the Elder (1st century AD), in his writings about ancient Greek art, said that after the Greek sculptor Lysippus, art ceased to exist (“deinde cessarit ars”). He believed that after the great creations of Lysippus, the personal sculptor of Alexander the Great, what characterized the art of the Hellenistic period was at best a classicized form, a decadent version of the higher classical art.

The Indus Valley Civilization: An ornamented past, revealed in 5,000-year-old artifacts and jewelry -

The Ancient Origins - 08 December 2014

The Indus Valley Civilization was rich with culture and tradition, revealed in its wealth of beautiful, intricate, and elaborate ornaments, jewelry and artifacts. These items and more are on exhibit at India’s Jewellery Gallery of the National Museum in Delhi. -

High-tech pottery center discovered at Bronze Age China site, 3,000 years before Industrial Revolution -

The Ancient Origins - 08 December 2014

This ancient, high-tech center in Henan Province, China was the manufacturing site of the earliest celadon – a very delicate type of Chinese pottery, with a distinctive glaze of pronounced crackle in a white, grey, bluish, or jade-green color. Extremely high temperatures are required in the making of the pottery. Kilns must reach over 1,000 degrees Celsius in order to fire the ceramics, a feat once thought too challenging to accomplish consistently before the industrial revolution. -

Danish Bronze Age glass beads traced to Egypt

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 08 December 2014

An international collaboration between Moesgaard Museum in Aarhus, the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen, and Institut de Recherche sur les Archéomatériaux (IRAMAT) at Orléans, France, has resulted in a sensational discovery about the trade routes between Denmark and the ancient civilisations in Egypt and Mesopotamia in the Bronze Age 3,400 years ago. The discovery also gives us new knowledge about the sun cult in the Nordic Bronze Age.

Prehistoric rock art sites under threat in India

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 08 December 2014

One of the rarest art form of rock paintings discovered in South India is in a nondescript village, Kilvalai, located at around 55km from Puducherry.

Enormous 2,300-year-old Roman water basin unearthed in the heart of Rome -

The Ancient Origins - 05 December 2014

A very large Roman water basin that once held more than four million liters of water has been discovered 20 meters (65 ft) below street level in the heart of Rome. Archaeologists are saying it is the largest Roman water basin ever found. -

Archaeologists reveal lost medieval palace beneath prehistoric fortress at Old Sarum -

The Ancient Origins - 05 December 2014

The archaeological site of Old Sarum located in Wiltshire, England, has a rich history stretching back at least five thousand years. But it was William the Conqueror’s selection of the site for his royal castle in the 11th century that left the greatest mark on this historic landmark. Now geophysical surveys have revealed that what lies beneath the surface may actually be one of the largest medieval royal palaces ever found, built within the grounds of a vast Iron Age fortress, and hidden beneath fields for more than 700 years. -

The discovery of a mass baby grave under Roman bathhouse in Ashkelon, Israel -

The Ancient Origins - 04 December 2014

Along the shores of Israel's Mediterranean coast, in the ancient seaport of Ashkelon, archaeologist Ross Voss made a gruesome find. While exploring one of the city’s sewers, he discovered a large number of small bones. Initially, the bones were believed to be chicken bones. However, it was later discovered that the bones were actually human –infant bones from the Roman era. With the remains amounting to more than 100 babies, it was the largest discovery of infant remains to date. -

500,000-year-old shell engraved by Homo erectus challenges previous beliefs about human ancestors -

The Ancient Origins - 04 December 2014

New research conducted on a mollusk shell found over a century ago on the Indonesian island of Java, has revealed that it contains the oldest engraving ever found and that it was almost certainly etched by a Homo erectus, an early human ancestor that emerged around 1.9 million years ago and became extinct around 150,000 years ago. The discovery challenges preconceived notions about human ancestors, showing that, like Homo sapiens, they produced abstract design or perhaps even an early form of written communication. -

Metro dig uncovers largest reservoir of Imperial Rome

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 04 December 2014

Archaeologists have unearthed an ancient commercial farm in the heart of modern Rome, taking advantage of subway construction to explore deeply in urban settings.

King Richard III—case closed after 529 years

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 03 December 2014

An international research team led by Dr Turi King from the University of Leicester Department of Genetics provides overwhelming evidence that the skeleton discovered under a car park in Leicester indeed represents the remains of King Richard III, thereby closing what is probably the oldest forensic case solved to date.

Tomb of Huy, ruler of Nubia under Tutankhamun, to be opened to the public -

The Ancient Origins - 03 December 2014

The tomb of Amenhotep Huy, ruler of Lower Nubia Kush under king Tutankhamun, is to be opened to the public for the first time following extensive restorations. The tomb is famous for its spectacular wall paintings. -

Ancient ritual artifact found in Xiaohe Cemetery reveals glue made 3,500 years ago

The Ancient Origins - 03 December 2014

The remarkable Xiaohe Cemetery in China is renowned for its rich trove of mummies and artifacts, and it has now given up another secret of the ages; the oldest glue ever found in China. Yang Yimin, associate professor with the Chinese Academy of Sciences told ShanghaiDaily that micro samples of semi-transparent, yellowish adhesive found embedded in a wooden artifact have revealed it is a sticky gelatin made from cattle collagen.

Turn back the molecular clock, say Argentina's plant fossils

SCIENCEDAILY - 03 December 2014

Molecular clocks -- based on changes in genetic material -- indicate much younger ages for a wide variety of plants found as fossils in southern Argentina than do the solid, geologic dates of those fossils, according to geoscientists who surveyed recent paleobotanical discoveries in Patagonia.

Child skeleton sheds new light on 1,500-year-old crime mystery in Sweden -

The Ancient Origins - 02 December 2014

The Sandy borg massacre refers to an ancient crime scene unearthed on the island of Öland in Sweden, where archaeologists uncovered evidence of a brutal slaughter approximately 1,500 years ago. The circumstances surrounding the massacre are currently unknown but the recent discovery of a child’s skeleton – the first child victim to be identified in the massacre – provides a new piece to the puzzle. -

Largest known megalithic block from antiquity revealed at Baalbek -

The Ancient Origins - 02 December 2014

A new analysis conducted by the German Archaeological Institute at the ancient stone quarry of Baalbek/Ancient Heliopolis, in Lebanon, has calculated the size and weight of an enormous monolith, and can now conclude that it is the largest known stone block ever carved by human hands. -

The Lost Zapotec: Vibrant Mesoamerican Civilization of The Cloud People -

The Ancient Origins - 01 December 2014

In the Valley of Oaxaca, located in the Southern highlands of Mesoamerica, an indigenous, pre-Columbian civilization, known as the Zapotec civilization or the “Cloud People”, flourished around 2,500 years ago. They left behind impressive ruins and provided a lasting influence to the many cultures that superseded them -

Amphipolis Press Conference: Archaeologists reveal new secrets of ancient tomb at Kasta Hill -

The Ancient Origins - 01 December 2014

The Greek archaeological and research team who have spent the past few months excavating the enormous tomb of Amphipolis in northern Greece, have given their first complete presentation of the excavation results at the Ministry of Culture in Athens, revealing new fascinating information about this monumental discovery. -

The subterranean wonder of the Celtic Hypogeum

The Ancient Origins - 01 December 2014

In Northern Italy’s Friuli-Venezia Giulia you can find the town and commune of Cividale del Friuli, where there is a fascinating and mysterious site – the Celtic Hypogeum. This subterranean wonder contains several branches, and is known for its impressive acoustic capabilities and sound effects. -

Bathonea excavations shed light on Istanbul’s history

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 01 December 2014

The Bathonea excavations that have been continuing in the Küçükçekmece lake basin for five years fill a gap in Istanbul’s chronology by revealing traces from 2,000 B.C.

New dating of Homo erectus skull reclassifies Lantian Man as oldest known hominin in northeast Asia -

The Ancient Origins - 29 November 2014

Lantian Man is the name given to subspecies of Homo erectus of which ancient fossils were found in Lantian County, Shaanxi Province in China in 1963. Lantian Man were originally dated to 1.15 million years. However, a new study published in the Journal of Human Evolution, has provided compelling evidence that the fossil is actually 1.63 million years old, making it the oldest fossil hominin ever found in northeast Asia, and its original location the second oldest site with cranial remains outside Africa. -

Imperial Office of the Tang Dynasty discovered at the ruins of Daming Palace -

The Ancient Origins - 29 November 2014

Excavations at the ruins of Daming, the “Palace of Great Brilliance”, have unearthed ancient offices which are thought to have been responsible for issuing imperial edicts, official communications of the Chinese Empire that had the force of law. -

New evidence of ancient rock art across Southeast Asia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 November 2014

The latest research on the oldest surviving rock art of Southeast Asia shows that the region's first people, hunter-gatherers who arrived over 50,000 years ago, brought with them a rich art practice.

Antikythera Mechanism older than thought

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 November 2014

A riddle for the ages may be a small step closer to a solution: Who made the famed Antikythera Mechanism, the astronomical calculator that was raised from an ancient shipwreck near Crete in 1901?

Evidence of domestic cereals in Sudan as early as 7,000 years ago

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 November 2014

Humans in Africa already exploited domestic cereals 7,000 years ago and thus several centuries earlier than previously known.

Excavations may rewrite history of Kolkata’s origin

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 November 2014

Recent archaeological excavations at the Dum Dum mound in Kolkata (Calcutta) could very well rewrite the history of the origins of this city.

Amenhotep III and Royal Priest Limestone Heads Discovered in Ruins in Egypt -

The Ancient Origins - 28 November 2014

Giant limestone heads have been unearthed in Egypt, including those of royal priests and 18th dynasty king Amenhotep III. The discovery of the stone head depicting Amenhotep III was a surprise find during restoration work being done at the foundations of the Armant Temple. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/amenhotep-iii-and-royal-priest-limestone-heads-egypt-020115#sthash.IY57Cc22.dpuf

The thirteen towers of Chankillo, Peru: ancient astronomical observation in the Americas -

The Ancient Origins - 27 November 2014

Located in the Peruvian coastal desert at the Casma-Sechin Oasis, stands the incredible monumental complex of Chankillo, also known as Chanquillo, which extends across four square kilometers. The ancient archaeological site consists of a fort located on hilltop and thirteen solar observatory towers, as well as residential and gathering areas. It was occupied for a relatively short period of time – between the mid-fourth century BC and the early first century AD. -

5,500-year-old complete hand axe unearthed in prehistoric seabed in Denmark -

The Ancient Origins - 25 November 2014

Archaeologists from the Museum Lolland-Falster in Denmark made an extremely rare discovery when they unearthed a complete hand axe with handle still attached in what was once a seabed in prehistoric times. The 5,500-year-old artifact was found in what has been described as a ‘ritual hot bed’, in which a series of tools and other artifacts had been purposely placed vertically in the earth.

New study sheds light into ancient Egyptian health care system at Deir el-Medina -

The Ancient Origins - 24 November 2014

Stanford archaeologists have undertaken the first ever detailed analyses of human remains found at Deir el-Medina, an ancient Egyptian village which was home to the artisans who worked on the tombs in the Valley of the Kings during the 18th to 20th dynasties of the New Kingdom period (c. 1550–1080 BC), including those of Ramesses II and his long line of successors. Their findings reveal a detailed and fascinating picture of a health care in the ancient world. -

The Tomb of Sunken Skulls in Sweden sheds light on prehistoric inhabitants -

The Ancient Origins - 24 November 2014

When archaeologists were excavating a dry prehistoric lake bed in Motala, Sweden in 2009, they stumbled upon one of the most peculiar archaeological discoveries the nation had seen – the so-called ‘Tomb of the Sunken Skulls’, a collection of skulls dating back 8,000 years, which had been mounted on stakes. -

Search continues at Amphipolis burial mound

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 24 November 2014

Scientists have opened the second phase of their excavation of the vast 4th-century BC burial mound in Amphipolis town in search of more tombs and bodies.

Smiling Buddha idol unearthed at Ghantasala

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 24 November 2014

A smiling Buddha idol made of Dachepalli limestone was unearthed from an agricultural field falling under Penneramma mound, a Buddhist site, at Ghantasala village in Krishna district

Three enormous statue heads unearthed at Banteay Chhmar temple, Cambodia -

The Ancient Origins - 22 November 2014

A renovation of Banteay Chhmar temple in Cambodia left workers astounded after three enormous Angkorian-era statue heads were found under half a metre of soil – two intact and one broken. The heads were part of a causeway depicting an ancient Hindu legend in which gods (devas) and demons (asuras) worked together to churn the ocean and release Amrita, the nectar of immortal life. -

High status Anglo-Saxon burials in Suffolk, England, may be linked to ancient King of East Anglia -

The Ancient Origins - 22 November 2014

In a surprise find in the village of Exning in Suffolk, England, 20 graves have been unexpectedly uncovered on land slated for development. The skeletons and other artifacts are considered to be of high status, and are in excellent condition. Exning was an important settlement with royal connections and the possibility has been raised that these individuals may have had connections to King Anna of East Anglia, who is known to have been in the village during the same era. -

Technology Reveals Chinese Terracotta Warriors Were Likely Replicas of Real Soldiers -

The Ancient Origins - 22 November 2014

When Chinese farmers uncovered an ancient site while digging a well in 1974, they had no idea they were to encounter a giant army of warriors. The Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang had lain in wait for 2,000 years, guarding the emperor’s tomb – the largest in Chinese history - at the base of Lishan Mountain in Shaanxi Province. Now research suggests the ears of these famous clay warriors provide a clue into how the army was made. -

New palaeolithic finds broaden habitat of hominids of Northeast Asia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 22 November 2014

Archaeologists have unearthed new palaeolithic remains that may be 500,000 years old in north China's Hebei Province, which indicated the hominids of Northeast Asia lived in a wider habitat than previously thought.

Out of India: Finding the origins of horses, rhinos

SCIENCEDAILY - 21 November 2014

Working at the edge of a coal mine in India, a team of researchers has filled in a major gap in science’s understanding of the evolution of a group of animals that includes horses and rhinos. That group likely originated on the subcontinent when it was still an island headed swiftly for collision with Asia, the researchers report

Dizzying heights: Prehistoric farming on the 'roof of the world'

SCIENCEDAILY - 21 November 2014

Archaeological findings pose questions about genetic resistance in humans to altitude sickness and genetic response in crop plants to flowering times and ultraviolet radiation tolerance. Archaeological discoveries from the 'roof of the world' on the Tibetan Plateau indicate that from 3,600 years ago, crop growing and the raising of livestock was taking place year-round at hitherto unprecedented altitudes.

Excavations uncover large ancient gate in 2,500-year-old city of Persepolis in Iran -

The Ancient Origins - 21 November 2014

Excavations at Persepolis, a magnificent palace complex in Iran founded by Darius the Great around 518 BC, have uncovered a great ancient gate in Tale-Ajori, within the Firouzi Complex. Even older than Persepolis itself, Tale-Ajori lies 3,500 meters outside the city and is of great significance for understanding the Achaemenid Empire. The glazed bricks of the site reveal much about the mythology of the era, while the discovery of the new gate may shed new light on the role Tale-Ajori played within this ancient landscape. -

Solent's Stone Age village 'washing away'

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 20 November 2014

In 1999, a team of divers off the Isle of Wight came across a lobster busily digging out its burrow. To their surprise they found it was kicking out flints from the Stone Age. However, archaeologists now fear artefacts dating back more than 8,000 years are simply being "washed away".

Dig uncovers Barnham’s former Roman residents

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 20 November 2014

Ancient Roman artefacts dating back to before 100AD have been unearthed in Barnham – providing the first real evidence of a Roman settlement in the village.

Jurassic climate was far more complex than previously known

TERRADAILY - 18 November 2014

The climate 150 million years ago of a large swath of the western United States was more complex than previously known, according to new research from Southern Methodist University, Dallas. It's been held that the climate during the Jurassic was fairly dry in New Mexico, then gradually transitioned to a wetter climate northward to Montana.

Secrets in stone: Art historian cracks the code of an ancient temple

SCIENCEDAILY - 17 November 2014

For 13 centuries, the Virupaksha Temple in Pattadakal has been one of the most recognizable landmarks in Indian art -- a towering layer cake of elaborate, hand-carved friezes populated by a bevy of Hindu deities and symbols. Now a professor of Asian art history has shown that these figures are more than just architectural decoration.

1,300-year-old fortress-like structure on Siberian lake continues to mystify experts -

The Ancient Origins - 17 November 2014

It is one of the most mysterious archaeological sites in Russia – an ancient complex engulfing a small island in the center of a remote lake in the mountains of southern Siberia. At first glance, it appears to be an ancient fortress, its perimeter of high walls constructed to keep out enemies. However, others have proposed the 1,300-year-old structure may have been a summer palace, monastery, memorial complex, ritual center, or astronomical observatory. According to the Siberian Times, more than a century after its rediscovery, experts are no closer to understanding the secrets of these enigmatic ruins. -

The Decline of the Neo-Assyrian Empire

Bible History Daily - 17 November 2014

The mighty Neo-Assyrian Empire, which came to control the lands between the Mediterranean Sea and the Zagros Mountains as well as Egypt and part of Anatolia, collapsed at the end of the seventh century B.C.E. It is traditionally believed that the empire began to disintegrate due to a series of military conflicts as well as civil unrest. The destruction of the Assyrian capital Nineveh by a coalition of Babylonian and Median invaders in 612 B.C.E. marked the fall of the empire.

4,000 year old razor blade unearthed in Siberia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 November 2014

A rudimentary razor blade used by fashion-conscious men 4,000 years ago has been unearthed on the site of an ancient settlement in Siberia. Archaeologists found the Bronze Age bathroom accessory during an expedition to the Vengerovo region of Novosibirsk.

Art historian unlocks secrets of the ancient Virupaksha temple -

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

The Virupaksha Temple in Pattadakal is one of the most stunning landmarks in India and the main center of pilgrimage at Hampi, the capital of the ancient Vijayanagar empire. Dating back 1,300 years, the magnificent structure consists of a layered tower of elaborate, hand-carved friezes populated by a bevy of Hindu deities and symbols. Now, for the first time in centuries, the ancient temple may be giving up some of its secrets. -

The Mysterious Ancient Etruscan Underground Pyramids Discovered in Italy -

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

Three years ago a team of U.S. and Italian archaeologists began excavations under a wine cellar in Orvieto, Italy, after identifying stairs carved into a wall as Etruscan style. As they dug through mid-20th century and medieval walls and floors, they encountered tunnels and caves. These large chamber walls were carved to slope up in a pyramidal shape -

The sacred symbol of the Djed pillar

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

Hieroglyphics play an important role in understanding ancient Egyptian culture. One of the most commonly found and mysterious hieroglyphic symbols is known as the djed symbol. With the appearance of a pillar and three or more cross bars, there have been several theories as to the meaning of this enigmatic symbol, and what it represented to the ancient Egyptians who used it so frequently. -

11,000-year-old site of Asikli Hoyuk in Turkey reveals early brain surgery and ancient craftsmanship -

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

The ancient Neolithic settlement of Asikli Hoyuk (Aşıklı Höyük) boasts many important discoveries. Excavations have revealed crucial information on the history of brain surgery, early mining, astounding craftsmanship, and human transitions from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles. Yet Asikli Hoyuk, found 25 kilometers southeast of Aksaray, Turkey, is often overshadowed by popular sites like Göbekli Tepe. -

2,000 previously unknown archaeological sites identified in Exmoor, England -

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

Researchers have compiled an aerial survey of more than 10,000 images of Exmoor, United Kingdom, revealing evidence of 2,000 previously unknown archaeological sites and new information on known monuments. The findings shed light on agricultural practices of the Middle Ages. -

Mathematical Encoding in the Great Pyramid

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the oldest and sole surviving Wonder of the Ancient World, has attracted the interest of philosophers, savants, and travelers for at least four millennia. Some of this interest has centered on the question of whether the ancient Egyptian culture possessed and encoded certain mathematical concepts in the pyramid’s proportions and measurements. -

BREAKING NEWS: Skeleton found inside Limestone Sarcophagus in Amphipolis Tomb -

The Ancient Origins - 15 November 2014

It is the moment that archaeologists and history buffs around the world have been waiting for; after months of intensive excavations within the 4th century BC Amphipolis tomb in northern Greece, and speculations regarding its owner, human remains have finally been discovered within a sarcophagus in a secret vault beneath the third chamber of the tomb -

140 million year-old dinosaur tooth found in Malaysia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 15 November 2014

A dinosaur tooth found in Malaysia is at least 140 million years old and belongs to a new species within the "bird-hipped" Ornithischian order, researchers said Thursday

Glass dish unearthed in Nara came from Roman Empire

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 15 November 2014

A glass dish unearthed from a burial mound here is the first of its kind confirmed to have come to Japan from the Roman Empire, a research team said.

1,000-year-old Chinese tomb contains spectacular murals, touching poems, and ceiling of star constellations -

The Ancient Origins - 12 November 2014

These are the poetic words beautifully painted on the wall of an ancient tomb discovered in a near-perfect state of preservation in Datong City, northern China. Although the tomb occupant was missing from the 1,000-year-old tomb, the finding has nevertheless provided an in-depth understanding of its owner through the presence of vivid murals depicting scenes from his life. Another surprising feature of the tomb is a ceiling richly decorated with stars and constellations. -

Unknown ancient god with astral symbols discovered on stele at cult site in Turkey

The Ancient Origins - 12 November 2014

An unidentified, ancient bearded god with astral symbols has been uncovered during an excavation of a sanctuary near the ancient city of Doliche in Southeast Turkey. The excavation team of 60 researchers and archaeologists from University of Münster and Germany’s Cluster of Excellence has been investigating a 2,000-year-old cult site. The sanctuary’s grounds reveal much about the continuity of religious beliefs over time, as it is made up of various constructions and renovations of different time periods – from a wall from the Iron Age, and the Roman-age foundations from 2nd century A.D., through to its use as a Christian monastery in the time of the crusades. The excavation has revealed finds from all periods of the site’s history, now including a basalt stele featuring a unique Roman relief and depicting an unknown god -

Mycenaean graves, artefacts found at Halicarnassos

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 11 November 2014

New artefacts have been found during excavations in Bodrum’s Ortakent and Gümüşlük neighbourhoods (Greek Halicarnassos) in south-western Turkey. The artefacts will shed light on the history of Bodrum Peninsula, according to officials.

The stunning temple of Seti I in Abydos, Egypt

The Ancient Origins - 11 November 2014

Seti’s place in history was overshadowed by that of his son, Ramesses II, arguably one of the greatest pharaohs in Egyptian history. Yet, Seti was an important character in his own right, as he was one of the pharaohs who had to bring order back to Egypt and re-establish Egyptian sovereignty over its eastern neighbours (Syria and the Levant) following the social disruption caused of Akhenaten’s religious reforms. Seti was also responsible for commissioning the construction of a grand temple in Abydos. -

New geophysical scan suggests labyrinth of tombs lies within Amphipolis burial mound

The Ancient Origins - 10 November 2014

New geophysical scans of the Kasta Hill burial mound at Amphipolis in northern Greece, conducted by the National University of Thessaloniki (AUTH) have yielded some incredible results, pointing to the presence of an extensive network of underground rooms and corridors that resemble a labyrinth. The findings suggest that there may be many more tombs within the tumulus. -

Tracing the origins of a mysterious ancient Queen of Ethiopia

The Ancient Origins - 10 November 2014

According to local tradition, the fall of the Aksumite kingdom of Ethiopia toward the end of the 10th century A.D. was attributed to a queen who invaded from the south. This queen is said to have laid waste to the city of Aksum and the countryside, destroyed churches and monuments, usurped the throne from the ruling Aksumite king, and attempted to wipe out the remaining members of the royal family. Yet, this queen is a great mystery, and opinions about her vary from one scholar to another.

Thracian burial ground investigated in Romania

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 10 November 2014

Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów together with foreign partners study vast necropolis consisting of nearly 100 mounds, erected in the first millennium BC in Teliţa-Celic Dere in the south-east of Romania.

Pools, fountain discovered in ancient Kibyra

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 10 November 2014

Archaeological excavations in the ancient city of Kibyra in the southern Turkish province of Burdur have revealed a three-staged pool system and a fountain structure. An official from the excavations, İsmail Baytak said they had unearthed the structures in the agora of the ancient city.

37,000-year-old bone reveals surprising connection between Ancient and Modern Europeans

The Ancient Origins - 08 November 2014

A genetic analysis of a 37,000-year-old human bone from Russia has revealed a surprising genetic connection between ancient and modern Europeans. The DNA revealed close ancestry with the 24,000-year-old Mal’ta boy from central Siberia, European Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, some contemporary western Siberians, and many Europeans, suggesting that a complex network of intermingling occurred across Europe over the past 50,000 years. -

Gallery of prehistoric art found in Altai Mountains

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 08 November 2014

Archaeologists in Siberia have begun uncovering an extraordinary alfresco gallery of prehistoric art high in the 4,506-metre tall Altai Mountains.

Taking a deeper look at the 'ancient wing'

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 November 2014

Reconstructing ancient life has long required a certain degree of imagination. This is especially true when considering the coloration of long-extinct organisms. However, new methods of investigation are being incorporated into paleontology that may shed light (and color) on fossils. Research presented at the recent Society of Vertebrate Paleontology meeting shows the importance of using new imaging technologies in reconstructing the color of Archaeopteryx, one of the most famous and important fossils species.

Decline of Assyrian Empire investigated

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 November 2014

Researchers have drawn parallels between decline of Assyrian civilization and today's situation in Syria and Iraq.

Newly discovered fossil is a clue to early mammalian evolution

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 November 2014

A newly discovered 66-70 million-year-old groundhog-like creature, massive in size compared to other mammals of its era, provides new and important insights into early mammalian evolution. Stony Brook University paleontologist David Krause, PhD, led the research team that unexpectedly discovered a nearly complete cranium of the mammal, which lived alongside Late Cretaceous dinosaurs in Madagascar. The findings, which shake up current views on the mammalian evolutionary tree, will be published in the journal Nature on November 5.

First amphibious ichthyosaur discovered, filling evolutionary gap

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 07 November 2014

The first fossil of an amphibious ichthyosaur has been discovered in China by a team led by researchers at the University of California, Davis. The discovery is the first to link the dolphinlike ichthyosaur to its terrestrial ancestors, filling a gap in the fossil record. The fossil is described in a paper published in advance online Nov. 5 in the journal Nature.

Giant stone circles in the Middle East puzzle archaeologists -

The Ancient Origins - 07 November 2014

Huge stone circles in the Middle East have been imaged from the air, but researchers remain puzzled as to why they exist, and who made them. 11 Big Circles dot the landscape across Jordan and Syria. They date back at least 2,000 years, but may even be pre-historic, created in a time before the invention of writing. They’re very large, some of them approximately 1,300 feet in diameter, and are composed of short, stone walls built from local rocks.

Egypt Remembers: Ancient accounts of the Great Exodus -

The Ancient Origins - 07 November 2014

The biblical story of the Israelites’ Descent and Exodus speaks about important events that took place in Egypt, so we should expect to find records of these events in Egyptian sources – the seven years of famine predicted by Joseph, the arrival of his father Jacob with his Hebrew family from Canaan, the great plagues of Moses, the death of Egypt’s first born, including the Pharaoh’s first son, and the drowning of the Pharaoh himself in the Red Sea; all these events should have been recorded by the scribes who kept detailed records of daily life. But we do not find even one contemporary inscription from the relevant period that records any of these events -

Pre-Columbian village unearthed in central Colombia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 05 November 2014

Archaeologists have discovered a pre-Columbian town in central Colombia, recovering tons of archaeological evidence of which some dates as far back as 900BC, sponsor EPM said Friday.

5,000-year-old stepwell found in Dholavira, said to be largest in India -

The Ancient Origins - 05 November 2014

An ancient stepwell has reportedly been found in Dholavira, one of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. The 5,000-year-old stepwell is said to be three times bigger than the Great Bath at Mohenjo Daro, and is described by The Times of India as the “largest, grandest, and the best furnished ancient reservoir discovered so far in the country.” Archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India and IIT-Gandhinagar have plans to study many aspects of the discovery, including water flow patterns, ancient water conservation efforts, and the evidence of manufacturing at the time, as revealed by the beads and semi-precious stones discovered at the site.

Ancient ritual sacrifice of children and llamas unearthed in Peru -

The Ancient Origins - 04 November 2014

Archaeologists in Peru have announced the rare discovery of a ritual sacrifice of children and young llamas dating back 600 years. The finding is believed to be linked with the Chimú culture, which flourished along the coast of Peru from about 900 until 1470 AD, when it was conquered by the Inca empire. -

Medieval chess pieces found in Northampton dig

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 04 November 2014

Archaeologists have found two Medieval horn and antler chess pieces during the final stages of a dig in Northampton town centre.

Egypt. archaeologists irate over Tutankhamun 'autopsy'

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 04 November 2014

Some 90 years after the British Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered his intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the west bank at Luxor, the ancient Egyptian boy king Tutankhamun continues to hold the world’s attention.

3,400-Year-Old Underwater Temple from Era of Thutmosis III Discovered near Cairo

The Ancient Origins - 03 November 2014

The Minister of Antiquities in Egypt has announced the discovery of an ancient Egyptian temple near Cairo, from the time of Pharaoh Thutmose III. The ancient temple was found beneath a house, submerged under groundwater, by a group of looters who used diving equipment to explore the nine-meter deep ruins. Seven tablets, two blocks covered in hieroglyphics, several column bases and a huge statue of a seated person made of pink granite have been unearthed so far. -

The Rise of Chandragupta Maurya, and the Golden Age of the Mauryan Empire -

The Ancient Origins - 03 November 2014

Having conquered the mighty Achaemenid Empire, Alexander the Great set his sights on the north western region of the Indian subcontinent. Thus, in 327 B.C., the Macedonian king began his campaign by invading the valley of the river Kabul. Whilst Alexander won some spectacular battles, his Indian campaign was ultimately a failure. Alexander’s battle against King Porus was to be his last major victory, as the Macedonian army’s refusal to go further east meant that the Macedonian king had to relinquish his dreams of conquering the entire known world. Yet, Alexander’s campaign in India would have important consequences for the subcontinent and its people. One of them is the founding of a new Indian Empire – the Mauryan Empire, which would eventually unify the whole of India. -

Hopi Prophecy and the End of the Fourth World—Part 2

The Ancient Origins - 03 November 2014

In the summer of 1958 a minister named David Young was driving across the Four Corners region of the U.S. when he picked up an old Hopi man named White Feather by the side of the road. This spiritual elder of the Bear Clan (the most sacred of all the Hopi clans) confessed that all his sons were dead and that the Hopi ceremonial cycle was slowly becoming extinct. After sensing Reverend Young was trustworthy, he decided to pass along nine primary Hopi prophecies that together would herald the destruction of the Fourth World -

Hopi Prophecy and the End of the Fourth World - Part 1 -

The Ancient Origins - 03 November 2014

More than any other tribe in North America, the Hopi Indians have developed according to the dictates and demands of what may be called a legacy of prophecy. The predictions of the life to come do not merely pertain to the Hopi themselves but deal with impending events on a global scale. These prophecies began to be made public shortly before the mid-20th century. The Hopi are an aggregation of clans that came together at the “center-point” (Tuuwanasavi) in northern Arizona during the course of their migrations. -

Lady Fu Hao and her Lavish Tomb of the Shang Dynasty -

The Ancient Origins - 03 November 2014

Lady Fu Hao is a highly extraordinary character from Chinese history, who lived over three millennia ago. In a society that was heavily dominated by male figures, Fu Hao took on roles that other women of her time would never even dream of taking. Apart from being a wife and a mother, Fu Hao was also a military leader, a shaman / priestess, and an influential politician. The discovery of her lavish tomb in the 1970s is a reflection of her important position in life. -

Tang Dynasty coins found in south Sumatra

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 31 October 2014

A team of Researchers from the Palembang archaeology station said that the ancient coins found in Komering River, South Sumatra are aged back to China's Tang Dynasty era. The dynasty is known to have close relationship with Sriwijaya kingdom that once ruled Sumatra.

Ancient tunnel under Teotihuacan may lead to Royal tombs -

The Ancient Origins - 30 October 2014

Mexican archaeologists have announced that a years-long exploration of an underground tunnel beneath the ancient city of Teotihuacan in Mexico has yielded thousands of artifacts and may lead to royal tombs. According to a news release on Reuters, the entrance to the 1,800-year-old tunnel was first discovered in 2003, and an extensive project involving both human researchers and remote-control robots, has been ongoing ever since - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/ancient-tunnel-under-teotihuacan-may-lead-royal-tombs-002269#sthash.nxMImt9S.dpuf

New evidence suggests Gladiators consumed plant ash for bone strength -

The Ancient Origins - 30 October 2014

A new study published in the journal PLOS ONE has revealed evidence that gladiators drank a beverage made from plant ash, vinegar, and water that was rich in calcium, essential for enhancing bone strength. The discovery provides biological evidence to support information in ancient texts that gladiators drank an ash-based drink for recovery. -

Mongolian dinosaur with spiky helmet shows Gobi Desert was hotspot for ankylosaur diversity

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 October 2014

The Gobi Desert of Late Cretaceous Mongolia was the place to be if you were one of the armoured dinosaurs called ankylosaurs. Besides the badlands of southern Alberta, the Gobi Desert has the highest number of ankylosaur species that lived together at the same time—and now a new family member has just been identified.

Largest Stone Age flake tool in India found

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 October 2014

In a significant discovery, archaeologists have found a huge flake tool dating back to the Stone Age period on the bank of river Jonk in east Chhattisgarh. The tool, measuring around 20 cm long and 10 cm wide, is said to be the largest flake of lower-Paleolithic period, retrieved in Chhattisgarh till date.

New Roman treasure uncovered at Cumbrian dig

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 29 October 2014

Artefacts dating back as far as the first century AD have been uncovered by a team from a Carlisle-based company, including a complete statue of what’s thought to be a Roman fertility god.

Nero’s Domus Aurea to reopen on Sunday in Rome

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 October 2014

The remains of the Domus Aurea, or Golden House, the opulent villa that the Emperor Nero built for himself in the center of Rome, will reopen to guided visits on Sunday six years after it was closed because of collapses and safety concerns.

Evidence of ancient Germanic people found in Polish cave

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 October 2014

Traces of Germanic people from the turn of the fourth and fifth century AD in the cave Wisielucha in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland have been discovered during excavations by archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw.

750 year old Mongol city discovered in Russia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 October 2014

Remains of a 750-year-old city, founded by the descendents of Genghis Khan, have been unearthed along the Volga River in Russia. Among the discoveries are two Christian temples one of which has stone carvings and fine ceramics.

Nubia and the Powerful Kingdom of Kush

The Ancient Origins - 27 October 2014

Pharaonic Egypt is arguably the most famous ancient civilization on the African continent. This does not mean, however, that it was the only ancient civilization that sprang from African soil. Egypt’s southern neighbors, the Nubians (Egyptian for ‘gold’, due to the abundance of this precious metal in their lands), have had an uneasy relationship with the Egyptians over the millennia. At times, they were seen as allies of the Egyptians, while at other times they were seen as the wretched enemies. Under the Kingdom of Kush, however, the Nubians would conquer Egypt and establish a dynasty of their own. -

Have researchers cracked the code of the 4,000-year-old Phaistos Disc? - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/have-researchers-cracked-code-4000-year-old-phaistos-disc-002256#sthash.ICNxrTKi.dpuf

The Ancient Origins - 27 October 2014

The Phaistos Disc is a fired clay plate from the 2nd millennium BC with both sides showing a spiral of strange stamped symbols. Ever since its discovery in 1908, in a palace called Phaistos on the island of Crete, the meaning of the unusual inscription has mystified scholars. But now, after more than a century, scholars may have finally come a step closer to solving one of the most famous mysteries in archaeology. -

Thirteen-angled stone found at Inca site of Inkawasi

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 October 2014

Researchers of the stretch project Vilcashuaman – Pisco of the Qapaq Ñan from the Ministry of Culture discover a stone of 13 angels carved in a hydraulic system built at the archeological site Incawasi in Huancavelica

Grave robbers plunder ancient Danish burial sites

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 27 October 2014

Grave robbers have dug up and plundered four ancient burial sites in 'Mangehøje' north of Grindsted near Billund in Jutland. It is believed the sites date back to the Stone Age some 4,000 years ago.

Thirteen-angle stone discovered in ancient Inca wall reveals incredible skill of masons

The Ancient Origins - 25 October 2014

Archaeologists in Peru have unearthed an ancient Inca wall during excavations at the Incahuasi archaeological site in the Huancavelica Region of Peru, which includes a precisely carved stone with thirteen angles, enabling it to fit perfectly among the surrounding blocks. Peru’s Ministry of Culture announced that the wall formed part of a sophisticated hydraulic system

New research suggests early contact between Easter Island and Americas

The Ancient Origins - 25 October 2014

People may have been making their way from Easter Island to the Americas well before the Dutch commander Jakob Roggeveen arrived with his ships in 1722, according to new genomic evidence showing that the Rapanui people living on that most isolated of islands had significant contact with Native American populations hundreds of years earlier. The findings reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on October 23 lend the first genetic support for such an early trans-Pacific route between Polynesia and the Americas, an impressive trek of more than 4,000 kilometers (nearly 2,500 miles).

5,500-year-old ceremonial center and circular pyramid discovered in Peru -

The Ancient Origins - 25 October 2014

Archaeologists in Peru have discovered an ancient ceremonial center and a circular-shaped pyramid in Miravalles, in the region of Cajamarca in northern Peru. According to a news report in The Epoch Times, the site dates back an incredible 5,500 years. Until now, it was believed that the Norte Chico civilization of Supe, Peru was the earliest civilization of the Americas. Their capital was the Sacred City of Caral - a 5,000-year-old metropolis complete with complex agricultural practices, rich culture, and monumental architecture, including six large pyramidal structures, stone and earthen platform mounds, temples, amphitheatre, sunken circular plazas, and residential areas. However, the latest discovery suggests that the Norte Chico civilization may not be the oldest after all. vered-peru-002249#sthash.yG3VZV8v.dpuf

Civilizations Out of Nowhere

The Ancient Origins - 25 October 2014

Graham Hancock, in his famous work “The Fingerprints of The Gods” argues that certain civilizations around the globe showed these signs of unusual intelligence in their architecture, science and writing systems. Intelligent human civilization extends much farther than we originally believed. The following is a presentation of some of the strange aspects of humanity that have been long forgotten, while remembering that our ancestors left us artifacts in the form of incredible structures and monuments that we are meant to decode and decipher. If the human story is a work in progress, let these monuments serve as important points to consider in the revision of this story. The monuments left behind by our ancestors would have had to coincide with their level of development given the time period; which calls for a revision of the human timeline. These historical anomalies raise questions about our collective history, and indicate how much remains to be discovered. Human prehistory marks a time before records were kept, a time when, for several thousands of years, Cro-Magnons roamed across the planet, possibly forming small groups and living in primitive societies. The context of this strange condition changed again, approximately 15,000 years ago. When we compare the crudeness and primitive nature of Cro-Magnon side by side with the achievement of humans in the last 15,000 years, the gulf between the two widens considerably. We maintain the belief that human advancement and achievement follows a linear path upwards; each new civilization being more advanced and intelligent than the last. Just as we see jumps in advancement from one species to another. From Neanderthal to Cro-Magnon, we see entire civilizations emerge out of nowhere with advancements in the sciences that have only recently been discovered. Several ancient civilizations across the world show an advanced level of astronomy and mathematics. As the Babylonian empire began to emerge 2500 years ago, one of their chief astronomers, Kidinnu, was able to map the annual movement of the sun and the moon that remained unchallenged until 1857, when astronomer Peter Andreas Hansen charted the arc of these celestial bodies to an error margin of only nine seconds.

12,800-year-old campsite found at extreme altitude in Peruvian Andes -

The Ancient Origins - 24 October 2014

A new report published in the journal Science has revealed the discovery of an ancient shelter, rock art, and a tool workshop at an altitude of nearly 14,700 feet (4,500 meters) above sea level. Dating back around 12,800 years, the prehistoric site is the oldest known evidence of humans living at an extreme altitude. The discovery was made by archaeologist Kurt Rademaker and geologist Gordon Bromley in the Pucuncho Basin, a cold and arid plateau ringed by 21,000-foot-tall (6,400 meters) volcanoes in the southern Peruvian Andes. They had previously found arrowheads at 4,355 meters, pointing to the possibility of finding Paleoindian settlements at high-altitude

2014 excavations at Erimi-Laonin completed

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 24 October 2014

The Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, has announced the completion of the 2014 fieldwork season undertaken by the Italian Archaeological Mission, Università degli Studi di Firenze, at Erimi, at the site of Erimi-Laonin tou Porakou. This year’s investigations took place from July 21st August 18th 2014.

Treasure haul uncovered at Thracian tomb in Bulgaria

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 24 October 2014

Archaeologists have uncovered a haul of jewelry created by an ancient Thracian tribal group that was renowned for creating exquisite gold objects and then hiding them to protect them from invading enemies.

Inscription dedicated to Hadrian found in Jerusalem

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 October 2014

A rare find of tremendous historical significance was discovered in Jerusalem: a fragment of a stone engraved with an official Latin inscription dedicated to the Roman emperor Hadrian. Researchers believe this is among the most important Latin inscriptions ever discovered in Jerusalem.

Secrets of dinosaur ecology found in fragile amber

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 October 2014

Ryan McKellar's research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, McKellar uses the tiny pieces of fossilized tree resin to study the world in which the now-extinct behemoths lived.

Mammalian bones provide clues to early human activity

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 23 October 2014

Archaeologist Carly Monks will excavate caves near Leeman, in WA's Mid West, to find signs of human activity dating back 6,000 years to the mid-Holocene period.

Archaeologists unearth 6,000-Year-Old Temple in Ukraine -

The Ancient Origins - 23 October 2014

A massive prehistoric settlement has been uncovered in the Ukraine consisting of a large temple, human-like figurines, and animal remains, which dates back to around 4,000 BCE. According to Live Science, the town once covered an enormous 238 hectares (588 acres) and would have contained more than 1,200 buildings and nearly 50 streets. The ancient settlement, which researchers are calling a ‘mega-site’, was first detected by geophysical survey in 2009 near modern-day Nebelivka, but only now have excavations revealed some of its incredible structures and artifacts. -

New research suggests Tutankhamun died from genetic weakness caused by family inbreeding -

The Ancient Origins - 21 October 2014

In November last year, scientists announced that they had finally solved the mystery of King Tutankhamun’s death after 3,300 years. The boy king, they claimed, died after being struck by a speeding chariot. However, a new ‘virtual autopsy’ of the world-famous pharaoh has revealed that serious genetic physical impairments would have made riding a chariot impossible. According to a report in The Independent, the results instead suggest that Tutankhamun succumbed to genetic impairments that were caused by the fact that his parents were brother and sister. -

Stunning murals uncovered in Ming Dynasty tomb

The Ancient Origins - 21 October 2014

Archaeologists in China have unearthed a Ming Dynasty tomb decorated with spectacular and finely-detailed paintings, according to a report in China.org.cn. Scientists are excited by the finding as it is the first time that murals have been discovered in an ancient tomb in the region -

Canaanite Cult Complex Discovered at Tel Burna

Bible History Daily - 20 October 2014

Excavations at Tel Burna, located in the Shephelah region in Israel, have uncovered a 3,300-year-old cult complex where Baal, the Canaanite storm god, may have been worshipped. While the complex has not been fully excavated yet, its 52 by 52-feet courtyard has given archaeologists an idea of the overall size of the place. The excavators found within the complex three connected cups, facemask fragments, massive storage jars and burnt animal bones.

Prehistoric crocodiles' evolution mirrored in living species

TERRADAILY - 20 October 2014

Crocodiles which roamed the world's seas millions of years ago developed in similar ways to their modern-day relatives, a study has shown. Fresh research into a group of prehistoric marine crocs known as Machimosaurus reveals key details of how and where they lived.

Unique 3,000-year-old Sanxingdui artifacts to be revealed in all their glory -

The Ancient Origins - 19 October 2014

Amid the once-tranquil village of Sanxingdui, in a quiet part of Sichuan province in China, a remarkable discovery took place which immediately attracted international attention and has since rewritten the history of Chinese civilisation. Two giant sacrificial pits were unearthed containing thousands of gold, bronze, jade, ivory and pottery artifacts that were so unusual and unlike anything ever found in China before, that archaeologists realised they had just opened the door to an ancient culture dating back between 3,000 and 5,000 years. Now, beginning today, the stunning artifacts will go on display at Southern California's Bowers Museum, the first stop on a rare U.S. tour. -

The Lady of the Spiked Throne and her Mysterious Entourage -

The Ancient Origins - 19 October 2014

The Lady of the Spiked Throne refers to a mysterious artifact from the Indus Valley civilization that has been dated to the 3rd millennium BC. It depicts a woman in a position of power seated in a spiked throne in what has been described as a bull-headed boat or chariot. She and her crew display unusual features including large almond-shaped eyes, elongated heads or headdresses, and beak-like noses. The absence of information concerning the artifact’s provenance and archaeological context has made it difficult to determine its true origin and purpose -

Bright-coloured murals found in Hunan tomb

The Ancient Origins - 19 October 2014

The tomb unearthed was around 4 metres long, 4 meters high and 1.5 metres wide. It was constructed with lime and had a large slate as its door. Figure paintings were found on the wall of an ancient tomb unearthed in Qunyi village, Wanbao town, Loudi city, Hunan province, Oct 14, 2014 [Credit: Asianewsphoto]Surprisingly, the wall inside the tomb was painted with colourful murals featuring carriages and figure paintings....

Parthenon Sculptures debate heats up

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 October 2014

Greece is prepared to wait for the outcome of talks between UNESCO and Britain over the return of the Elgin Marbles before launching legal action, its culture minister and lawyers including George Clooney's new bride said on Wednesday

New oracle bone characters discovered in Liaoning

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 October 2014

Chinese archaeologists have discovered 34 new characters and glyphs from oracle bones housed in a museum in Lyushun, a city in northeast China's Liaoning province.

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 October 2014

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology -- the study of tiny fossilized organisms -- to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event more than 55 million years ago. Their findings are the subject of an article in the journal Paleoceanography.

Ancient fossils confirmed among our strangest cousins

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 October 2014

More than 100 years since they were first discovered, some of the world's most bizarre fossils have been identified as distant relatives of humans, thanks to the work of University of Adelaide researchers.

Stone Age settlement discovered in Polish lake

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 October 2014

The first Stone Age settlement identified in Polish waters has been discovered in the lake Gil Wielki, Iława Lake District (Warmia and Mazury) by underwater archaeologists led by Dr. Andrzej Pydyn from the Department of Underwater Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń.

Amphipolis mosaic portrays Abduction of Persephone

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 October 2014

Greek archaeologists clearing dirt from the stunning mosaic floor at the burial mound complex at Amphipolis in northern Greece have revealed a third character in the mosaic composition that confirms the scene depicts the Abduction of Persephone.

Evidence of medieval church found in North Yorkshire

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 October 2014

Archaeologists have unearthed ancient human remains and evidence of a medieval church on the site of a new extra care scheme.

Church in ancient Laodecia to open to tourism

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 17 October 2014

One of the “Seven Churches of Asia” mentioned in the Bible, the Laodicean Church in the ancient city of Laodicea will be opened to tourism at the end of this year.

The long goodbye to Scandinavian Paganism and the Christianization of three realms -

The Ancient Origins - 17 October 2014

Prior to Christianity, the lands of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway saw the worship of an amalgamation of deities known most widely as the Aesir and Vanir. The Aesir were the primary gods, ruled by the wise, one-eyed Odin, though the worship of the strong thunder god Thor rivalled him. The Vanir were fertility gods, as highly valued as the Aesir, later becoming a subclass within them. But by the 10th century, Christianity had brought an end to their polytheistic worship, culminating in three new realms unified under one faith. -

Rare and ornate chariot parts and equestrian tools unearthed in Iron Age hillfort -

The Ancient Origins - 16 October 2014

Archaeologists excavating an Iron Age hillfort in Leicestershire, England, made a stunning discovery when they unearthed a set of 2,200-year-old bronze chariot parts, and what appears to be horse-care tools. The hoard of rare equestrian items appears to have been buried as a religious offering. -

Enormous auroch skeleton found at Ness of Brodgar Neolithic site -

The Ancient Origins - 16 October 2014

The Ness of Brodgar is a Neolithic site on the Scottish island of Orkney, consisting of the remains of housing, paved walkways, coloured facades, decorated stone slabs, a massive stone wall, and a large building described as a ‘cathedral’ or ‘palace’, inhabited from at least 3,500 BC. Now archaeologists have uncovered the remains of an enormous cow at the site that are so big, it could only be consistent with an aurochs – an extinct species of cow that was extremely rare, even in Neolithic times. -

Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 October 2014

It's been millions of years since T. rex took its last breath, but a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing life back into dinosaurs using high-powered computer simulations to model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important implications for how dinosaurs used their noses to not only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell and cool their brains.

Fossilised bird egg offers clues to Brazil's prehistoric past

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 October 2014

Brazilian scientists have discovered a near-intact fossilised bird egg -- the country's first -- in Sao Paulo State.

Fishy fossil found in north west Queensland creek bed

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 October 2014

An ancient fossil, believe to be more than 100 million years old, has been uncovered on a cattle property in Queensland’s north wes

2,500 year old Siberian princess died from breast cancer, reveals MRI scan

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 October 2014

Studies of the mummified Ukok 'princess' - named after the permafrost plateau in the Altai Mountains where her remains were found - have already brought extraordinary advances in our understanding of the rich and ingenious Pazyryk culture. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/10/2500-year-old-siberian-princess-died.html#.VD_4zxYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Three extinct squirrel-like species discovered: Mammals may have originated much earlier than thought

SCIENCEDAILY - 15 October 2014

Paleontologists have described three new small squirrel-like species that place a poorly understood Mesozoic group of animals firmly in the mammal family tree. The study supports the idea that mammals -- an extremely diverse group that includes egg-laying monotremes such as the platypus, marsupials such as the opossum, and placentals like humans and whales -- originated at least 208 million years ago in the late Triassic, much earlier than some previous research suggests.

Bronze Age cult complex discovered in Judean foothills may have been dedicated to Baal

The Ancient Origins - 14 October 2014

Archaeologists excavating the Tel Burna archaeological site in the Shephelah region of what is now Israel, have unearthed a cult complex dating back around 3,300 years, which may have been used for worshipping Baal, the Canaanite storm god, according to a report in Live Science -

The mysterious prehistoric geoglyph of the Paracas Candelabra

The Ancient Origins - 14 October 2014

The Paracas Candelabra is a prehistoric geoglyph found in the Paracas Peninsula at Pisco Bay, Peru. It is estimated to date back to 200 BC, although many believe it is much older. With a large, branchlike appearance, the purpose and meaning of the Candelabra remain unknown. There has been much speculation as to the reason it may have been constructed. Was it a godly symbol, a gigantic seismograph, or simply a navigational tool for sailors? -

The Accidental Mummy: the discovery of an impeccably preserved woman from the Ming Dynasty -

The Ancient Origins - 14 October 2014

When most people think of mummies, they picture the Egyptian culture, and sophisticated mummification procedures intended to create a bridge between life and death, resulting in preservation of the body. While most mummies discovered today are a product of this process, there have been rare occasions where a mummified body is not the result of an intentional preservation process, but of some form of natural preservation. -

Treasure hunter uncovers one of the most significant Viking hoards ever found in Scotland -

The Ancient Origins - 14 October 2014

An amateur treasure hunter equipped with a metal detector has unearthed a massive hoard of Viking artifacts in Dumfries and Galloway, in what has been described as one of the most significant archaeological finds in Scottish history. According to the Herald Scotland, more than 100 Viking relics were found, including silver ingots, armbands, brooches, and gold objects. -

Mosaic depicting god Hermes leading chariot revealed in Amphipolis Tomb

The Ancient Origins - 13 October 2014

The Greek Ministry of Culture has announced the discovery of a stunning mosaic depicting a chariot in motion in the burial mound at Amphipolis in northern Greece. The exciting finding was made as archaeologists removed layers of soil behind the two caryatid statues in the second chamber of the world famous tomb

Archaeologists uncover 200,000-year-old Neanderthal remains in France

The Ancient Origins - 13 October 2014

Scientists have discovered a rare collection of Neanderthal remains at the open-air site of Tourville-la-Rivière in the Seine Valley of northern France. According to a report in the journal PLOS ONE, three long bones – from the same left upper limb – have been found, which are believed to belong the Neanderthal lineage in the Middle Pleistocene era, and are aged between 236,000 and 183,000 years -

More on Asian cave drawings as old as European ones

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 13 October 2014

Cave paintings from the Indonesian island of Sulawesi are at least 40 thousand years old, according to a study published this week in the scientific journal Nature.

Inca ceremonial site discovered in Central Peru

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 13 October 2014

Peruvian state archaeologists have discovered the remains of Hatun Xauxa, one of the most important ceremonial places of the Inca Empire in central Peru.

Hattusa’s city walls come to light

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 08 October 2014

Archaeologists have unearthed part of the 3,700-year-old city wall of Hattuşa, capital city of the ancient Hittites, in the northern Turkish province of Çorum.

Animal figurines unearthed in tombs at ancient Kamara

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 08 October 2014

This season's excavations at Xeropotamos, Aghios Nicholaos, in eastern Crete, have brought to light several important findings.

Tracing our ancestors at the bottom of the sea

TERRADAILY - 08 October 2014

A specialist group of European researchers are studying the remains of prehistoric human settlements which are now submerged beneath our coastal seas. Some of these drowned sites are tens of thousands of years old. From the progressive discovery and analysis of these prehistoric remains, a new scientific field has emerged, combining the expertise from many disciplines including archaeology, oceanography and the geosciences.

2,000-year-old shipwreck and sacrificial altar found near Aeolian Islands

The Ancient Origins - 07 October 2014

An archaeological team equipped with a mini-submarine made a spectacular discovery while exploring in deep water around the Aeolian Islands of Pantelleria, Lipari and Panarea – a 2,000-year-old sunken ship, complete with dozens of amphorae, plates, bowls, anchors, and a well-preserved sacrificial altar, according to a report in palermo.repubblica.it. -

The megalithic site of Gunung Padang begins to reveal its secrets -

The Ancient Origins - 05 October 2014

Gunung Padang is a remarkable archaeological region located 120 kilometres south of Jakarta in Indonesia, known for having the largest number of megaliths in the country. It has been the subject of much controversy in recent years as scientific research has suggested that one particular site, consisting of an ancient arrangement of megalithic stones, sits atop a hill that is actually a gigantic, pyramid-shaped tomb, dating back thousands of years. -

Men and women held equal status in ancient city of Catalhoyuk -

The Ancient Origins - 03 October 2014

Overlooking the Konya Plain in Turkey lies the remarkable and unique ancient city of Çatalhöyük, the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date. At a time when most of the world's people were nomadic hunter-gatherers, Çatalhöyük was a bustling town of as many as 10,000 people. According to a report in Hurriyet Daily News, archaeologists are now gaining new insights into the ancient city as further excavation work has revealed that Çatalhöyük was a place of gender equality, where men and women held equal status. -

Largest dinosaur cemetery discovered in Mexico

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 02 October 2014

A team of German and Mexican palaeontologists have discovered what they believe is the largest dinosaur cemetery in the world in the Mexican state of Coahuila, Der Spiegel reports.

How dinosaur arms turned into bird wings

TERRADAILY - 01 October 2014

Although we now appreciate that birds evolved from a branch of the dinosaur family tree, a crucial adaptation for flight has continued to puzzle evolutionary biologists. During the millions of years that elapsed, wrists went from straight to bent and hyperflexible, allowing birds to fold their wings neatly against their bodies when not flying

The Quest to find Nefertiti, Queen of the Nile

The Ancient Origins - 01 October 2014

Nefertiti is one of the most famous queens of ancient Egypt, second only to Cleopatra. While many aspects of her life are well-documented, there are many mysteries surrounding her death and burial. While hundreds of royal mummies have already been recovered in Egypt, Nefertiti’s mummy has remained elusive -

New Mexico dig unearths new ankylosaur dino species

TERRADAILY - 28 September 2014

As they seem to do every week, scientists unveiled yet another new type of dinosaur on Wednesday -- this one discovered in 2011 by a joint team of diggers from the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science and the State Museum of Pennsylvania.

Treasure hunter discovers 22,000 Roman coins

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 September 2014

A hoard of 22,000 Roman coins has been unearthed on land near Seaton in East Devon. The “Seaton Down Hoard” of copper-alloy Roman coins is one of the largest and best preserved 4th Century collections to have ever been found in Britain.

Stone Age site challenges old archaeological assumptions about human technology

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 September 2014

The analysis of artifacts from a 325,000-year-old site in Armenia shows that human technological innovation occurred intermittently throughout the Old World, rather than spreading from a single point of origin, as previously thought.

Siberian mammoth unearthed after eaten by people 25,000 years ago

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 September 2014

Researchers in Siberia have found the remains of a baby mammoth that researchers believe was caught and eaten by humans about 25,000 years ago, local media reported Thursday.

Roman camp in Bulgaria yields numerous artefacts

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 September 2014

More than 300 coins from the first to sixth centuries AD and hundreds of objects made of bronze, glass, bone and antlers have been unearthed by archaeologists during the excavations in Novae near Svishtov in Bulgaria.

Dinosaur family tree gives fresh insight into rapid rise of birds

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 September 2014

The most comprehensive family tree of meat-eating dinosaurs ever created is enabling scientists to discover key details of how birds evolved from them.

Fossil has evidence of limb regeneration in 300 million year old amphibian

PHYS.ORG - 24 September 2014

(Phys.org) —A trio of researchers with Germany's Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions und Biodiversitätsforschung, has found evidence of limb regeneration in a 300 million year old amphibian fossil, which suggests that the ability to regenerate entire limbs by such creatures is not restricted to modern salamanders. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Nadia Fröbisch, Constanze Bickelmann and Florian Witzmann describe the fossil they've been studying and why they believe it was able to regenerate its limbs.

Ten Amazing Artifacts from the Ancient World

The Ancient Origins - 23 September 2014

There are undoubtedly millions of amazing artifacts from the ancient world that have served to shed light on the lives of our ancestors from many millennia ago. But some stand out for their uniqueness, their intrigue, or their ability to expand our knowledge about previously unknown aspects of our history. Here we feature ten such artifacts. We have intentionally chosen not to feature well-known artifacts such as the Antikythera Mechanism, Baghdad Battery, Viking Sunstone and many other famous relics. Rather, we wished to highlight some lesser known but equally incredible artifacts from the ancient world. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places/ten-amazing-artifacts-ancient-world-002105#sthash.C58cbeEK.dpuf

More on Pelican-like pterosaur enters record books

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 September 2014

Dr. WANG Xiaolin, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IVPP), and his international team describe a new genus and species of toothed pteranodontoid pterosaur, Ikrandraco avatar, based on two laterally flattened specimens from the Early Cretaceous (Aptian) Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, Northeastern China. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/more-on-pelican-like-pterosaur-enters.html#.VBvrYBYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

7,000 year old settlement discovered in Croatia

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 September 2014

Archaeologists in Croatia have unearthed what they say is the largest Stone Age city ever discovered in the region. The new find stretches for more than 100 thousand square meters, and it is believed to be roughly 7,000 years old. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/7000-year-old-settlement-discovered-in.html#.VBv00hYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Viking blacksmith’s grave uncovered in Norway

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 19 September 2014

Norwegian sources state that the remains of what appears to be a Viking grave, most likely belonging to a blacksmith, has been uncovered in Sogndalsdalen. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/viking-blacksmiths-grave-uncovered-in.html#.VBv1hhYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Ancient bog body found in Ireland may be Iron Age sacrifice

The Ancient Origins - 17 September 2014

Archaeologists in Ireland made an amazing discovery this week when they unearthed another ancient bog body in County Meath, adding to the collection of ancient human remains, some incredibly well-preserved, which have been pulled from the bog. Studies on previous Iron Age bog bodies have shown evidence of sacrifice, and the latest discovery may be yet another victim. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/ancient-bog-body-found-ireland-may-be-iron-age-sacrifice-002080#sthash.V6L3v8FS.dpuf

Medieval Polish castle reveals its secrets

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 September 2014

Archaeologists excavated more than 1,500 relics during the initial excavations within the area of the Krzepice castle on the border of Małopolska, Wielkopolska and Silesia, told PAP Radosław Herman, archaeologist and historian of architecture, with an independent multidisciplinary team "Studies of Historical Towns and Castles". Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/medieval-polish-castle-reveals-its.html#.VBg_bRYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Long lost Roman fort discovered in Germany

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 16 September 2014

In the course of an educational dig in Gernsheim in the Hessian Ried, archaeologists from Frankfurt University have discovered a long lost Roman fort: A troop unit made up out of approximately 500 soldiers (known as a cohort) was stationed there between 70/80 and 110/120 AD. Over the past weeks, the archaeologists found two V-shaped ditches, typical of this type of fort, and the post holes of a wooden defensive tower as well as other evidence from the time after the fort was abandoned. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/long-lost-roman-fort-discovered-in.html#.VBhu0hYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Archaeologists unearth 4,000-year-old Siberian knight armour made of bone

The Ancient Origins - 10 September 2014

Archaeologists in Russia have unearthed a suit of armour made entirely of bone, which belonged to an ancient Siberian knight who lived around four millennia ago. The Siberian Times reports that the stunning discovery was found in near-perfect condition and is the only example of bone armour found in the Siberian city of Omsk. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/archaeologists-unearth-4000-year-old-siberian-knight-armour-102090#sthash.VqPFfAhG.dpuf

4,000-year-old sunken ship found in Turkey is among oldest in the world

The Ancient Origins - 06 September 2014

A recent excavation at the port of Urla underwater archaeological site in Turkey has revealed a sunken ship that is believed to date back 4,000 years, according to a report in Hurriyet Daily News. The surprising discovery is the oldest known shipwreck ever found in the Mediterranean, and is also among the oldest known shipwrecks worldwide - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/4000-year-old-sunken-ship-found-turkey-among-oldest-world-002044#sthash.s0kYQmsA.dpuf

The Tamam Shud Enigma

The Ancient Origins - 06 September 2014

On December 1, 1948, authorities were called to Somerton beach in Adelaide, South Australia. A dead body had been found. Little did police realize they were about to encounter what is now considered one of Australia’s most profound mysteries, with connections to the ancient world. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/unexplained-phenomena/tamam-shud-enigma-dead-body-found-australia-ancient-persian-connection-002043#sthash.zyLwnL6l.dpuf

Ancient bath-house excavated in Harran

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 06 September 2014

The remains of a 1,400 year old bath have been discovered in the southeastern Turkish province of Şanlıurfa’s Harran district, one of the world’s oldest settlements. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/ancient-bath-remains-found-in-harran.html#.VArnshYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

First Neanderthal rock engraving found in Gibraltar: Abstract art older than thought?

CNRS - 04 September 2014

The first example of a rock engraving attributed to Neanderthals has been discovered in Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar. Dated at over 39,000 years old, it consists of a deeply impressed cross-hatching carved into rock. Its analysis calls into question the view that the production of representational and abstract depictions on cave walls was a cultural innovation introduced into Europe by modern humans. On the contrary, the findings support the hypothesis that Neanderthals had a symbolic material culture.

Central China unearths large neolithic site Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/central-china-unearths-large-neolithic.html#.VAX0vWMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 02 September 2014

Archaeologists in central China's Henan Province have excavated a large neolithic settlement complete with moats and a cemetery. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/central-china-unearths-large-neolithic.html#.VAX0vWMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

What was an ancient Chinese palace doing in the enemy territory of Siberia?

The Ancient Origins - 31 August 2014

Located in the majestic Altai-Sayan Mountains in the south of Siberia, the city of Abakan has a long and rich history going back thousands of years. But in the 1940s, archaeologists found something near Abakan, that was entirely unexpected – the 2,000-year-old remains of a palace typical of the Han Dynasty in China. What was so unusual about this discovery was the fact that, not only was the palace hundreds of miles away from the region of the Han Empire, it was also located in territory that belonged to their arch-enemy, the Xiongnu. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/unexplained-phenomena/what-was-ancient-chinese-palace-doing-enemy-territory-siberia-002023#sthash.wlru1lXm.dpuf

Researchers search for evidence of earliest inhabitants of Central Great Plains

The Ancient Origins - 31 August 2014

A team led by University of Kansas Distinguished Professor Rolfe Mandel in July excavated a northeast Kansas site in Pottawatomie County seeking to find artifacts tied to the Clovis and Pre-Clovis peoples, the founding populations of the Americas. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/researchers-search-for-evidence-of.html#.VALuZWMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Stone-tipped spears may indicate early human cognitive, social skills

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 August 2014

Attaching a stone tip onto a wooden spear shaft was a significant innovation for early modern humans living around 500,000 years ago. However, it was also a costly behavior in terms of time and effort to collect, prepare and assemble the spear. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/stone-tipped-spears-may-indicate-early.html#.VAGX4WMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Slaves’ Hill was home to high-status craftsmen

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 August 2014

Iron Age copper smelters were respected leaders with sophisticated skills, say Tel Aviv University archaeologists. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/slaves-hill-was-home-to-high-status.html#.VAGY3GMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Ancient throne discovered in excavations at Euromos

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 August 2014

Excavation works in the ancient Greek city of Euromos, located near the city of Milas in Turkey's western province of Mugla, have revealed the remains of a 2,300 year-old throne. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/ancient-throne-discovered-in.html#.VAGZe2MrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Historic canoe removed from Pearl River bank

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 30 August 2014

A historic canoe thought to date to the early to mid-1800s was extracted Tuesday from its Pearl River resting spot by a suite of cooperating state agencies. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/historic-canoe-removed-from-pearl-river.html#.VAGZ_GMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Unique artifacts shed light on daily life in 5,000-year-old city of Caral

The Ancient Origins - 30 August 2014

The Sacred City of Caral is a 5,000-year-old metropolis which represents the oldest known civilization in the Americas, known as the Norte Chico. When it was first discovered, archaeologists had no idea of the extent of this great city, nor its age. It took some 90 years before researchers discovered its immense significance. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/unique-artifacts-shed-light-daily-life-5000-year-old-city-caral-002019#sthash.uos9eYV5.dpuf

New fossil is earliest evidence of animals with muscles

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 28 August 2014

A new fossil discovery identifies the earliest evidence for animals with muscles. An unusual new fossil discovery of one of the earliest animals on earth may also provide the oldest evidence of muscle tissue -- the bundles of cells that make movement in animals possible Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/new-fossil-is-earliest-evidence-of.html#.U_9CamMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

To See or Not to See: Technology Peers into Ancient Mummies

Bible History Daily - 27 August 2014

The British Museum has opened an innovative exhibition, Ancient Lives, New Discoveries, which focuses on eight individuals who lived, died and were mummified in ancient Egypt and Sudan. We are invited to look inside these individuals’ coffins and see the intricate layers of their burials—even to see their internal organs. Yet the mummies themselves—never having been unwrapped—remain completely intact.

‘Gold and the Gods’ opens window to rulers of ancient Nubia

The Ancient Origins - 26 August 2014

King Piankhi, otherwise known as Piye, was the first of the great Nubian kings who reigned over Egypt for three-quarters of a century in the 25th Dynasty. King Piankhi and the so-called black pharaohs, emerged from a powerful African civilization, which had flourished on the southern banks of the Nile for 2,500 years, to reunify a tattered Egypt and fill its landscape with magnificent monuments, bringing Egypt back to a golden age. Now the opulence and grandeur of the Nubian royals is being brought back to life in the exhibition ‘Gold and the Gods’ at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, which opens a window on the lives of a culture that has been given comparatively little attention despite its immensely significant role in history. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-general/gold-and-gods-opens-window-rulers-ancient-nubia-002008#sthash.noMTwApR.dpuf

2,700-year-old Phoenician Shipwreck Discovered in Maltese Waters -

The Ancient Origins - 26 August 2014

A group of divers have discovered a Phoenician shipwreck dating back to 700 BC off the coast of Gozo island in Malta, according to a news report in the Times of Malta. It is a unique and immensely important finding as it is the oldest known shipwreck in the central Mediterranean, it is among the oldest and most complete Phoenician ships ever recovered, and it will serve to shed light on inter-regional trade and exchange in antiquity. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/2700-year-old-phoenician-shipwreck-discovered-maltese-waters-002007#sthash.pM1DlDlM.dpuf

Home owner discovers ancient underground city beneath his house in Anatolia

The Ancient Origins - 25 August 2014

A home owner living in the Melikgazi district of Kayseri province in Anatolia made a surprising discovery while clearing out an area under his house – a subterranean city, of which 4,000 square metres have been excavated so far, according to a report in Hurriyet Daily News. The region of Anatolia in Turkey is famous for its underground cities, particularly in the region of Cappadocia where more than 40 complete underground cities and 200 underground villages and tunnel towns complete with hidden passages, secret rooms, and ancient temples have been found. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/home-owner-discovers-ancient-underground-city-anatolia-102001#sthash.e7g5OtuY.dpuf

The Enigmatic Etruscans

The Ancient Origins - 25 August 2014

The Etruscans emerged in what was Etruria (modern day Tuscany) in the Western and central regions of Italy, North of Latium. While their origins are continuously debated in the academic world, one thing is for certain, they emerged as a great power by the start of the 6th century BCE and their influence and art would be shared with the rest of the Mediterranean world. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-europe-opinion-guest-authors/enigmatic-etruscans-002005#sthash.Cl3g2IwD.dpuf

6,000-year-old Neolithic henge and barrow uncovered in Kent

The Ancient Origins - 24 August 2014

Archaeologists in Britain have unearthed an ancient Neolithic henge on housing development grounds in Kent, England. According to a report in Culture24, the massive structure may have been used later on as a funerary complex, known as a barrow, in the Bronze Age, when an inner ring was also added. Researchers have said the ancient monument would have once looked quite similar to Stonehenge. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/6000-year-old-neolithic-henge-and-barrow-uncovered-kent-002003#sthash.FjKRnNAp.dpuf

Oldest metal object found to date in Middle East

The Ancient Origins - 23 August 2014

A copper awl, the oldest metal object found to date in the Middle East, was discovered during the excavations at Tel Tsaf, according to a recent study published by researchers from the Zinman Institute of Archaeology and the Department of archaeology at the University of Haifa , in conjunction with researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the German Archaeological Institute of Berlin. According to the study, which appeared in the journal PLOS ONE, the awl dates back to the late 6th millennium or the early 5th millennium BCE, moving back by several hundred years the date it was previously thought that the peoples of the region began to use metals. - See more at: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/oldest-metal-object-found-date-middle-east-002000#sthash.3adDN6Lm.dpuf

Geometric tomb found in ancient Corinth

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 22 August 2014

Archaeologists working at the ancient city of Corinth, Greece, have discovered a tomb dating back around 2,800 years that has pottery decorated with zigzagging designs. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/08/geometric-tomb-found-in-ancient-corinth.html#.U_deBGMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Toothless 'dragon' pterosaurs dominated the Late Cretaceous skies

TERRADAILY - 21 August 2014

File image. A new study provides an exciting insight into the Late Cretaceous and the diversity and distribution of the toothless 'dragon' pterosaurs from the Azhdarchidae family. The research was published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Neanderthals 'overlapped' with modern humans for up to 5,400 years

University of Oxford - 21 August 2014

Neanderthals and modern humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years, according to a new article. For the first time, scientists have constructed a robust timeline showing when the last Neanderthals died out.

Bronze Age burial cist unearthed in Scotland

ARCHEOLOGY - 20 August 2014

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of at least two bodies in a Bronze Age burial cist in a remote area of the west Highlands.

Excavations at Amphipolis tomb resumed on Monday

ARCHEOLOGY - 20 August 2014

Excavations in the site of ancient Amphipolis resumed on Monday with archaeologists intensifying their efforts to solve the puzzle of the Sphinxes of Ancient Amphipolis.

Megaliths, standing stones and astronomical alignment

ARCHEOLOGY - 20 August 2014

The merging of astronomical techniques with the archaeological study of ancient man-made features in the landscape could prove Neolithic and Bronze Age people were acute astronomical observers, according to researchers.

Jurassic mammals were picky eaters, new study finds

University of Southampton - 20 August 2014

New analyses of tiny fossil mammals from Glamorgan, South Wales are shedding light on the function and diets of our earliest ancestors, a team reports. Mammals and their immediate ancestors from the Jurassic period (201-145 million years ago) developed new characteristics - such as better hearing and teeth capable of precise chewing.

Fossilized marine plankton tell the tale of the end Permian mass extinction

PHYS.ORG - 16 August 2014

The worst mass extinction the Earth has ever seen occurred 252 million years ago. The boundary of the Permian and Triassic geological periods marked the demise of around 90 percent of marine species and 70 percent of land species. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2014-08-fossilized-marine-plankton-tale-permian.html#jCp

Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows

University of Edinburgh - 28 July 2014

Dinosaurs might have survived the asteroid strike that wiped them out if it had taken place slightly earlier or later in history, scientists say. They found that in the few million years before a 10km-wide asteroid struck what is now Mexico, Earth was experiencing environmental upheaval. This included extensive volcanic activity, changing sea levels and varying temperatures. At this time, the dinosaurs' food chain was weakened by a lack of diversity among the large plant-eating dinosaurs on which others preyed.

Tooth plaque provides unique insights into our prehistoric ancestors' diet

University of York - 16 July 2014

An international team of researchers has found new evidence that our prehistoric ancestors had a detailed understanding of plants long before the development of agriculture. By extracting chemical compounds and microfossils from dental calculus (calcified dental plaque) from ancient teeth, the researchers were able to provide an entirely new perspective on our ancestors' diets. Their research suggests that purple nut sedge (Cyperus rotundus) -- today regarded as a nuisance weed -- formed an important part of the prehistoric diet.

Birdlike fossil challenges notion that birds evolved from ground-dwelling dinosaurs

Springer - 09 July 2014

The re-examination of a sparrow-sized fossil from China challenges the commonly held belief that birds evolved from ground-dwelling theropod dinosaurs that gained the ability to fly. The birdlike fossil is actually not a dinosaur, as previously thought, but much rather the remains of a tiny tree-climbing animal that could glide.

Archaeo-astronomy steps out from shadows of the past

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) - 23 June 2014

From the ‘Crystal Pathway’ that links stone circles on Cornwall’s Bodmin Moor to star-aligned megaliths in central Portugal, archaeo-astronomers are finding evidence that Neolithic and Bronze Age people were acute observers of the Sun, as well as the Moon and stars, and that they embedded astronomical references within their local landscapes.

Egyptologist unravels ancient mystery

Leiden University - 19 June 2014

It is one of the greatest archaeological mysteries of all times: the disappearance of a Persian army of 50,000 men in the Egyptian desert around 524 BC. A professor has now unearthed a cover-up affair and solved the riddle.

Fossil avatars are transforming palaeontology

University of Bristol - 22 May 2014

New techniques for visualizing fossils are transforming our understanding of evolutionary history. Palaeontology has traditionally proceeded slowly, with individual scientists labouring for years or even decades over the interpretation of single fossils. The introduction of X-ray tomography has revolutionized the way that fossils are studied, allowing them to be virtually extracted from the rock in a fraction of the time necessary to prepare specimens by hand and without the risk of damaging the fossil.

Oldest most complete, genetically intact human skeleton in New World

National Geographic Society - 15 May 2014

In a paper released today in the journal Science, an international team of researchers and cave divers present the results of an expedition that discovered a near-complete early American human skeleton with an intact cranium and preserved DNA. The remains were found surrounded by a variety of extinct animals more than 40 meters (130 feet) below sea level in Hoyo Negro, a deep pit within the Sac Actun cave system on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula.

Alcohol and drugs: Not just for modern humans

Springer - 12 May 2014

Unlike most modern humans, the prehistoric people of Europe did not use mind-altering substances simply for their hedonistic pleasure. Researchers contend that their use was an integral part of prehistoric beliefs, and that these substances were seen to aid in communication with the spiritual world.

Egyptologists identify tomb of royal children

Universität Basel - 28 April 2014

Who had the privilege to spend eternal life next to the pharaoh? Close to the royal tombs in the Egyptian Valley of the Kings, excavations by Egyptologists have identified the burial place of several children as well as other family members of two pharaohs.

Neanderthals were no strangers to good parenting

University of York - 09 April 2014

Archaeologists are challenging the traditional view that Neanderthal childhood was difficult, short and dangerous. A new and distinctive perspective suggests that Neanderthal children experienced strong emotional attachments with their immediate social group, used play to develop skills and played a significant role in their society.

Little Foot is oldest complete Australopithecus, new stratigraphic research shows

University of the Witwatersrand - 14 March 2014

After 13 years of meticulous excavation of the nearly complete skeleton of the Australopithecus fossil named Little Foot, South African and French scientists have now convincingly shown that it is probably around 3 million years old.

Emotional expressions in ancient funerary art served as therapy for the bereaved

University of Gothenburg - 10 March 2014

Emotional expressions on Greek tombstones from the Hellenistic period -- 323-31 B.C. -- help increase our understanding of social communication and cultural values. Despite the potential of the tombstones as a source for history of emotions, this has rarely been explored by researchers. Researchers now conclude that the illustrations and inscriptions reflect people's way of relating to death, and that the tombstone was a means to deal with the grief of losing a loved one.

Europe's oldest footprints uncovered on English coast

Queen Mary University of London - 07 February 2014

The earliest human footprints outside of Africa have been uncovered, on the English coast, by a team of scientists. Their discovery offers researchers an insight into the migration of pre-historic people hundreds of thousands of years ago when Britain was linked by land to continental Europe.

Violence, Infectious Disease and Climate Change Contributed to Indus Civilization Collapse

Appalachian State University - 16 January 2014

A new study on the human skeletal remains from the ancient Indus city of Harappa provides evidence that inter-personal violence and infectious diseases played a role in the demise of the Indus, or Harappan Civilization around 4,000 years ago.

Egypt: Sarcophagus Leads to the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh, from 3,600 Years Ago

University of Pennsylvania - 16 January 2014

Archaeologists working at the southern Egyptian site of Abydos have discovered the tomb of a previously unknown pharaoh: Woseribre Senebkay -- and the first material proof of a forgotten Abydos Dynasty, ca. 1650-1600 BC. Working in cooperation with Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, a team from the Penn Museum, University of Pennsylvania, discovered king Senebkay's tomb close to a larger royal tomb, recently identified as belonging to a king Sobekhotep (probably Sobekhotep I, ca. 1780 BC) of the 13th Dynasty.

New Fossils Shed Light On the Origins of Lions, Tigers, and Bears

Society of Vertebrate Paleontology - 06 January 2014

New fossils from Belgium have shed light on the origin of some of the most well-known, and well-loved, modern mammals. Cats and dogs, as well as other carnivorous mammals (like bears, seals, and weasels), taxonomically called 'carnivoraformes', trace their ancestry to primitive carnivorous mammals dating back to 55 million years ago (the beginning of the time period called the Eocene). A study, published in the most recent issue of the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, discusses the origins of this group and describes new specimens of one of the earliest of these primitive taxa.

No Scrounging for Scraps: Research Uncovers Diets of Middle, Lower Class in Pompeii

University of Cincinnati - 02 January 2014

University of Cincinnati archaeologists are turning up discoveries in the famed Roman city of Pompeii that are wiping out the historic perceptions of how the Romans dined, with the rich enjoying delicacies such as flamingos and the poor scrounging for soup or gruel.

New Evidence Suggests Neanderthals Organized Their Living Spaces

University of Colorado Denver - 03 December 2013

Scientists have found that Neanderthals organized their living spaces in ways that would be familiar to modern humans, a discovery that once again shows similarities between these two close cousins.

Giant Prehistoric Elephant Slaughtered by Early Humans

University of Southampton - 19 September 2013

Research by a University of Southampton archaeologist suggests that early humans, who lived thousands of years before Neanderthals, were able to work together in groups to hunt and slaughter animals as large as the prehistoric elephant.

Pinpointing When the First Dynasty of Kings Ruled Egypt

University of Oxford - 13 September 2013

For the first time, a team of scientists and archaeologists has been able to set a robust timeline for the first eight dynastic rulers of Egypt. Until now there have been no verifiable chronological records for this period or the process leading up to the formation of the Egyptian state. The chronology of Early Egypt between 4500 and 2800 BC has been reset by building mathematical models that combine new radiocarbon dates with established archaeological evidence.

Jurassic Jaws: How Ancient Crocodiles Flourished During the Age of the Dinosaurs

University of Bristol - 10 September 2013

New research has revealed the hidden past of crocodiles, showing for the first time how these fierce reptiles evolved and survived in a dinosaur dominated world.

Evidence of Production of Luxury Textiles and the Extraction of Copper from an Unknown Part of a Cypriote Bronze Age City

University of Gothenburg - 02 September 2013

A Swedish archaeological expedition from the University of Gothenburg has excavated a previously unknown part of the Bronze Age city Hala Sultan Tekke (around 1600-1100 BC). The finds include a facility for extraction of copper and production of bronze objects, evidence of production of luxurious textiles, as well as ceramics and other objects imported from all over the Mediterranean but also from central Europe.

Handaxe Design Reveals Distinct Neanderthal Cultures

University of Southampton - 19 August 2013

A study by a postgraduate researcher at the University of Southampton has found that Neanderthals were more culturally complex than previously acknowledged. Two cultural traditions existed among Neanderthals living in what is now northern Europe between 115,000 to 35,000 years ago.

Royal bronze chariot found after 3,000 years

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 00 0000

A bronze chariot made during the Western Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century-771 BC) has been found in Qishan county, Shaanxi province - and archaeologists believe it may be a ceremonial vehicle used by princes. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/royal-bronze-chariot-found-after-3000.html#.VAXwnGMrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Possible Roman settlement found at Buckingham

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 00 0000

An archaeological dig has unearthed what could be a Roman settlement. Roman pottery and a red deer antler have been found at the dig in a field near St Rumbold’s Well, in Buckingham, a county councillor told the Advertiser. Read more at: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.fr/2014/09/possible-roman-settlement-found-at.html#.VBhE3xYrOpM Follow us: @ArchaeoNewsNet on Twitter | groups/thearchaeologynewsnetwork/ on Facebook

Ancient glass bracelet found in Israel

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 00 0000

A broken bracelet which features a model of the seven-branched candelabrum from the Temple was discovered last Thursday by the Israel Antiquities Authority, it announced Tuesday, near a dig near Elyakim in the Mount Carmel National Park.

Rare mural paintings found in Yuan Dynasty tomb

THE ARCHEOLOGY NEWS - 00 0000

Elaborately depicted murals created during the Yuan dynasty, some 700 years ago, have been found in a tomb in Hengshan county, north Shanxi province.

'Eternal flames' of ancient times could spark interest of modern geologists

SCIENCEDAILY - 00 0000

Gas and oil seeps have been part of religious and cultural practices for thousands of years. Seeps from which gas and oil escape were formative to many ancient cultures and societies. They gave rise to legends surrounding the Delphi Oracle, Chimaera fires and "eternal flames" that were central to ancient religious practices - from Indonesia and Iran to Italy and Azerbaijan.

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